Sharada script

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Śāradā
Bakhshali manuscript.jpg
An example of early Sharada script, in the Bakhshali manuscript.
Type
Languages Sanskrit, Kashmiri
Time period
c. 800 CE–present (almost extinct)
Parent systems
Child systems
Gurmukhī
Takri
Landa
Sister systems
Nāgarī
Siddhaṃ
Direction Left-to-right
ISO 15924 Shrd, 319
Unicode alias
Sharada
U+11180–U+111DF
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.

The Śāradā, Sarada or Sharada script is an abugida writing system of the Brahmic family of scripts. The script was in use between the 8th and 12th centuries in the northwestern parts of India (in Kashmir and neighbouring areas), for writing Sanskrit and Kashmiri.[1][2] The Gurmukhī script was developed from Śāradā. Originally more widespread, its use became later restricted to Kashmir, and it is now rarely used except by the Kashmiri Pandit community for ceremonial purposes.

It is a native script of Kashmir and is named after Śāradā,[3] another name for Saraswati, the goddess of learning.

The Bakhshali manuscript uses an early stage of the Sharada script.[1]

Letters[edit]

Independent vowel signs[edit]

Sharada script - independent vowel signs.

Dependent vowel signs[edit]

Sharada script - dependent vowel signs.

Consonants[edit]

Sharada script - consonant signs.

Numerals[edit]

Sharada script - numerals.

Sharada script uses its own signs for the positional decimal numeral system.

Image gallery[edit]

Unicode[edit]

Śāradā script was added to the Unicode Standard in January, 2012 with the release of version 6.1.

The Unicode block for Śāradā script, called Sharada, is U+11180–U+111DF:

Sharada[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1118x 𑆀 𑆁 𑆂 𑆃 𑆄 𑆅 𑆆 𑆇 𑆈 𑆉 𑆊 𑆋 𑆌 𑆍 𑆎 𑆏
U+1119x 𑆐 𑆑 𑆒 𑆓 𑆔 𑆕 𑆖 𑆗 𑆘 𑆙 𑆚 𑆛 𑆜 𑆝 𑆞 𑆟
U+111Ax 𑆠 𑆡 𑆢 𑆣 𑆤 𑆥 𑆦 𑆧 𑆨 𑆩 𑆪 𑆫 𑆬 𑆭 𑆮 𑆯
U+111Bx 𑆰 𑆱 𑆲 𑆳 𑆴 𑆵 𑆶 𑆷 𑆸 𑆹 𑆺 𑆻 𑆼 𑆽 𑆾 𑆿
U+111Cx 𑇀 𑇁  𑇂   𑇃  𑇄 𑇅 𑇆 𑇇 𑇈 𑇉 𑇊 𑇋 𑇌 𑇍
U+111Dx 𑇐 𑇑 𑇒 𑇓 𑇔 𑇕 𑇖 𑇗 𑇘 𑇙 𑇚 𑇛 𑇜 𑇝 𑇞 𑇟
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Selin, Helaine (2008). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer Science & Business Media. p. Bakhshali Manuscript entry. ISBN 9781402045592.
  2. ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Pearson Education India. p. 43. ISBN 9788131711200.
  3. ^ "Pandits to visit Sharda temple". The Hindu. 17 May 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2012.

External links[edit]

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