||It has been suggested that this article be merged with Saraiki nationalism. (Discuss) Proposed since November 2014.|
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|Time zone||PKT (UTC+5)|
|Other languages||Pashto, Baluchi|
Saraikistan (Saraiki: سرائیکستان) or Saraika (سرائیکہ) is a name coined by the Saraikistan Movement to denote a proposed administrative province of Pakistan comprising areas in central Pakistan historically associated with speakers of the Saraiki dialect of Western Punjabi (i.e., north Sindh, southern part of Punjab, south Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and north-east Balochistan).
Today, millions of people from North Sindh, South Punjab, and Eastern Balochistan province speak Saraiki.
The first national census of Pakistan to gather data on the prevalence of Saraiki was the census of 1981. In that year, the percentage of respondents nationwide reporting Saraiki as their native language was 9.83. In the census of 1998, it was 10.53 out of a national population of 132 million, for a figure of 13.9 million Saraiki speakers resident in Pakistan. Also according to the 1998 census, 12.8 million of those, or 92%, lived in the province of Punjab. Following is the distribution of Saraiki in the four provinces of Pakistan:
|Multan||Dadu||Dera Ismail Khan||Jafarabad|
|Dera Ghazi Khan||Jacobabad||Bannu||Jhal Magsi|
|Lodhran||Naushahro Feroze||Musa Khel (as second language)|
- Roh: means mountains, referred to the Sulaiman Mountains in Dera Ghazi Khan, Rajanpur, Barkhan, Musa khel, Tank, Bannu districts and Daroug, Rakni areas
- Rohi: Cholistan Desert in Bahawalpur, Rahim yar khan
- Thal: Thal Desert in Layyah, and Muzaffargarh districts
- Daamaan: meaning the foothills, referred to the foothills of Sulaiman Mountains Dera Ghazi Khan. It may also referred to the plain areas around Multan Kashmore, Ghotki, Sukhar, Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Larkana, Naushahro feroz, Qambar shahdadkot, Dadu, Jafferabad, Naseerabad Jhalmagsi Sibi, and Kherpur districts. Saraikistan is the geographical location of saraiki Nation.
Divisions and districts
(August 14, 2014)
|4||Dera Ghazi Khan||Dera Ghazi Khan||11,922||2,043,118||138|
|5||Dera Ismail Khan||Dera Ismail Khan||7326||1,939,000||116||6||Jhang||Jhang||8,809||2,834,545||322|
|15||Rahim Yar Khan||Rahim Yar Khan||11,880||3,141,053||264|
|19||Toba Tek Singh||Toba Tek Singh||3,252||1,621,593||499|
- Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
- Ghazi University D.G.Khan, D.G.Khan
- The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
- Sargodha Medical College, Sargodha
- University of Sargodha, Sargodha
- Akhuwat University, Dera Ghazi Khan
- Swidish University, Rahim Yar Khan
Most areas in Saraikistan experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in.
The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s the weather pattern has been irregular. The spring monsoon has either skipped over the area or has caused it to rain so hard that floods have resulted. June and July are oppressively hot. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46 °C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51 °C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. Heat records were broken in Multan in June 1993, when the mercury was reported to have risen to 54 °C. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October
The population of Saraikistan (Pakistan) is estimated to be 97.21% Muslim with a Sunni Hanafi majority and Shia Ithna 'ashariyah minority. The largest non-Muslim minority is Christians and make up 2.31% of the population. The other minorities include Ahmedi, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Bahá'í.[dead link]
Punjab has been the cradle of civilization since times immemorial. The ruins of Harappa show an advanced urban culture that flourished over 8000 years ago. Taxila, another historic landmark also stands out as a proof of the achievements of the area in learning, arts and crafts. The ancient Hindu Katasraj temple and the Salt Range temples are regaining attention and much-needed repair.
Arts and crafts
The crafts in the Punjab are of two types: the crafts produced in the rural areas and the royal crafts.
- Saraiki province: a bone of contention for many. Changepk.com
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saraikistan.|