Sarah, Duchess of York
|Duchess of York (more)|
Sarah, Duchess of York, in Rwanda, October 2017
Sarah Margaret Ferguson|
15 October 1959
London Welbeck Hospital, London, England
Prince Andrew, Duke of York |
(m. 1986; div. 1996)
|House||Windsor (by marriage)|
Sarah, Duchess of York (born Sarah Margaret Ferguson; 15 October 1959), also referred to by the nickname "Fergie", is a British writer, charity patron, public speaker, film producer and television personality. She is the former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Sarah is the younger daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson and Susan Barrantes (née Wright). She has two daughters, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie of York, who are respectively eighth and ninth in the line of succession to the British throne.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Marriage to Prince Andrew
- 3 Personal life after divorce
- 4 Charity work
- 5 Film
- 6 TV and radio
- 7 Cultural references
- 8 Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 9 Issue
- 10 Ancestry
- 11 Books
- 12 Notes
- 13 External links
Sarah Margaret Ferguson was born on 15 October 1959 at London Welbeck Hospital. She is the second daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson (1931–2003) and his first wife, Susan (née Wright; 1937–1998). After Sarah's parents divorced in 1974, her mother married polo player Héctor Barrantes in 1975 and moved to Trenque Lauquen in the Argentine pampas. Sarah stayed at the 480-acre (1.9 km2) Dummer Down Farm at Dummer, Hampshire, her father's home since age 8. Major Ferguson married Susan Deptford in 1976 and had three more children: Andrew, Alice, and Elizabeth.
Sarah attended Daneshill School, Stratfield Turgis. The staff of the school described her as a "courageous, bubbly and outgoing little girl". She then attended Hurst Lodge School in Ascot. She did not shine academically but showed talent in swimming and tennis. After finishing a course at Queen's Secretarial College at the age of eighteen, Sarah went to work for an art gallery. Later she worked in two public relations firms in London, and then for a publishing company. During her youth she reportedly dated Kim Smith-Bingham, a stockbroker, and Paddy McNally, a motor racing manager 22 years her senior.
Marriage to Prince Andrew
On 19 March 1986, Prince Andrew (fourth in line to the throne at the time) and Sarah Ferguson announced their engagement. Prince Andrew had known Ferguson since childhood, and they had met occasionally at polo matches, and became re-acquainted with each other at Royal Ascot in 1985. Also prior to their engagement, Ferguson had accompanied the Princess of Wales during her official tour of Andrew's ship HMS Brazen. Prince Andrew designed the engagement ring himself. It consists of ten diamonds surrounding a Burmese ruby. He chose the Burmese ruby to complement Sarah's red hair. With her fun spirit and friendly approach she was initially considered to be a good addition to the royal family.
After securing the Queen's permission (which, at that time, was required by the Royal Marriages Act 1772, for all descendants of King George II), Andrew and Sarah were married in Westminster Abbey on 23 July 1986. The Queen bestowed the title Duke of York upon Prince Andrew, and, as his new wife, Sarah automatically assumed her husband's royal and ducal status and became Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York. As Duchess of York, Sarah joined her husband in carrying out royal engagements, including official overseas visits.
In January 1988, during the trip to New York to attend a fundraising event, the Duchess was attacked by a young man at the entrance of her hotel. The man, who was screaming "murderers 3/8" and had the Irish Republican Army flag in his hands when he rushed at Sarah, was "charged with attempted assault on the Duchess and assault on a federal agent". Later a State Department press officer stated that "she was unharmed in the incident". In March 1988, the Duke and Duchess of York visited California. The trip was described by two British newspapers as a "brash, vulgar, excessive, weak-humored exhibition by two royals". The couple were defended by city officials of Los Angeles who stated that the criticism was "awful" and offending, and observers described the Duke and his wife's behaviour as friendly, and said that they fulfilled their duties.
The couple became parents on 8 August 1988, with the birth of their daughter, Beatrice Elizabeth Mary. In September, the couple went on an official tour to Australia. Their second child, another daughter, Eugenie Victoria Helena, was born on 23 March 1990. During her marriage, the tabloid press ridiculed the Duchess after her weight climbed to 15 stone 10 pounds (100 kg) (220 lbs) labelling her unflatteringly as the "Duchess of Pork".
