Saranyu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Saranya)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Saranya" redirects here. For other uses, see Saranya (disambiguation).
Saranyu
Goddess of clouds
Suryadeva.jpg
Surya with consorts Saranyu (Sanjna) and Chhaya
Devanagari सरण्यु
Sanskrit transliteration Saraṇyu
Affiliation Devi
Consort Surya

Saranya (Saraṇyū) or Saraniya (also known as Saranya, Sanjna, Sangya, Randal) is the wife of Surya, and the goddess of clouds in Hindu mythology, the mother of Revanta and the twin Asvins (the Indian Dioscuri). She is also the mother of Manu, and of the twins Yama and Yami. According to Farnell, the meaning of the epithet is to be sought in the original conception of Erinys, which was akin to Ge.

Saraṇyū is the female form of the adjective saraṇyú, meaning "quick, fleet, nimble", used for rivers and wind in the Rigveda (compare also Sarayu).


1ab tváṣṭā duhitré vahatúṃ kṛṇotîtīdáṃ víśvam bhúvanaṃ sám eti1
1cd yamásya mātâ paryuhyámānā mahó jāyâ vívasvato nanāśa
2ab ápāgūhann amŕtām mártyebhyaḥ kṛtvî sávarṇām adadur vívasvate
2cd utâśvínāv abharad yát tád âsīd ájahād u dvâ mithunâ saraṇyûḥ
Tvastar prepares the bridal of his Daughter: all the world hears the tidings and assembles.
But Yama's Mother, Spouse of great Vivasvat, vanished as she was carried to her dwelling.
From mortal men they hid the Immortal Lady, made one like her and gave her to Vivasvat.
Saranyu brought to him the Asvin brothers, and then deserted both twinned pairs of children.

See also[edit]

References[edit]