Sarah Martin (1791 – 15 October 1843) was a prison visitor and philanthropist. She was born at Great Yarmouth; and lived in nearby Caister. She earned her living by dressmaking, and devoted much of her time amongst criminals in the Tolhouse Gaol in Great Yarmouth.
Born in June 1791, her father was a local tradesman. Orphaned at an early age, she was raised by her grandmother, a glovemaker. At the age of fourteen, she was apprenticed to a dressmaker in Yarmouth. After a religious conversion at the age of nineteen, she began to teach Sunday school.
After this she began to provide comfort for those in the workhouse infirmary. Every Monday for seven years, she provided educational instruction to the workhouse children. Eventually a schoolroom was constructed in the yard. In 1838, when a new workhouse was built, a master and schoolmistress were appointed a regular provision made for instruction. She then directed her attention to teaching factory girls at the chancel of St. Nicholas Church.
She took an interest in the prisoners' welfare and began visiting the gaol in 1818. At first she read the bible to prisoners, later she began to hold Sunday services to inspire the inmates to improve their lives. Martin offered practical help alongside spiritual advice and taught them how to read and write as well as make items like spoons and books, which they sold. The prisoners were able to develop a sense of purpose and pride, using their earnings to buy clothes.
After becoming very ill Sarah Martin died on 15 October 1843 and was buried at Holy Trinity, Caister-on-Sea. Sarah Martin's monument can be found at the Parish church of St. Nicholas in Great Yarmouth.
A collection of her poems entitled Selections from the Poetical Remains of Miss S. Martin was published in 1845.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- Macaulay, James. "Sarah Martin, the Yarmouth Prison-Visitor", Queen Victoria and other excellent women, London, The Religious Tract Society, 1904, p. 101 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Caister-on-Sea, Holy Trinity Church". BritainExpress. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- Henry Gardiner Adams (ed) MARTIN, SARAH, A cyclopaedia of female biography 1857. pp. 515-522