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A Saranjam is grant of land (initially non-hereditary) for maintenance of troops or for military service found among the Maratha community in Maharashtra and the former Maratha occupied regions of India, including territories in present-day Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. The grant was bestowed by a king or regional ruler .[1] of a princely state

The Saranjam system may be a form of to the Jagir (feudatory estate) system. The land was mostly in the form of a rural Watan (rights given in reward for previous service or merit) or Jagir, its owner being entitled to extract revenue from the villages included in the territory.

Saranjamdar was the title given to the landlord or holder of a Saranjam. Usually it was bestowed on that person for heroic deeds in the military field, thus most Saranjamdars were former military officers.[2] He may be a jagirdar, always ranking as a vassal.

Political Saranjam[edit]

Rajaram Bhonsle (1670 – 1700) adopted the Saranjam system as a political measure to ensure the loyalty of key persons to the side of the Maratha Empire. Later under the Peshwa the system would become hereditary, being liable to be partitioned as well.[3]

In British India there were also certain estates which were rendered as Political Saranjams, having equal status with the princely states.[4]

Maratha Saranjams[edit]

There were some Saranjams held by Maratha clans such as Gaikwad, Pawar[disambiguation needed] and Shinde who retained their Jagirs and erected themselves as kings after the defeat at Panipat.[5]

  1. Bhoite Saranjamdar;
  2. Shinde Saranjamdar; Malangaon, Mhaishal and Mallewadi.
  3. Dabhade Saranjamdar;
  4. Gharge-Desai (Deshmukh) Shirol Saranjamdar;
  5. Wagh Saranjamdar;
  6. Pawar[disambiguation needed] Saranjamdar;
  7. Dhamdhere Saranjamdar;
  8. Gaikwad Saranjamdar.
  9. Dubal[disambiguation needed] Saranjamdar Dhulgaon,(Dubal)sarkar saranjamdar Gundavadi(miraj)
  10. Ghatge Sarkar, Zhunjarrao Saranjamdar of Kumathe Sansthan, Tal. Tasgaon, Dist. Sangli.
  11. Jadhav Desai sarkar Chinchli, Soundatti (b), Raibag (Karnataka)
  12. Mane[disambiguation needed] sarkar of Mhaswad.
  13. Mane[disambiguation needed] Deshmukh Velapur, Solapur

Shinde Saramjamdar of Malangaon[edit]

Shrimant Jayaji Raoji Shinde was the first who was saramjamdar of Malangaon, Kavathe-Mahankal taluk, Sangli district. White soil fort was his work center. This saramjam was received from Adilshah of Bijapur, later on Jayaji refused to work under him. He bravely fought against the Bijapur Sultanate. He captured the huge area from Adil Shah.[6] As this area was near to Karnataka border he faced lot of from Adil Shah of Bijapur till death. Bajaji his son was brave too; he captured 52 villages around the area of Malangaon saramjam. He situated the village around his White Fort. This saranjam was big at that time. This is the history obtained from the Khatedari of Navghar. Shrimant Ramrao Dada Shinde was the last saramjamdar of Malangaon.

Following are the relatives:
  • 1)Pol Sarkar of Savlaj
  • 2)Deshmukh of Atpadi
  • 3)Deshmukh of Kasegaon(Solapur)
  • 4)Mohite of Talbhid (Satara)
  • 5)Chavan Sarkar of Daphalapur
  • 6)Nimbalkar Sarkar of Nanadi(Karnataka)
  • 7)Pawar of Dhar(M.P)
  • 8)Dhumal of Veer (Pune)
  • 9)Dubal Sarkar (Karad)&(Gundavadi)
  • 10)Ghorpade Sarkar of Mudhole (Karnataka)
  • 11)Desai Sarkar of Athani (Karnataka)
  • 12)Gharge Dasai of Shirol
  • 13)Desai of Shipur
  • 14)Pol Sarkar of Tisangi
  • 15)Desai Sarkar of Soundtti Raibag Santosh Yuvraj Desai Sarkar(Karanataka)
  • 16)Naik-Nimbalkar Sarkar M.Sangon Kagal
  • 17)naik-Nimbalkar Sarkar Nipani(Karnataka)
  • 18)Desai of Marali (Patan, Satara)

Desai sarkar of Chinchli[edit]

