Sarah Tyson Rorer

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Sarah Tyson Rorer
Sarah Tyson Rorer 1898.png
BornOctober 18, 1849
DiedDecember 27, 1937
OccupationDietitian, food writer

Sarah Tyson Rorer (18 October 1849 – 27 December 1937) was an American food writer and pioneer in the field of domestic science. Rorer has been described as the first American dietitian.[1][2][3]


She was born at Richboro, Pennsylvania, daughter of Charles Tyson Heston, a pharmacist, and Elizabeth Sagers.[4] Rorer received her early education in East Aurora, New York, and was educated in cooking at the New Century School of Cookery, Philadelphia. After she completed school, she herself became a teacher of cooking and dietetics at the New Century Club.[5] In 1884 she founded the Philadelphia School of Cookery. In the course of her career, Mrs. Rorer gave many cooking exhibitions, some of them at the Pennsylvania Chautauqua. She was President of the women's auxiliary board of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua. Her most famous demonstrations were at the St. Louis World's Fair of 1904, where she was director and manager of the East and West pavilions.[6]

She was editor and part owner of Table Talk from 1886 to 1892, was an editor of Household News from 1893 to 1897, then was a member of the staff of the Ladies Home Journal until 1911 when Good Housekeeping secured her services. She was a director of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua School of Domestic Science.[7]

Rorer was not a vegetarian but she did author a successful vegetarian cookbook, Mrs. Rorer's Vegetable Cookery and Meat Substitutes which illustrated how to cook three meatless meals a day.[8]

In 1871, she married William Albert Rorer, from whom she separated around 1896. They had three children. Two boys survived them.[6][7] She died at her home in Colebrook, Pennsylvania.

Selected publications[edit]

Mrs. Rorer's Vegetable Cookery and Meat Substitutes, 1909

Rorer published many books on cooking which became standard. Among her publications were:

  • Philadelphia Cook Book (1886)
  • Hot Weather Dishes (1888)
  • Home Candy Making (1889)
  • How to Cook Vegetables (1891)
  • Twenty Quick Soups (1894)[9]
  • New Salads for Dinners, Luncheons, Suppers and Receptions, with a Group of Odd Salads and some Ceylon Salads (1897)
  • Made Over Dishes (1898)
  • Mrs. Rorer's New Cook Book (1902)
  • Mrs. Rorer's Every Day Menu Book (1905)
  • Many Ways of Cooking Eggs (1907)
  • My Best 250 Recipes (1907)[10]
  • Mrs. Rorer's Vegetable Cookery and Meat Substitutes (1909)[11]
  • Dainties (1912)[12]
  • Diet for the Sick (1914)
  • How to Use a Chafing Dish
  • Colonial Cookery
  • A Book on Diet and Cookery


  1. ^ Weigley, Emma Seifrit. (1980). Sarah Tyson Rorer: first American dietitian?. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 77 (1): 11-15.
  2. ^ Winterfeldt, Esther A; Bogle, Margaret L; Ebro, Lea L. (2011). Dietetics: Practice and Future Trends. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7637-7662-6 "Sarah Tyson Rorer has been credited as the first American dietitian."
  3. ^ Payne-Palacio, June R; Canter, Deborah D. (2014). The Profession of Dietetics: A Team Approach. Jones & Bartlett Learning . p. 9. ISBN 978-1-284-02608-5 "The first American dietitian is considered to be Sarah Tyson Rorer (1849—1937)."
  4. ^ "Sarah Tyson Rorer". Feeding America; the Historic American Cookbook Project. Michigan State University. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  5. ^ Spector, Gus (2006). Philadelphia: Historic Exteriors and Interiors. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 89. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b The National cyclopedia of American biography, vol. 16. J. T. White & Company. 1918. p. 232.
  7. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Rorer, Sarah Tyson" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  8. ^ Shprintzen, Adam D. (2013). The Vegetarian Crusade: The Rise of an American Reform Movement, 1817-1921. University of North Carolina Press. pp. 137-138. ISBN 978-1-4696-0891-4
  9. ^ Twenty Quick Soups by Sarah Tyson Rorer Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine,
  10. ^ My Best 250 Recipes by Sarah Tyson Rorer Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine,
  11. ^ Vegetable cooking and meat substitutes by Sarah Tyson Rorer Archived 1 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine,
  12. ^ Dainties by Sarah Tyson Rorer Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine,

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]