Separation and divorce
Biographer Sarah Bradford argued in her book that Sarah was unable to deal with her husband's duties as a naval officer which required him to stay away from home for long periods. By 1991, the marriage was in trouble, and the couple had drifted apart. While her husband was away on naval or royal duties, the Duchess was frequently seen in the company of other men, notably Texan multimillionaire Steve Wyatt. The Duke and Duchess of York announced their separation on 19 March 1992. Following the separation, the palace announced that the Duchess would no longer carry out public engagements on behalf of the Queen. Furthermore, the Queen announced in a statement that she wouldn't take responsibility for Sarah's debts.
In August 1992, surreptitiously taken photographs of the Duchess sunbathing topless with John Bryan, an American financial manager, were published in the British tabloid Daily Mirror. The Duchess endured widespread public ridicule contributing to her further estrangement from the British royal family. In 1995, Prince Andrew's aunt Princess Margaret, who had received a bouquet of flowers sent by Sarah, reportedly wrote in a letter to the Duchess: "You have done more to bring shame on the family than could ever have been imagined".
After four years of official separation, the Duke and Duchess announced the mutual decision to divorce in May 1996. In the years after her divorce, the Duchess claimed that she had received £15,000 a year as a divorce settlement and cited her deal as a spokeswoman with Weight Watchers as her main "source of income". However, subsequent information given by senior officials to The Sunday Telegraph revealed that Sarah had received a lump sum settlement of £3 million. The couple shared the custody of their children.
By her divorce on 30 May 1996, she retained the style Her Royal Highness with the style of other divorced peeresses, eliminating the preface "The" before "Duchess of York". However, in accordance with letters patent issued in August 1996 regulating post-divorce royal titles, Sarah ceased being a Royal Highness, as she was no longer married to the Duke of York. Her current name, thus, is Sarah, Duchess of York. Should she marry again, Sarah would lose the use of the style of "Duchess of York".
Since the divorce, Sarah still attends some functions with her daughters, such as the investitures of the Duke of York into the Royal Victorian Order and the Order of the Garter, and Royal Ascot, on which occasions she is afforded the courtesy of treatment as a member of the Royal Family. The Lord Chamberlain's Diamond Jubilee Guidelines mention the Duchess specifically as being a member of the Royal Family in her own right. She was not invited to the 2011 wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, or the weddings of Peter Phillips in 2008 and Zara Phillips in 2011, though she attended the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle. However, she did not receive an invitation to the evening reception at Frogmore House hosted by Prince Charles and was reportedly "deeply upset" by her exclusion.
Personal life after divorce
After her divorce, the British tabloids became critical of Sarah's lifestyle. It was alleged that she lost 250,000 euros worth of jewels in 1995, while travelling with her dresser Jane Andrews, who was suspected of stealing them. The Duchess's commercial interests have included an eleven-year endorsement with Weight Watchers, product development and promotion with Wedgwood and Avon.
Until 2004, the Duke of York and his former wife shared the family's home, Sunninghill Park in Berkshire. That year, the Duke moved to the refurbished Royal Lodge in Windsor Great Park, previously the home of his grandmother, who resided there until her death in 2002. In 2007, the Duchess rented the neighbouring Dolphin House; a fire at Dolphin House in 2008 caused her to vacate the premises and move into Royal Lodge with her former husband.
In 2009, Sarah participated in a much-criticised ITV "experiment" in which she joined families in a council estate to advise them on proper living. She stayed for ten days in Northern Moor, a suburb area in Wythenshawe, Manchester, England, and the result was The Duchess on the Estate, transmitted on ITV1 on 18 August 2009. A previous, similar television venture, The Duchess in Hull, in which Sarah advised lower-income families on diet and behaviour received similar criticism.
In August 2013, Sarah was invited to stay at Balmoral Castle with Andrew and their daughters as guests of the Queen, and in September 2013, in response to a question about the possibility of remarrying Andrew, Sarah said "He’s still my handsome prince, he’ll always be my handsome prince."
