Sarah Amherst

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Sarah Amherst
Countess of Plymouth
Countess Amherst
Portrait of Sarah Windsor Amherst by British artist Thomas Lawrence
Spouse(s)Other Windsor, 5th Earl of Plymouth
William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst
IssueOther Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth
Lady Maria Windsor
Harriet Windsor-Clive, 13th Baroness Windsor
Sarah Elizabeth Hay-Williams
Hon. Jeffrey Amherst
William Amherst, 2nd Earl Amherst
Hon. Frederick Campbell Amherst
FatherAndrew Archer, 2nd Baron Archer
MotherSarah West

Sarah Amherst, Countess Amherst (née Archer, later Sarah Windsor, Countess of Plymouth; 1762–1838), credited as Sarah Amherst, was a British naturalist and botanist who lived in India. She identified several species which were named after her, including a variety of pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae) and a flowering tree (Amherstia nobilis).[1][2][3]

Marriages and issue[edit]

Her parents were Andrew Archer, 2nd Baron Archer, and Sarah West, daughter of James West. She was married to her first cousin Other Windsor, 5th Earl of Plymouth, from 1778 until his death in 1799. They had the following children:

Her second husband was William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst. Their children were:


  1. ^ "Monday Morning Muse: Sarah Hickman Amherst". Mead Musings: inspired by the collection of the Mead Art Museum at Amherst College. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  2. ^ Hooker, Sir William Jackson (1 July 1849). "Amherstia Nobilis". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 75. Reeve Brothers: 158–162.
  3. ^ "Amherstia Nobilis". The Illustrated London News. 4 April 1857. p. 306. Retrieved 1 August 2018. The tree was first brought into notice by Lady Sarah Amherst, a great promoter of botanical science in India. Lord Amherst spent five years in that country, and made an excursion to the Himalaya mountains, at the foot of which they discovered these rare trees.