Saraiki people

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Total population
20 million[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan20,000,000[citation needed]
Predominantly Sunni Islam Minority Hinduism, Christianity and Sikhism

The Saraikis (Saraiki: سرائیکی قوم‎), also known as Multanis in India,[1] are an ethnolinguistic group in central and southeastern Pakistan, primarily southern Punjab. Their language is Saraiki.[2] Saraiki people did not see themselves as a distinct ethnic group until the 1960s.[3] An Islamic identity formed the basis of the majority community's group consciousness for centuries prior to the establishment of Pakistan.[3]

Saraiki camel rider

The Saraiki people follow many religions, though most are predominantly followers of Islam. A small minority of Saraikis follow Hinduism, Christianity and Sikhism . After the independence of Pakistan in 1947,[4] most of the Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bhatia, Tej K.; Ritchie, William C. (2008-04-15). The Handbook of Bilingualism. John Wiley & Sons. p. 803. ISBN 9780470756744.
  2. ^ Minahan, James. Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 283. ISBN 9781598846591.
  3. ^ a b Minahan, James (2012). Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598846591.
  4. ^ Aslam Rasoolpuri, Siraiki Qumi Sawal

External links[edit]