Cash for access
In May 2010, Sarah was filmed by the News of the World offering Mazher Mahmood, an undercover reporter posing as an Indian businessman, access to Prince Andrew for £500,000. On the video made as a documentary source for the story, which is publicly available, Sarah is heard to say that "£500,000 when you can, to me, open doors". She is seen taking away a briefcase containing US$40,000 in cash. Exposure surrounding the incident increased Sarah's public profile and notoriety. Sterling Publishers substantially increased the print run of Ashley Learns About Strangers, the Duchess's latest book for children; however, the notoriety did not translate into additional book sales. In an interview with Oprah Winfrey, Sarah explained her behaviour by saying that she had been drinking prior to soliciting the cash, and was "in the gutter at that moment". She also claimed that her intention was initially to help a friend who "needed $38,000 (£28,000) urgently" but she ultimately asked for more money due to her own financial problems.
In November 2016, it was reported that Sarah intended to sue News Group Newspapers (parent company of the News of the World) and its owner Rupert Murdoch for £25 million in damages citing her "loss in earnings" as well as the subsequent "distress" that the media sting brought to her as the main reasons. In January 2018, it was reported that the actual amount the Duchess was seeking was £45 million.
Further debt problems
In March 2011, it was reported that Jeffrey Epstein had helped the Duchess avoid bankruptcy by paying off some of her debts. The payments were reportedly made after intervention from the Duke of York. In the summer of 2011, Finding Sarah aired on the OWN network. One episode of the U.S.-filmed reality series depicted Sarah meeting with Suze Orman, the internationally known financial advisor, receiving from Orman a strict lecture and practical advice on how to resolve her financial issues.
Criminal charges and international arrest warrant
On 13 January 2012, the Ministry of Justice of Turkey issued an international arrest warrant for the Duchess. She had travelled to Turkey in 2008, and covertly filmed a Turkish State Orphanage. The Turkish authorities alleged that the Duchess made a false declaration when entering the country (in relation to her motives for visiting Turkey), trespassed into a Turkish Government institution and also invaded the privacy of children. These charges carry sentences of up to 22 years imprisonment. Turkey and Britain have an extradition treaty; however, Home Office officials have stated,
Under UK extradition law a judge must order the discharge of [an extradition request] if it is not an offence under UK law and in the country requesting extradition. In this case there is no offence in UK law so there will be no extradition.
Turkey maintains that the Duchess distorted information about the orphanage and used an isolated incident in a smear campaign against the Republic of Turkey. Turkey invited international human rights organisations to inspect any orphanage of its choosing to show its transparency in relation to the issue.
On 5 May 2012, the trial began into the charges brought by the Ankara State Prosecutor's office. Cansu Sahin, representing Ferguson, who was not present, told the Ankara court that her client has apologised and would like to plea bargain with the prosecution.
Since her marriage to Prince Andrew, and continuing after the divorce, Sarah has been involved with a number of charities.
In 1990, the Duchess became patron of the Teenage Cancer Trust. Sarah has since opened most of the charity's various units, including those at Middlesex Hospital, University College London, St James's University Hospital, Cardiff University Hospital and Royal Marsden Hospital. In 1993, the Duchess founded Children in Crisis, a children's charity focused on education and grant making to international programmes. The Duchess serves as Founder and Life President. She founded the charity after meeting a young cancer victim named Anya during her visit to Poland in 1992.
In June 1998, the Duchess made a brief trip to Bethesda in order to receive an award from the Journal of Women's Health. She also visited the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center. NIH associate director for communications said, "The Duchess has many opportunities to talk to women via television, at lectures and through print media interviews" and was interested "in learning from NIH scientists what major health messages she should deliver to women, based on the research conducted through NIH." The panelists briefed Sarah on medical research topics and major health messages regarding women. Information was shared on the Women's Health Initiative, obesity, breast cancer, and osteoporosis. Sarah, whose elder daughter Beatrice was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of seven, became a patron of Springboard for Children, a charity that helps students who struggle with reading and writing. Sarah has also described herself as a "a little bit dyslexic".
In 2003, the Duchess joined the American Cancer Society at a congressional briefing. Sarah, Duchess of York, was a founding supporter of the American Cancer Society's Great American Weigh In, an annual campaign (modelled after the Society's Great American Smoke Out) aimed at raising awareness of the link between excess weight and cancer. In 2006, the Duchess established The Sarah Ferguson Foundation based in Toronto, which derives funds from Sarah's commercial work and private donations with the aim of supporting charities internationally that serve children and families in dire need. Included under this umbrella organisation is her patronage and support of several British charities, including Mental Disability Rights International, the African-Caribbean Leukaemia Trust, Tommy's, the Motor Neurone Disease Association, and CARE International. In 2008, the Duchess became patron of Humanitas, a charity focused on providing children with education, healthcare and family support.
In 2010, the Duchess became a supporter of the Mullany Fund, whose aim is to support British students wishing to study medicine or physiotherapy. In 2011, the Duchess became the global ambassador for Not For Sale, a charity focused on human slavery. In 2013, the Duchess, along with her former husband, the Duke of York and their daughters, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, founded Key To Freedom, a business structure for women in vulnerable situations in India who can sell their wares through the British retailer Topshop. In 2014, the Duchess was appointed an ambassador for the Institute of Global Health Innovation at Imperial College London. In 2015, the Duchess revealed her special connection with India & polo when she attended as a chief guest of HVR BARODA CUP in New Delhi, India under the invitation of Harshavardhan Reddy chairman of HVR SPORTS.
In 2016, the Duchess collaborated with British contemporary artist Teddy M and her daughters, Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie, to create the first ever Royal graffiti. The painting, titled Royal Love, was painted on the lawn of Royal Lodge and features graffiti by the Duchess and Princesses. The painting was exhibited in London at the Masterpiece Art Fair, Chelsea in June/July 2016 and later auctioned at private dinner for a five figure sum. The proceeds from the sale of the painting were donated to the charity, Children in Crisis. British GQ magazine published an exclusive on the creation of the painting. In 2017, Sarah was joined by her daughter Eugenie to mark the second anniversary of the Teenage Cancer Trust unit at Alder Hey Children's Hospital.
On the 25th anniversary of Children in Crisis's foundation in 2018, Sarah said that working with this charity "gave her a sense of perspective and purpose during tough times". The Duchess merged her charity foundation with Street Child, an organisation run by Tom Dannatt in Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Sierra Leone, of which Sarah has become a patron, and her daughters, Beatrice and Eugenie, are the ambassadors.
In May 2004, Sarah hosted an eleven-minute production featurette on Universal's DVD Peter Pan, titled The Legacy of Pan. Five months later, Walt Disney Feature Animation released a special DVD The Cat That Looked at a King, with Sarah's voice in the role of the Queen; the story is derived from the Mary Poppins books by P. L. Travers. Sarah had a producing role (credited as "Sarah Ferguson") in the 2009 Jean-Marc Vallée film The Young Victoria, starring Emily Blunt and featured a background player role for Sarah's daughter Princess Beatrice. It was Sarah who conceived the idea for a film based upon the early years of Queen Victoria. She had been interested in the queen since her marriage to Prince Andrew, and had written two books about her with the help of an historian. The Victoria-Albert relationship in particular drew her into the queen's history, as she believed there were parallels between their marriage and her own with Prince Andrew, as they both "fought for their love" in the midst of public scrutiny.
TV and radio
- Health advisor in The Duchess in Hull on ITV1.
- In the United Kingdom:
- Guest editor on BBC Radio 4 Today programme.
- Regular contributor to BBC Radio 2's primetime lifestyle show Steve Wright.
- Previously co-produced and served as presenter in a documentary for BBC television called In Search of the Spirit.
- Hosted an 8-part panel talk show on Britain's SkyOne television in 1998.
- Appeared in an episode of the Vicar of Dibley.
- Travelled to Romania and Turkey for the documentary, Duchess and Daughters: Their Secret Mission, shown on ITV1 on 6 November 2008, investigating poor treatment and conditions in children's institutions in those two countries.
- 5 March 2009 – The Graham Norton Show, BBC Two.
- 18 August 2009 – The Duchess on the Estate, ITV1 (about Northern Moor, Manchester).
