Saralasin

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Saralasin
Saralasin.png
Names
IUPAC name
(2S)-2-[[(2S)-1-[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[(2S)-5-(diaminomethylideneamino)-2-[[2-(methylamino)acetyl]amino]pentanoyl]amino]-3-methylbutanoyl]amino]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoyl]amino]-3-methylbutanoyl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)propanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]amino]propanoic acid
Other names
Sar-Arg-Val-Tyr-Val-His-Pro-Ala
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
UNII
Properties
C42H65N13O10
Molar mass 912.05 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Saralasin is a partial agonist of angiotensin II receptors, though it is commonly mistaken as a competitive antagonist. Saralasin's distinction as a partial agonist is based on the fact that its therapeutic effect (i.e. reduced hypertension) is only observed in patients with high plasma angiotensin II levels, but in patients with low angiotensin II levels Saralasin causes hypertension. In other words, the effects of Saralasin on the angiotensin II receptor in the absence of angiotensin II is pharmacodynamically similar to angiotensin II itself thus it is a partial agonist, because if it was an antagonist it would not elicit an effect when bound to its receptor. Saralasin is an angiotensin II analogue, containing sarcosine-1 and alanine-8, hence the name (sarcosine, alanine, angiotensin).

External links[edit]

  • Saralasin at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  • Olsson M, Annerbrink K, Hedner J, Eriksson E (2004). "Intracerebroventricular administration of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist saralasin reduces respiratory rate and tidal volume variability in freely moving Wistar rats.". Psychoneuroendocrinology. 29 (1): 107–12. PMID 14575733. doi:10.1016/S0306-4530(02)00147-6. 
  • Ip S, Tsang S, Wong T, Che C, Leung P (2003). "Saralasin, a nonspecific angiotensin II receptor antagonist, attenuates oxidative stress and tissue injury in cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis.". Pancreas. 26 (3): 224–9. PMID 12657946. doi:10.1097/00006676-200304000-00003. 
  • Tsang S, Ip S, Wong T, Che C, Leung P (2003). "Differential effects of saralasin and ramiprilat, the inhibitors of renin-angiotensin system, on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis.". Regul Pept. 111 (1–3): 47–53. PMID 12609748. doi:10.1016/S0167-0115(02)00226-4.