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A Saranjam is a non-hereditary grant of land for maintenance of troops or for military service found among the Maratha community in Maharashtra and the former Maratha occupied regions of India, including territories in present-day Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. The grant was bestowed by a king or regional ruler.[1] The Saranjam system is related to the Jagir system. The land was mostly in the form of a rural Watan (rights given in reward for previous service or merit) or Jagir, its owner being entitled to extract revenue from the villages included in the area. Saranjamdar was the title given to the landlord or holder of a Saranjam. Usually it was bestowed on that person for heroic deeds in the military field, thus most Saranjamdars were former military officers.[2]

Political Saranjam[edit]

Rajaram Bhonsle (1670 – 1700) adopted the Saranjam system as a political measure to ensure the loyalty of key persons to the side of the Maratha Empire. Later under the Peshwa the system would become hereditary, being liable to be partitioned as well.[3]

In British India there were also certain estates which were rendered as Political Saranjams, having equal status with the princely states.[4]

Maratha Saranjams[edit]

There were some Saranjams held by Maratha clans such as Gaikwad, Pawar and Shinde who retained their Jagirs and erected themselves as kings after the defeat at Panipat.[5]

1.Bhoite Saranjamdar;

2.Shinde Saranjamdar; Malangaon, Mhaishal and Mallewadi.

3.Dabhade Saranjamdar;

4.Gharge-Desai (Deshmukh) Shirol Saranjamdar;

5. Wagh Saranjamdar;

6.Pawar Saranjamdar;

7.Dhamdhere Saranjamdar;

8.Gaikwad Saranjamdar.

9.Dubal Saranjamdar Dhulgaon,(Dubal)sarkar saranjamdar Gundavadi(miraj)

10. Ghatge Sarkar, Zhunjarrao Saranjamdar of Kumathe Sansthan, Tal. Tasgaon, Dist. Sangli.

11.Jadhav Desai sarkar Chinchli, Soundatti (b),Raibag (Karnataka)

12.Mane sarkar of Mhaswad.

13.Mane Deshmukh Velapur,Solapur

Shinde Saramjamdar of Malangaon[edit]

Shrimant Jayaji Raoji Shinde was the first who was saramjamdar of Malangaon, Kavathe-Mahankal taluk, Sangli district. White soil fort was his work center. This saramjam was received from Adilshah of Bijapur, later on Jayaji refused to work under him. He bravely fought against the Bijapur Sultanate. He captured the huge area from Adil Shah.[6] As this area was near to Karnataka border he faced lot of from Adil Shah of Bijapur till death. Bajaji his son was brave too; he captured 52 villages around the area of Malangaon saramjam. He situated the village around his White Fort. This saranjam was big at that time. This is the history obtained from the Khatedari of Navghar. Shrimant Ramchandra Dada Shinde was the last saramjamdar of Malangaon. Following are the relatives:

  • 1)Pol Sarkar of Savlaj
  • 2)Deshmukh of Atpadi
  • 3)Deshmukh of Kasegaon(Solapur)
  • 4)Mohite of Talbhid (Satara)
  • 5)Chavan Sarkar of Daphalapur
  • 6)Nimbalkar Sarkar of Nanadi(Karnataka)
  • 7)Pawar of Dhar(M.P)
  • 8)Dhumal of Veer (Pune)
  • 9)Dubal Sarkar (Karad)&(Gundavadi)
  • 10)Ghorpade Sarkar of Mudhole (Karnataka)
  • 11)Desai Sarkar of Athani (Karnataka)
  • 12)Gharge Dasai of Shirol
  • 13)Desai of Shipur
  • 14)Pol Sarkar of Tisangi
  • 15)Desai Sarkar of Soundtti Raibag Santosh Yuvraj Desai Sarkar(Karanataka)
  • 16)Naik-Nimbalkar Sarkar M.Sangon Kagal
  • 17)naik-Nimbalkar Sarkar Nipani(Karnataka)

Related titles[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ V.K. Agnihotri ed., Indian History: Objective Questions and Historical Maps, Allied Publishers. pg. 330
  2. ^ Stewart Gordon, The Marathas 1600-1818, Volume 2, pg. 111
  3. ^ Jaswant Lal Mehta, Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813, pg. 43
  4. ^ Govindlal Dalsukhbhai Patel (1957). The land problem of reorganized Bombay state. N. M. Tripathi. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Shiri Ram Bakshi & Om Prakash Ralhan, Madhya Pradesh Through the Ages, Sarup & Sons, 2008 ISBN 81-7625-806-7, ISBN 978-81-7625-806-7, Page 298
  6. ^ Krishnaji Nageshrao Chitnis, Medieval Indian History, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2003, ISBN 81-7156-062-8, ISBN 978-81-7156-062-2 page 168

External links[edit]