- 1 September 2009 – Loose Women, ITV1.
- In the United States:
- Special correspondent to the NBC Today Show, with regular "From the Heart" segments that profile inspiring Americans who make extraordinary contributions to others despite formidable personal obstacles.
- Substitute host for CNN's Larry King Live.
- Substitute host for ABC's The View.
- In May 1998, Sarah appeared as herself in the fourth-season finale of the television show Friends. She was credited as "Sarah, The Duchess of York". Her scene with Matt LeBlanc was filmed on location outside Westminster Abbey.
- Appeared as herself in The Celebrity Apprentice.
- Appeared on The Tyra Banks Show, talking about her work with Weight Watchers and her personal style.
- Appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show on 11 May 2011.
- Appeared on mini-series on OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network, Finding Sarah, in June 2011. Talks about her struggles through life with family and finances.
- Appeared on the fourth season of Project Runway All Stars in 2014.
- Appeared on the NBC Today Show in January 2015.
- The 2006 title of R&B/Hip Hop singer Stacy "Fergie" Ferguson's debut album, The Dutchess (dutchess is a variant spelling of duchess dating to the 17th century) was a reference to the fact that the two are associated with the same surname. According to various media outlets, the Duchess of York called Fergie after the release of her album and remarked: "Fergie, it's Fergie... Now that you've done this, you have to sing at a concert for my foundation, 'Children in Crisis'." Fergie agreed and committed to charity concerts in London and New York City.
- In February 2007, Sarah was named Mother of the Year by the American Cancer Society.
- In June 2018, she received the Humanitarian Award at the Filming Italy Sardegna Festival for her work with Children in Crisis.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 15 October 1959 – 23 July 1986: Miss Sarah Margaret Ferguson
- 23 July 1986 – 30 May 1996: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York
- 30 May 1996 – 21 August 1996: Her Royal Highness Sarah, Duchess of York
- 21 August 1996 – present: Sarah, Duchess of York
Immediately after her divorce she retained the style Her Royal Highness; however on 21 August 1996, letters patent were issued which removed the style from divorced former wives of princes. She remained titled Sarah, Duchess of York, in keeping with the standard form of address for former wives of peers.
- 1991–1995: University of Salford, Chancellor
|Princess Beatrice of York||8 August 1988|
|Princess Eugenie of York||23 March 1990|
Sarah once described her family as "country gentry with a bit of old money". She is descended from both the Stuart and Tudor houses. On her father's side, Sarah is a descendant of King Charles II of England via two of his illegitimate sons, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, and James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth. By her paternal great-great-grandfather Henry Brand, 2nd Viscount Hampden and her maternal great-grandfather Mervyn Wingfield, 8th Viscount Powerscourt, Sarah also descends from Lady Anne Palmer. Lady Anne was the eldest child of Royal mistress Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland; she was acknowledged by King Charles II and adopted the surname Fitzroy.
She has aristocratic ancestry, being the great great-granddaughter of the 6th Duke of Buccleuch, a great-granddaughter of the 8th Viscount Powerscourt and a direct descendant of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn and of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, making her a distant cousin of her former husband Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and also of Diana, Princess of Wales. Her paternal grandmother was Marian Montagu Douglas Scott, a first cousin of Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott, who married Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, an uncle of Queen Elizabeth II.
Sarah also has connections to the United States. Through ancestors of her great-great-grandfather, Mervyn Wingfield, 7th Viscount Powerscourt, Sarah is probably a descendant of Adam Winthrop, grandfather of Massachusetts Bay Colony founder John Winthrop, and is thus connected to the Winthrop Family.
