Saramati is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale) from the 20th melakarta scale Natabhairavi. It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes) in the descending scale.
Structure and Lakshana
Saramati is an asymmetric rāgam that does not contain panchamam or rishabham in the descending scale. It is a combination of the sampurna raga scale Natabhairavi and pentatonic scale Hindolam. It is an sampurna-audava rāgam (or owdava rāgam, meaning pentatonic descending scale). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:
The notes used in this scale are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, sadharana gandharam, panchamam, shuddha dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham in ascending scale, with panchamam and rishabham dropped in descending scale. For the details of the notations and terms, see swaras in Carnatic music.
A few compositions have been set to Saramati rāgam. A popular kriti composed in it is Mokshamugalada by Tyagaraja. Music composer Ilaiyaraaja has set the Tyagaraja krithi "Mari Mari Ninne" to this Raga, even though the actual krithi is in the raga Kambhoji.
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
- Hindolam has a symmetric pentatonic scale, with the notes same as the descending scale of Saramati. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S G2 M1 D1 N2 S : S N2 D1 M1 G2 S
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
- Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras