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A peasant girl (middle) wearing sarafan in 1909.
A simple black sarafan. Belgorod Oblast
Traditional Russian Sarafan 2015

A sarafan (Russian: сарафа́н, IPA: [sərɐˈfan], from Persian: سراپاsarāpā, literally "[from] head to feet"),[1] is a long, trapezoidal traditional Russian jumper dress (pinafore) worn as Russian folk costume by women and girls.

Chronicles first mention it under the year 1376, and since that time it was worn until well into the 20th century. Today it is worn as folk costume while performing Russian folk songs and folk dancing.

Plain sarafans are still designed and worn today as a summer-time light dress.[2]

The outer layer of a Matryoshka doll is traditionally depicted wearing a sarafan.


  1. ^ "The Russian Fashion Blog A Brief History of the Sarafan". Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ What Is a Traditional Russian Sarafan? at (in Russian)

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