García in the 1937 film No basta ser madre
|Born||Sara García Hidalgo
September 8, 1895
Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico
|Died||November 21, 1980
Mexico City, Mexico
|Resting place||Panteón Español
Mexico City, Mexico
|Other names||La Abuelita de México|
Sara García (8 September 1895 – 21 November 1980) was a Mexican actress who made her biggest mark during the "Golden Age of Mexican cinema". During the 1940s and 1950s, she often played the part of a no-nonsense but lovable grandmother in numerous Mexican films. In later years, she played parts in Mexican telenovelas.
García was baptized and is remembered as La Abuelita de México (Mexico's Grandmother).
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Later years and death
- 5 Legacy
- 6 Filmography
- 7 Films
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Doña Sara García was born Sara García Hidalgo to Andalusian parents, Isidoro García Ruiz, an architect, and his wife Felipa Hidalgo de Ruiz. Her father was hired for various jobs in Veracruz, where they arrived, having just come from Havana, Cuba. Sarita was the only survivor of their eleven children.
In 1900, a storm caused the Santa Catarina river (which separated the family house from Sara's school) to overflow and knock down the bridge that crossed it. Until the evening the children of the school could return from the other side of the river. The anguish of Don Isidoro for believing that he would lose his only daughter caused him to suffer a stroke days later. Doña Felipa decided to travel to Mexico City to intern her husband, but he died shortly after arriving. In 1905 Mrs. Felipa died from typhoid fever.
Sara started her film career at 22 when she was a teacher at a Catholic school for girls, where she served as a substitute art professor. She is said to have been a talented painter in those days. One day she noticed that in a small building in Mexico City a film was being produced by newly founded film company Azteca Films. The 1917 silent, black and white feature film was Alma de sacrificio (Soul of Sacrifice), the first production of Azteca Films, which was one of the very first Mexican film production companies. Some sources say her first movie was En defensa Propia (In self Defense).
The leading lady was stage actress turned film producer (and writer, actress, editor and, maybe director) Mimí Derba. After screening tests she was offered a contract and a role as an extra in the film. She accepted although she did not mention it to her employers for many months. She appeared in two more films that year as an extra.
Sara García's film appearances lead to the theater. She began in the theater playing minor roles. However, during her early acting experiences, her natural talent and strong voice on the stage soon led to ten years acting on stage with the theater company Compañía de Comedia Selecta at the Theater Virginia Fábregas, which was the top theater group in Mexico of the time. There she shared the stage with Eduardo Arozamena, Sara Uthoff, Mercedes Navarro, Prudencia Grifell and the sisters Anita and Isabel Blanch, who were among the most prominent Mexican stage actors of the time. García's stage career took her all over Mexico and Central America. During these travels she met her husband, Fernando Ibáñez through the actress, Mercedes Navarro. She gave birth to their daughter, Fernanda Mercedes Ibáñez during a stop in Tepic, Nayarit.
Golden Age of Mexican cinema
Filmmakers often solicited her to play movie roles during those years. However, she interrupted her stage career to appear in only one film between 1918 and 1933. Doña Sara appeared in the film Yo soy tu padre ("I Am Your Father") in 1927. Six years later, however, she returned to the screen full-time in El vuelo de la muerte ("Death Flight") in 1933. She then began a very long career of 148 films. Her first starring role was in the 1936 film Así es la mujer ("That is How a Woman is"); that film was followed by No basta ser madre ("It is Not Enough to be a Mother") (1937), in which her daughter Fernanda also appeared. The two then appeared in Por mis pistolas ("By My Pistols") in 1938 and Papacito lindo ("My Handsome Dad") in 1939.
Almost from the start, Sara García played the parts of mothers and grandmothers. She started a long series of films co-starring with the brightest stars of the cinema of Mexico, such as Cantinflas, Jorge Negrete, Germán Valdés "Tin-Tan", Domingo Soler, Joaquín Pardavé and two with Prudencia Grifell as the Vivanco sisters.
Namesake of La Abuelita de México
García sacrificed her beauty when she decided, at the age of 30, to take her teeth so that her mouth looked like that of an older woman and thus be able to star in roles of self-sacrificing ladies and achieve personify the role they gave her.
Film actress Emma Roldán suggested Sara García for the role of doña Panchita, an old woman, in the 1940 film Allá en el trópico ("There in the Tropics"). The film's director Fernando de Fuentes considered that García was too young for the part (indeed she was in her mid 40s) but Roldán replied him saying "Sara is an actress, and actresses don't have an age". For the screen test, Sara García had a wig made for her. At the time of the screen test, the director asked the crew of her whereabouts and they answered that she was the woman in front of him, the director was shocked: her wig, lack of teeth, and performance had touched him. It is in Fernando de Fuentes' Allá en el trópico where Sara García won her title of la Abuelita de México (Mexico's Grandmother).
