Sarah Amherst, Countess Amherst (née Archer, later Sarah Windsor, Countess of Plymouth; 1762–1838), credited as Sarah Amherst, was a British naturalist and botanist who lived in India. She identified several species which were named after her, including a variety of pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae) and a flowering tree (Amherstia nobilis).
Marriages and issue
Her parents were Andrew Archer, 2nd Baron Archer, and Sarah West, daughter of James West. She was married to her first cousin Other Windsor, 5th Earl of Plymouth, from 1778 until his death in 1799. They had the following children:
- Other Archer Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth (1789–1833);
- Lady Maria Windsor (1790–1855), who married Arthur Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire;
- Harriet Windsor-Clive, 13th Baroness Windsor (1797–1869), who married the Hon. Robert Clive.
Her second husband was William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst. Their children were:
- Lady Sarah Elizabeth Pitt Amherst (1801–1876), who married Sir John Hay-Williams, 2nd Baronet;
- Hon. Jeffrey Amherst (1802–1826);
- William Pitt Amherst, 2nd Earl Amherst (1805–1886);
- Hon. Frederick Campbell Amherst (1807–1829).
- "Monday Morning Muse: Sarah Hickman Amherst". Mead Musings: inspired by the collection of the Mead Art Museum at Amherst College. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- Hooker, Sir William Jackson (1 July 1849). "Amherstia Nobilis". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. Reeve Brothers. 75: 158–162.
- "Amherstia Nobilis". The Illustrated London News. 4 April 1857. p. 306. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
The tree was first brought into notice by Lady Sarah Amherst, a great promoter of botanical science in India. Lord Amherst spent five years in that country, and made an excursion to the Himalaya mountains, at the foot of which they discovered these rare trees.
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