The word Chinchali was derived from Chintapur, the Sanskrit word which means place of forests. Before 100 years, this was a small hamlet situated on the bank of a river. This hamlet was shifted due to continuous yearly floods. Another main reason for the shift of hamlet was there was long distance between Wada and hamlet. {Wada is the main place of administration). 3.3. Settlement History of the Village There are many stories regarding the history of Belgaum district and its village including Chinchali Village. Firstly this well-known city was a very small village during 17th century. There is no authentic information regarding its existence. It can be said from the available design of the temple and monuments that once it was a village. It can be said that during the medieval period people might have lived around the rivers and this village must have came into existence. -128- Secondly in the 10th century Yadav ruled over the region. There was peace and comfort among the people at least up to 13th century. Afterwards this part was included in the Adilashai of Bijapur. At this time the palace was built and named as Raibag Mahal. But now this same palace is renamed as Shahu Palace, which was the head quarter of his administration. The revenue was collected from all the villages with the help of revenue collector. Shahajiraje was chief of the army in the court of Adilasha of Bijapur. For this purpose the region came under the control of Shahjiraje Bhonsale who served at the court of Bijapur. Later on he shifted his sphere of activities to Bangalore. Shahaji’s son Shivaji, the Great King established an independent Kingdom. After Shivaji’s death Sambhaji tried his best to save the Kingdom against the mighty force of Aurangzeb. But he was captured and killed in cruel manner. Maratha gave a spirited fight and protected Swaraj. Santaji Ghorapade was the commander in chief of Maratha forces. Thirdly this village was under the rule of family of Kolhapur. During the period of 1659 Shri. Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj won Panhala and established Maratha Swaraj but this area was for away from the Raigad, capital of the Maharaja. Therefore this region might be under the rule of Mughal. The Mughal emperors especially Aurangazeb brought this area under his rule after the death of Chaitrapati Shivaji Maharaj. -129 - Raibag and its surrounding area were placed under Adilashai rule. The Belgaum city was called as Azammnagar during this period, which consisted of many villages. Desphande, Deshmukh and Desai ruled over these villages that were gifted as Tnam or Sanad. From 17th century to 18th century many political changes took place due to which there was no stability right from Kolhapur to Belgaum. The Mughal emperor came in power in this region, but Santaji Ghorapade the great warrior started fighting. Marathesahi was weakened. Many small ventures of power like Nizamshai, Mysore and Kolhapur came into existence. During the 18th century the Britishers captured Indian territory and came in power in India. Their intervention helped the small feudal lords. They were encouraged by British to collect the revenue. Nanasaheb was feudal lord of this village. According to available records in 1881 population of the village was 3110. In at this time Chinehali was small hamlet. It was an Inam to Desai and famous for Mayakka Devi’s, fair or Jatra. Chinehali was small hamlet at this time. Nanasaheb Sarkar was the first feudal. The next feudal was Subharao Desai, the adopted son of Nanasaheb Sarkar. The Britishers started ruling the Bombay state through the district -130- collector during the 18th century and this village was brought under the district of Kolhapur. Subharao was one of the ministers of Kolhapur district. But after independence the government of India decided the states on the basis of language. He brought many developmental changes in the village during his period. The small hamlet that was situated on the bank of river and it was shifted near to his residential place Wada and temple of Mayakka Devi. He was B. E. graduate. He built a jackwell across the river Krishna that became major source of water. After independence the government of India decided States on the basis of the languages. This village was placed in the Karnataka State though the regional language of this region is Marathi. Irrigation facilities and canal water introduced in 1954 changed the scenario of the village. In 1933 Rajaram Sarkar of Kolhapur built Marathi medium school. After that, in 1945 again Chinchalikar Sarkar rebuilt Marathi School. Now it is a government school of Marathi Medium.

  There are Four branches of Chnichliker 

A) Jadhav Desai Chinchli(Rajojirao Desai Chinchliker sarkar) B) Desai sarkar Soundatti (Santosh Y. Desai Sarkar) C) Desai sarkar Raibag (Jaydeep Desai Sarkar) D) Desai Ingali

Related titles[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ V.K. Agnihotri ed., Indian History: Objective Questions and Historical Maps, Allied Publishers. pg. 330
  2. ^ Stewart Gordon, The Marathas 1600-1818, Volume 2, pg. 111
  3. ^ Jaswant Lal Mehta, Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813, pg. 43
  4. ^ Govindlal Dalsukhbhai Patel (1957). The land problem of reorganized Bombay state. N. M. Tripathi. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Shiri Ram Bakshi & Om Prakash Ralhan, Madhya Pradesh Through the Ages, Sarup & Sons, 2008 ISBN 81-7625-806-7, ISBN 978-81-7625-806-7, Page 298
  6. ^ Krishnaji Nageshrao Chitnis, Medieval Indian History, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2003, ISBN 81-7156-062-8, ISBN 978-81-7156-062-2 page 168

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