- Budgie the Little Helicopter books and 1994 animated children's television series:
- For young girls:
- Lifestyle books with Weight Watchers:
- 1998, Dieting with The Duchess ISBN 978-0684857459
- 1999, Dining with The Duchess ISBN 978-0684852164
- 2000, Win the Weight Game ISBN 978-0684870786
- 2001, Reinventing Yourself with the Duchess of York ISBN 978-1439146194
- 2002, Energy Breakthrough: Jump-start Your Weight Loss and Feel Great ISBN 978-0743232869
- Little Red series:
- Helping Hand Books:
- 2007, Get Well Soon, Adam ISBN 978-1402774010
- 2007, Lauren's Moving Day ISBN 978-1402773983
- 2007, Healthy Food for Dylan ISBN 978-1402774003
- 2010, Ashley Learns about Strangers ISBN 978-1402773938
- 2010, Emily's First Day of School ISBN 978-1402773921
- 2010, Michael and His New Baby Brother ISBN 978-1402773907
- 2010, Matthew and the Bullies, ISBN 978-1402773914
- 2011, When Katie's Parents Separated ISBN 978-1402773952
- 2011, Zach Gets Some Exercise ISBN 978-1402773990
- 2011, Jacob Goes to the Doctor and Sophie Visits the Dentist ISBN 978-1402773969
- 2011, Molly Makes Friends ISBN 978-1402773976
- 2011, Olivia Says Goodbye to Grandpa ISBN 978-1402773945
- About Queen Victoria:
- 1988, A Guard Within ISBN 978-0394758343
- 1989, Skiing from the Inside: The Self-help Guide to Mastering the Slopes ISBN 978-0671697112
- 1997, My Story (autobiography) ISBN 978-0671004392
- 2003, What I Know Now: Simple Lessons Learned the Hard Way ISBN 978-1416578413
- 2003, Moments. The Duchess published a collection of her photographs in an art book, sold only in Britain, with all proceeds benefiting her UK-based charity, Children in Crisis.
- 2008, Tea for Ruby ISBN 978-1442426337
- 2008, Hartmoor, ISBN 978-1405054126
- 2011, Finding Sarah: A Duchess's Journey to Find Herself ISBN 978-1439189559
- 2012, Ballerina Rosie ISBN 978-1442430679
- Weir, Alison (1996). Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy (Revised ed.). London: Pimlico. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-7126-7448-5.
- "Major Ronald Ferguson dies". BBC News. 17 March 2003. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- Reuters (12 August 1990). "Hector Barrantes, Duchess of York's Stepfather, 51 – Obituary". New York Times. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- Dennis Barker (18 March 2003). "Obituary: Major Ronald Ferguson, UK news". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- DeYoung, Karen (22 July 1986). "Fergie: Bedlam Over the Bride". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- David Banks, Sarah Ferguson, the royal redhead (Dillon Press, 1987), p. 14: "From Daneshill School, she went to a private girls' boarding school called Hurst Lodge."
- Home. "Latest news and profile of Sarah Ferguson". Hello!. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- Cochrane, Kira (24 May 2010). "Why I feel sorry for Sarah Ferguson". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Smith, Terry; Sanderson Healy, Laura (7 April 1986). "Fantastic Fergie". People. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "History – Prince Andrew's wedding (pictures, video, facts & news)". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- "Iconic Weddings – Sarah Ferguson and Prince Andrew". Hello.com. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Royal Engagement Rings". Brilliant Earth. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- "Duchess of York Unharmed After Attempted Attack in New York". AP News Archive. 22 January 1988. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- "Fergie, Andy, L.A. Still Loves You". Los Angeles Times. 14 March 1988. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- Mike Mahoney. "Kings and Queens of England – Princess Beatrice of York". English Monarchs. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
-  Pam Schmid, "Painful Past Long Gone", McClatchy-Tribune News Service, 25 February 2007
- Moseley, Ray (17 April 1996). "Andrew-fergie Union: Another Royal Divorce". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "CNN.com – Royals, Part 3: Troubled times – 3 June 2002". CNN. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "1992: Fergie and Andrew split". BBC News. 19 March 1992.
- "From outcast to US princess: Fergie at 40". BBC News. 15 October 1999. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- Alderson, Andrew (7 August 2010). "Revealed: how the Duchess of York was led to the brink of ruin". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Charles abandoned me – Fergie". BBC News. 16 October 1999. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- Adam, Karla (25 May 2010). "Will Sarah Ferguson's fall from royal favor be permanent this time?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Greene, Leonard (2 June 2010). "Broke Fergie admits princess complex". The New York Post. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Alderson, Andrew; Mendick, Robert (29 May 2010). "Duchess of York's divorce settlement was worth £3 million". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Glauber, Bill (17 April 1996). "Now Fergie gets to walk royal plank Party's over: Attorneys in London announce divorce of Prince Andrew and Sarah, ending their nearly 10-year marriage". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "No. 54510". The London Gazette. 30 August 1996. p. 11603.
