Saraiki people

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Total population
22 million[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
 United Kingdom30,000
Predominantly Sunni Islam Minority Hinduism, Christianity and Sikhism

The Saraikis (Saraiki: سرائیکی قوم‎, Gurmukhi: ਸਰਾਇਕੀ ਕੌਮ), are an ethnolinguistic group in central and southeastern Pakistan, primarily southern Punjab. Their language is Saraiki.[2] The Saraiki people did not see themselves as a distinct ethnic group until the 1960s.[3] An Islamic identity formed the basis of the majority community's group consciousness for centuries prior to the establishment of Pakistan.[3]

Saraiki camel rider

The Saraiki people follow many religions, though most are predominantly followers of Islam. A small minority of Saraikis follow Hinduism, Christianity and Sikhism. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947,[4] many Hindus and Sikhs migrated [5] to India where they are known as Multanis, Derawalis and Bhawalpuris.[6]

Seraiki culture consists of Neeli Ajrak (Blue Ajrak), Jhumar danceform (also performed in Punjab)[7] and cameleering.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Saraiki". Ethnologue.
  2. ^ Minahan, James (2012). Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 283. ISBN 9781598846591.
  3. ^ a b Minahan, James (2012). Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598846591.
  4. ^ Aslam Rasoolpuri, Siraiki Qumi Sawal
  5. ^ Dalrymple, William. "The Mutual Genocide of Indian Partition". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  6. ^ Bhatia, Tej K.; Ritchie, William C. (2008-04-15). The Handbook of Bilingualism. John Wiley & Sons. p. 803. ISBN 9780470756744.
  7. ^ "Jhumar Dance - Folk Dance Performed on Marriage Ceremonies by Men". 2015-08-29. Retrieved 2020-12-24.

External links[edit]