Collaborations with Joaquín Pardavé
In 1942, Sara García co-starred with Joaquín Pardavé in El baisano Jalil, a comedy film where she portrays the matron of a Lebanese-immigrant family. For the part, Sarita García was not dressed as an old woman, but in her normal garb with makeup to resemble a middle-eastern toman. Doña Sara again starred with Joaquín Pardavé in a similar comedy, El barchante Neguib (1945). In both films, she is a matriarch of a Lebanese-Mexican family and for the roles she and co-star Pardavé share a similar "Arab" accent in which the pronunciations of "p" and "m" are substituted with "b" sounds. Therefore, the words "paisano" and "marchante" are mispronounced and misspelled in the films' titles.
Starring with Pedro Infante
She co-starred many times in "Golden Age of Mexican cinema" films as the grandmother of famous Mexican actor Pedro Infante. Pedro was (and is) so well known and popular that they call him the "idol" (el idolo). Her most remembered film with him is in the 1947 one Los tres García also starred alongside with Abel Salazar and Víctor Manuel Mendoza, where she incarnate the character of their grandmother with a strong, naughty and authoritarian attitude. For instance, after she dies in one of her films, Pedro Infante, playing the role of her grandson, forces a Mariachi band at gun point to accompany him to her newly dug grave in a heavy downpour for them to play while he tearfully tells her how much he loves and misses her.
In her Golden Age movies with Pedro Infante, she often played the part of the stern grandmother who constantly tried to get her adult good-timing grandson to behave. She would often take fully grown Pedro Infante by the ear like a child, when she was mad at him. However, while she never would show it, she loved him deeply.
In addition to Pedro Infante, she co-starred with almost the entire cast of Mexican movie stars from the 1930s to the 1970s.
She married Fernando Ibáñez in 1918, however, García and her husband divorced in 1923. García had a daughter with him named María Fernanda Ibáñez who was starting a promising career as an actress, before dying on 17 October 1940 of typhoid fever. García lived throughout her life, with her alleged female lover, assistant, and business manager Rosario González Cuenca.
She adored Pedro Infante, otherwise she couldn't stand Jorge Negrete as he fell in love with her daughter Fernanda. Many close friends affirm that she was a severe and evil mother-in-law as well as not consenting the relationship between Jorge and her daughter.
Later years and death
García had her own television show in 1951, Media hora con Abuelita, but it was a failure and subsequently was cancelled. She returned to television in 1960 when she obtained a role in Un rostro en el pasado which was her first of eight telenovelas that also included Mundo de juguete in 1974, which as of this date (early 2006) the longest-running telenovela in history, and Viviana with Lucía Méndez in 1978.
On 21 November 1980, Sara died at the National Medical Center in Mexico City at the age of 85, due to a cardiac arrest that arose from pneumonia, days before she had been hospitalized after being injured by falling down the stairs of her house.
García was buried alongside her daughter in a mausoleum at Panteón Español cemetery in Mexico City. While she was being buried, the song "Mi Cariñito" ("My Little Darling/Beloved One") was played as this song was the one that Pedro Infante sang it to Sara several times, particularly he sang it drunk and tearful as a lament after Sara died in the movie Vuelven Los Garcia (The Garcias Return). It is claimed that the song was sung at her funeral by Lucha Villa.
In 1973, Sara García signed a commercial agreement to give her image to the factory of Chocolates Azteca, which was later bought by the Nestlé brand. Since then her image is displayed on the label of Mexico's traditional Abuelita chocolate.