- Rayner, Gordon (19 June 2015). "Duchess of York completes reconciliation with Royal family as she curtseys to the Queen at Ascot". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- "The Royal Family" (PDF). royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "Use of the Royal Arms". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
- "Royal wedding: Couple invite 1,900 guests". BBC News. 20 February 2011.
- Brean, Joseph (10 May 2018). "Sarah, Duchess of York 'deeply upset' over snub from 'inner sanctum' royal wedding party". National Post.
- Stubley, Peter. "Jane Andrews: Naked Ambition". Court News UK.
- Braid, Mary; Ward, Vicky (19 January 1996). "Fergie, debt, and the bank that can't say no". The Independent. London. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- Bruni, Frank (10 December 2009). "Not Quite a Royal, but Still in Need of Those Royalties". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Wolf, Jeanne (13 December 2009). "The Duchess of York Makes Amends". Parade.com. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York". The Mullany Fund. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Duchess of York Sarah Ferguson Stays in Northern Moor Council Estate to Promote Community Spirit". Sky News. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- Banks-Smith, Nancy (20 May 2008). "Last night's TV: The Duchess in Hull". The Guardian. London.
- Wilson, Christopher (12 August 2013). "Her Majesty requests... the presence of Fergie". The Telegraph. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- Furness, Hannah (29 September 2013). "Duchess of York hints of remarriage to Prince Andrew and says 'he'll always be my prince.'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- "From Kubrick to Cowell: Panama Papers expose offshore dealings of the stars". The Guardian. 6 April 2016.
- Gray, Sadie (23 May 2010). "Duchess of York 'devastated' by tabloid sting". The Times. UK. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- "Duchess of York 'wanted cash for Prince Andrew access'". BBC. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- "Duchess of York – Debt Swallowing Fergie?". National Ledger. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- "Ferguson Drinking Admission – Fergie 'In the Gutter' on Video". National Ledger. 1 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- "'Out of control' Sarah Ferguson tells Oprah she needed money to help out friend". Hello!. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Davies, Caroline (20 November 2016). "Duchess of York seeks £25m damages over Mazher Mahmood sting". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Rawlinson, Kevin (21 January 2018). "Sarah Ferguson claims £45m in damages from Murdoch's News Group". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- Alderson, Andrew (7 August 2010). "The Duchess of York faces bankruptcy over her £5m debts". The Sunday Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
- Percival, Jenny (8 August 2010). "Sarah Ferguson faces bankruptcy after running up debts of millions". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- Rayner, Gordon (6 March 2011). "Duke of York 'appealed to Jeffrey Epstein to help Duchess pay debt'". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Stanley, Alessandra (9 June 2011). "You Can Feel Her Pain". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Fergie Charged Over Turkish Documentary". Sky News. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Rayner, Gordon (13 January 2012). "Duchess of York evades extradition over TV row". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Duchess of York cancels U.S. trip, raises questions - CNN.com". CNN. 17 January 2012.
- Wardrop, Murray (16 January 2012). "Turkish government presses ahead with case against Duchess of York despite extradition doubts". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Fergie scrambles over doco charge". News.com.au. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Duchess of York on trial for filming orphanages in Turkey". News Track India. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Patrons". Teenage Cancer Trust. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Our Trustees, Presidents and Patrons". Children in Crisis. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Ferguson, Sarah (13 July 2018). "Sarah Ferguson: Street Child can take the work I started 25 years ago to even more children". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- Roa, Gregory (28 July 1998). "Fergie Gets Royal Treatment at NIH". National Institutes of Health. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Princess Beatrice 'has dyslexia'". BBC. 22 March 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "The American Cancer Society's Great American Weigh In". American Cancer Society. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "The Sarah Ferguson Foundation". The Sarah Ferguson Foundation. 23 September 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Sarah, Duchess of York". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Patrons". Humanitas. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "About Us". The Mullany Fund. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "CONFIRMED: The Duchess of York will Speak at the Global Forum". Not for Sale. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014.
