Sarafina! (film)

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Two black women stand in front of the continent of Africa. The sun is rising with several figures dancing in the background as a flock of doves fly away.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byDarrell Roodt
Written byMbongeni Ngema (play and screenplay)
William Nicholson (screenplay)
Music byMbongeni Ngema
Stanley Myers
Hugh Masekela
CinematographyMark Vicente
Edited byDavid Heitner
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures (US)
Warner Bros. (UK)
Release date
  • 16 September 1992 (1992-09-16)
Running time
117 minutes
CountryUnited States
South Africa
United Kingdom
Box office$7,306,242[1]

Sarafina! is a 1992 South African film directed by Darrell Roodt and starring Leleti Khumalo, Whoopi Goldberg, Miriam Makeba, John Kani and Tertius Meintjies.


The plot centres on students involved in the Soweto Uprising, in opposition to the implementation of Afrikaans as the language of instruction in schools. The character Sarafina (Leleti Khumalo) feels shame at her mother's (Miriam Makeba) acceptance of her role as domestic servant in a white household in apartheid South Africa, and inspires her peers to rise up in protest, especially after her inspirational teacher, Mary Masembuko (Whoopi Goldberg) is imprisoned. In the opening scene, Sarafina (Leleti Khumalo) is seen talking while staring at Nelson Mandela's picture, at the time the South African icon was still imprisoned. In the latter scene Sarafina is again talking while staring at Mandela's picture on the wall, criticizing him for being gone for a long time and not responding to the nation's pleas, idolising him as someone who can change the horrific situation that the Black nation of South Africa is in.



The film was shot on location in Soweto and Johannesburg, South Africa. Darrell Roodt directed, with the script by Mbongeni Ngema and William Nicholson. Leleti Khumalo reprised her role as Sarafina, with Whoopi Goldberg as Mary Masembuko and Miriam Makeba as Angeline. Companies involved included the British Broadcasting Corporation. In the United States, the MPAA, rated the film PG-13 for scenes of apartheid-driven violence. The extended version, released in 1995, was rated R for strong scenes of violence.

For Whoopi Goldberg, this was a project she was determined to be a part of, and convinced the executives at Disney that if they agreed to make this film, she would agree to reprise her role as Dolores Van Cartier in Sister Act 2: Back In The Habit, which Disney was keen to make since the original had brought in many millions worldwide.[citation needed].



The film was screened out of competition at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival.[2] Whoopi Goldberg mentioned on The Daily Show with Trevor Noah (who said the movie was a hit in South Africa), that the LA riots due to Rodney King happened at the same time that Sarafina! was released which resulted in the movie not being so well known in the US.


The film was released on 18 September 1992. Sarafina! was re-released in South Africa on 16 June 2006 to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the Soweto uprising in Soweto. The re-mastered director’s cut is not very different from the original, except for the inclusion of one scene that was cut from the original, between Leleti Khumalo (Sarafina) and Miriam Makeba (Sarafina's mother), which includes a musical number "Thank You Mama".

Box office[edit]

Sarafina! grossed $7,306,242 in North American box office receipts.[3]


  1. ^ Sarafina! at Box Office Mojo
  2. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Sarafina". Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Sarafina! (1992) - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 9 September 2017.

External links[edit]