|1960||Un rostro en el pasado||3 episodes|
|1962||La gloria quedó atrás||3 episodes|
|1966||La duquesa||La duquesa (Duchess), Raquel||3 episodes|
|1967||Anita de Montemar||3 episodes|
|1968||El padre Guernica|
|1973||Mi rival||Chayo||19 episodes|
|1974||Mundo de juguete||Nana (Nanny) Tomasita||221 episodes|
|1978||Viviana||Doña Angustias Rubio Montesinos||3 episodes|
|1951||Media hora con la abuelita|
|1957, 1959||Secreto de familia||4 episodes|
|1940||Recordar es vivir|
|1963||La vida de Pedro Infante|
|1976||México de mis amores|
Cinema of Mexico
|1917||En defensa Propia||Extra|
|1917||Alma de sacrificio||Extra|
|1927||Yo soy tu padre||Extra|
|1934||El pulpo humano|
|1934||El vuelo de la muerte||Doña Clara|
|1934||La sangre manda||Vecina (Neighbor)|
|1934||¡Viva México! (El grito de Dolores)||Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez|
|1936||Such Is Woman (Así es la mujer)||Viuda (Widow)|
|1936||Marihuana (El monstruo verde)||Petra|
|1936||Malditas serán las mujeres||Señora de Ambrosaliet|
|1936||No te engañes corazón||Doña Petro|
|1937||Las mujeres mandan||Marta|
|1937||La honradez es un estorbo||Doña Refugio|
|1937||No basta ser madre||Sebastiana del Puerto|
|1938||Por mis pistolas|
|1938||Pescadores de perlas||Juana|
|1938||Padre de más de cuatro||Doña Gertrudis|
|1938||Su adorable majadero||Mariquita|
|1939||El capitán aventurero||Catalina, corregidora|
|1939||Los enredos de papá||Petra|
|1939||En un burro tres baturros||Manuela|
|1940||Miente y serás feliz||Constancia|
|1940||Allá en el trópico||Doña Panchita|
|1940||Here's the Point'||Clotilde Regalado, Leonardo del Paso's mistress|
|1940||Father Gets Untangled (Papá se desenreda)||Petra|
|1940||Father Gets Entangled Again (Papá se enreda otra vez)||Petra|
|1941||Cuando los hijos se van||Lupe de Rosales|
|1941||¿Quién te quiere a ti?||Seducer's mother|
|1941||La gallina clueca||Teresa de Treviño|
|1941||Al son de la marimba||Doña Cornelia Escobar|
|1942||Las tres viudas de papá||Petra|
|1942||Dos mexicanos en Sevilla||Gracia|
|1942||Regalo de Reyes||Doña Esperanza|
|1942||La abuelita||Doña Carmen|
|1942||Historia de un gran amor||Doña Josefa|
|1942||El baisano Jalil||Suad|
|1942||El verdugo de Sevilla||Doña Nieves|
|1943||Caminito alegre||Antonia Goyena|
|1943||Toros, amor y gloria||Irene|
|1944||La trepadora||Doña Carmelita|
|1944||El secreto de la solterona||Marta|
|1944||El jagüey de las ruinas||Doña Teresa "Mamanina"|
|1944||Como yo te quería||Remedios Mantilla|
|1945||Escuadrón 201||Doña Herlinda|
|1945||La señora de enfrente||Lastenia Cortazano|
|1945||Mamá Inés||Inés Valenzuela|
|1946||El barchante Neguib||Sara|
|1946||¡Ay qué rechula es Puebla!||Doña Severa|
|1947||Sucedió en Jalisco (Los cristeros)||Doña Engracia, abuela (Grandma)|
|1947||Los tres García||Doña Luisa García viuda de García|
|1947||Vuelven los García||Doña Luisa García viuda de García|
|1948||Los que volvieron||Marta Ortos|
|1948||Mi madre adorada||Doña Lolita|
|1948||Dueña y señora||Toña|
|1948||Tía Candela||Candelaria López y Polvorilla "Tía Candela"|
|1949||Dicen que soy mujeriego||Doña Rosa|
|1949||The Perez Family (La familia Pérez)||Natalia Vivanco de Pérez|
|1949||Eterna agonía||Doña Cholita|
|1949||Novia a la medida||Doña Socorro|
|1949||El diablo no es tan diablo||Doña Leonor|
|1949||Dos pesos dejada||Prudencia|
|1950||Yo quiero ser hombre||Tía Milagros / Doña Tanasia|
|1950||Mi preferida||Doña Sara|
|1950||Si me viera don Porfirio||Doña Martirio|
|1950||Azahares para tu boda||Eloísa|
|1950||Mi querido capitán||Pelancha|
|1950||Yo quiero ser tonta||Atilana|
|1951||La reina del mambo||Tía (Aunt)|
|1951||El papelerito||Doña Dominga|
|1951||Doña Clarines||Clara Urrutia 'Doña Clarines'|
|1951||La duquesa del Tepetate||Chonita, Duquesa del Tepetate|
|1951||Acá las tortas||Dolores|
|1952||La miel se fue de la luna||Doña Martirio|
|1953||Por el mismo camino||Tía Justa|
|1953||El lunar de la familia||Doña Luisa Jiménez|
|1953||Genio y figura||Doña Luisa|
|1953||Los que no deben nacer||Clotilde|
|1954||Los Fernández de Peralvillo||Doña Conchita Fernández; doña Chita|
|1954||El hombre inquieto||Doña Fátima Sayeh|
|1955||Sólo para maridos||Concordia|
|1956||El crucifijo de piedra||Laura|
|1956||La tercera palabra||Matilde|
|1956||El inocente||Madre de Mané|
|1957||La ciudad de los niños||Doña Juliana|
|1957||Pobres millonarios||Doña Margarita del Valle|
|1958||El gran premio||Soledad Fuentes Lago (Doña Cholita)|