- "Duchess of York on food fight". TV3.ie – Xposé Entertainment. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Potempa, Philip (2 May 2015). "Royal subjects: Duchess of York Sarah Ferguson opens up about life outside of castle walls". nwitimes.com. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Bhatial, Saloni (14 November 2015). "Asharaje Gaekwad hosts HVR Baroda Cup Polo tournament at the Jaipur Polo Grounds in Delhi". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Quilty-Harper, Conrad (3 June 2016). "Teddy M on The Creation of 'Royal Love' with The Duchess of York and Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie". GQ Magazine. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- Victoria Howard. "Teenage Cancer Trust unit celebrates 2nd birthday with Eugenie & Sarah". The Crown Chronicles. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
- Prynn, Jonathan (13 July 2018). "Sarah Ferguson hails 25 years of Children in Crisis charity: 'It saved my life'". MSN UK. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- Bruni, Frank (10 December 2009). "Duchess of York as Film Producer". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Jordan, Mary (20 December 2009). "With her film 'The Young Victoria,' Sarah Ferguson reinvents herself yet again". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- "Sarah Ferguson & Steve Wright". BBC. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Duchess in search of the spirit". BBC. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Duchess of York 'devastated' after newspaper sting". The Independent. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "WikiLeaks cables: We can't control Duchess of York, David Miliband told angry Turks". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "BBC Two – The Graham Norton Show, Series 5, Episode 1". BBC. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Sarah Ferguson's documentary is a very poor show". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Loose Women: Weekday Lunchtimes ITV 1". TV Forum. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Interview With Sarah Ferguson". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Friends: The One With Ross's Wedding (1)". TV.com. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Sarah Ferguson set for US Apprentice". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Sarah Ferguson tells Oprah Winfrey: 'Diana and I both weren't there'". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, Comes to Own: The Oprah Winfrey Network in a Six Part Series 'Finding Sarah'". The Futon Critic. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- "'Project Runway All Stars' Season 4: The Designers Meet Sarah Ferguson In London, Benjamin Is Eliminated In Ep. 5 Recap 'Designing For The Duchess'". Fashion Times. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Sarah Ferguson pauses from juicer promotion to defend Prince Andrew". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- ""Dutchess" And "Duchess" Once More". The New York Times. 23 September 1899.
- Beggy, Carol; Shanahan, Mark (16 November 2006). "Clarke takes a pass on 'Game Plan' shot – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- "Ferguson to be named Mother of the Year by cancer society". Online Athens. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Sarah Ferguson [@SarahTheDuchess] (16 June 2018). "So honoured and humbled to receive the Humanitarian Filming Italy Sardegna Award" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Ferguson, Sarah (2011). Finding Sarah: A Duchess's Journey to Find Herself. New York: Atria Books. pp. 234–235. ISBN 9781439189566.
I had become Princess Andrew and the Duchess of York, as well as the Countess of Inverness and the Baroness of Killyleagh
- "It's Not Easy Keeping Titles Straight – Just Ask 'Fergie'". Los Angeles Times. 24 July 1986. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
Thus the former Miss Ferguson, as wife of the Duke of York, becomes the Duchess of York and could also be known as the Countess of Inverness and Baroness Killyleagh.
- Maclagan, Michael; Louda, Jiří (1999). Line of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe. London: Little, Brown & Co. p. 31. ISBN 1-85605-469-1.
- Crofts Peerage, Powerscourt, Viscount (I, 1743) Archived 27 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Crofts Peerage, Leicester, Earl of (UK, 1837) Archived 4 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Crofts Peerage, Sussex, Earl of (E, 1674–1715)
- Crofts Peerage, Dacre, Baron (E, 1321)
- Roberts, Gary Boyd (June 1986). "Notable Kin: American Connections of Miss Sarah Ferguson". americanancestors.org. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sarah, Duchess of York.|
The Duke of Edinburgh
| Chancellor of the University of Salford
Professor Sir Walter Bodmer