Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot (born August 22, 1944) is an American sociologist who examines the culture of schools, the patterns and structures of classroom life, socialization within families and communities, and the relationships between culture and learning styles. She is the Emily Hargroves Fisher professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education and a 1984 MacArthur Genius.
Lawrence-Lightfoot has pioneered portraiture, an approach to social science methodology that bridges the realms of aesthetics and empiricism, which she continues to use in her own work.
She has written 10 books, including I've Known Rivers, which explores the development of creativity and wisdom using the lens of "human archaeology," The Art and Science of Portraiture, which documents her pioneering approach to social science methodology, and The Third Chapter: Passion, Risk, and Adventure in the 25 Years After 50 (2009). Her most recent book, Exit: The Endings That Set Us Free, was a non-fiction nominee for the 2013 Hurston/Wright Legacy Award.
In 1984, Lawrence-Lightfoot was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship, and in 1993, received Harvard's George Ledlie prize for research that makes the "most valuable contribution to science" and "the benefit of mankind." She received a Candace Award from the National Coalition of 100 Black Women in 1990.
In March 1998, she was the recipient of the Emily Hargroves Fisher endowed chair at Harvard University, which, upon her retirement, will become the Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot endowed chair, making her the first African-American woman in Harvard's history to have an endowed professorship named in her honor. She also has an endowed professorship named in her honor at Swarthmore College.
- Worlds Apart: Relationships Between Families and Schools (1978)
- Beyond Bias: Perspectives on Classrooms (1978)
- The Good High School: Portraits of Character and Courage (1983)
- Balm in Gilead: Journey of a Healer (1988), a personal memoir and biography of her mother, Margaret Morgan Lawrence
- Respect: An Exploration (1990)
- I've Known Rivers: Lives of Loss and Liberation (1995)
- The Art and Science of Portraiture (1997)
- The Essential Conversation: What Parents and Teachers Can Learn from Each Other (2003)
- The Third Chapter: Passion, Risk, and Adventure in the 25 Years After 50 (2009). ISBN 978-0-374-27549-5
- Exit: The Endings That Set Us Free (2012). ISBN 978-0-374-15119-5
- Growing Each Other Up: When Our Children Become Our Teachers (2016). ISBN 978-0-226-18840-9