|1958||Con el dedo en el gatillo||La abuela||Episode: El anónimo|
|1959||Los Santos Reyes||La anciana|
|1959||Las señoritas Vivanco||Hortensia Vivanco y de la Vega|
|1959||Yo pecador||Nana Pachita|
|1961||El proceso de las señoritas Vivanco||Doña Hortensia Vivanco y de la Vega (as Doña Sara Garcia)|
|1961||¡Mis abuelitas... nomás!||Doña Casilda|
|1961||El buena suerte||Doña Paz|
|1961||Paloma brava||Doña Popotita|
|1961||El analfabeto||Doña Epifanita|
|1962||El malvado Carabel||Tía Elodia|
|1962||Las hijas del Amapolo||La abuela|
|1962||El caballo blanco||Doña Refugio|
|1962||Ruletero a toda marcha||Doña Sarita|
|1964||Las Chivas Rayadas||Doña Pancha|
|1964||Los fenómenos del futbol||Doña Pancha|
|1964||Nos dicen las intocables||Doña Cucaracha|
|1964||Héroe a la fuerza||Doña Prudencia|
|1965||Canta mi corazón||Abuela|
|1965||Escuela para solteras||Doña Bernarda|
|1965||Nos lleva la tristeza||Doña Marina Guerra viuda de Batalla|
|1966||Los dos apóstoles||Doña Angustias|
|1966||Joselito vagabundo||Doña Guadalupe|
|1967||Seis días para morir||Doña Mercedes|
|1967||Un novio para dos hermanas||Seňora Cáceres|
|1967||Las amiguitas de los ricos||Viejecita|
|1968||Sor Ye Ye||Madre María de los Ángeles||Co-produced with Spain|
|1969||No se mande, profe||Doña Claudia|
|1969||Flor marchita||Paula la nana|
|1969||El día de las madres||Doña Carmen|
|1970||¿Por qué nací mujer?||Doña Rosario|
|1971||La casa del farol rojo||Doña Sara Morales viuda de Mendoza|
|1970||La hermana dinamita||Madre Ana|
|1972||La inocente||La abuela|
|1972||Fin de fiesta||Doña Beatriz|
|1972||Nadie te querrá como yo||Abuela|
|1972||National Mechanics (Mecánica nacional)||Doña Lolita|
|1973||Entre Monjas Anda el Diablo||Sor Lucero|
|1973||Nosotros los feos||Doña Sara García viuda de García y García|
|1973||Valente Quintero||Elvira Peña|
|1974||Los Leones del ring||Doña Refugio|
|1974||Los Leones del ring contra la Cosa Nostra||Doña Refugio|
|1974||Fé, Esperanza y Caridad||Anciana||Segment: Caridad|
|1974||El hijo del pueblo||Vicenta Aurelia Fernandez; Chenta|
|1977||Como gallos de pelea||Doña Altagracia|
|1978||La comadrita||Doña Chonita|
|1979||La vida difícil de una mujer fácil||Doña Amalia|
|1979||Como México no hay dos|
|1980||Sexo vs. sexo||Señora dueña del club de Can-Can (Lady Owner of Can-Can Club)|
Cinema of the United States
|1957||The Living Idol (El ídolo viviente)||Elena||Co-produced with Mexico|
Cinema of Italy
|1964||Los dinamiteros (L'ultimo rififi)||Doña Pura||Co-produced with Spain|
Cinema of Spain
|1961||Lovely Memory||Dona Sara|
- "Sara García". Estrellas del cine Mexicano (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- Mauricio Mejía Castillo (27 May 2017). "La triste historia de la abuelita más famosa de México". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- Rosa, Gutiérrez (30 November 2017). "Sara García, la abuelita de México". La Neta Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Sara García, 37 años sin la 'abuelita' del cine mexicano". Europa Press (in Spanish). 21 November 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Los controversiales secretos de Sara García". Azteca Uno (in Spanish). 5 November 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- Ricardo, Hernández (22 November 2015). "Recordando a... Sara García". El Sol de México (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- José, Arrieta (8 September 2015). "Recuerda a Sara García". Reforma (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Sara García: La vida en el clóset de la 'Abuelita del Cine Mexicano'". Ulisex! (in Spanish). 28 August 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "Media hora con Abuelita". IMDb. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "Un rostro en el pasado". IMDb. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Mundo de juguete". IMDb. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Viviana". IMDb. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Biografía de Sara García". México Lindo y Querido (in Spanish). 25 April 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "Cuidadores del Panteón Español". Time Out (Ciudad de México) (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "Mi Cariñito". iTunes. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "Chocolate Abuelita®". Nestlé (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 March 2018.
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