Sarapiquí (canton)

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Sarapiquí
Cantón
Country  Costa Rica
Province Heredia
Area
 • Total 2,140.54 km2 (826.47 sq mi)
Elevation 292 m (958 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 57,147
 • Density 27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−06:00
ZIP codes 410

Sarapiquí is the tenth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica.

The canton includes the major portion of the Province of Heredia, and is named for its major waterway, the Sarapiquí River. The western half of the canton gives way to the San Carlos Plain. Heredia's provincial border with Alajuela, which runs through the middle of the San Carlos Plain, marks the canton's western limit. The southern boundary of the canton is established by La Virgen River.

Access roads[edit]

To reach this area, there are three land access routes:

  • By the traditional route or route of the heroes (Vara Blanca), where you can see the San Fernando and La Paz waterfalls, mountains, rivers and volcanoes, next to the Sarapiquí river canyon.
  • By the Braulio Carrillo road, crossing the National Park Braulio Carrillo National Park of the same name, area of great exuberance, nature and great landscapes of the tropical rainforest.
  • For San Carlos, where agricultural crops such as pineapples, palm hearts and ornamental plants are observed.

History[edit]

The canton was established by law on November 18, 1970.

The Sarapiquí River, which crosses the canton from south to north, has a relevant history in Costa Rica, for two primary reasons:

It was the first transport route between Costa Rica and Europe. He played a very important role in the defense of national sovereignty, because on April 10, 1856, the filibusters under the command of the American William Walker arrived in Costa Rica by the river Sarapiquí, where the battle of Sardinal was fought.

Geography[edit]

The canton covers an area of 2,140.54 km².[1] The capital city of the canton is Puerto Viejo.

Economy[edit]

The main agricultural activities in the region are: banana, pineapple, coffee, corn, cocoa, cardamom, citrus, palm, foliage, ornamental plants, fruit trees and livestock.

The tourism has had an important development in the last years, thanks to the recreational activities practiced in the Sarapiquí river.

Demography[edit]

The canton has a population of 57 147.[2]

The canton of Sarapiqui is divided into five districts:

Puerto Viejo: (city)[edit]

Latitude: 10 ° 27'288 "N, Length: 84 ° 00'32 "W Elevation: 37 masl Area km²: 426.73 Population: 20 184

    • Towns:
  • Achiote
  • Ahogados
  • Arbolitos (part)
  • Arrepentidos
  • Boca Ceiba
  • Boca Río Sucio
  • Bun
  • Cabezas
  • Canfín
  • Caño Negro
  • Cerro Negro (Part)
  • Cocobolo
  • Colina (neighborhood)
  • Colonia San José
  • Coyol
  • Cristo Rey
  • Chilamate (part)
  • El Amigo
  • El Jardín (neighborhood)
  • El Jardín
  • El Progreso
  • Estrellales
  • Gacelas
  • Gavilán
  • Guayacán
  • Jormo
  • La Chiripa
  • La Esperanza
  • La Gata
  • La Guaria
  • La Rebusca
  • Las Marías
  • Las Orquídeas
  • Loma Linda
  • Loma Linda (neighborhood)
  • Los Lirios
  • Malinche
  • Media Vuelta
  • Medias (part)
  • Muelle
  • Naranjal I
  • Naranjal II
  • Nogal
  • Pavas
  • Rojomaca
  • San José
  • San Julián
  • Tres Rosales
  • Trinidad
  • Vega de Sardinal (part)
  • Villa Tiberia
  • Zapote
  • Zurquí

La Virgen: (village)[edit]

Latitude: 10 ° 24'06 "N Length: 84 ° 08'18 "W Elevation: 187 masl Area km²: 513.65 Population: 10 521

    • Towns:
  • Ángeles
  • Arbolitos (parte)
  • Bajos de Chilamate
  • Boca Sardinal
  • Bosque
  • Búfalo
  • Delicias
  • El Uno
  • Esquipulas
  • Las Palmitas
  • Laquí
  • Linda Vista
  • Lomas
  • Llano Grande
  • Magsaysay
  • Masaya
  • Medias (parte)
  • Pangola
  • Pozo Azul
  • Quebrada Grande
  • Río Magdaleno
  • Roble
  • San Gerardo (parte)
  • San Isidro
  • San José Sur
  • San Ramón
  • La Delia
  • Sardinal
  • Tirimbina
  • Vega de Sardinal (parte)
  • Venados

Horquetas: (village)[edit]

Latitude: 10 ° 20'36 "N Length: 83 ° 57'42 "W Elevation: 68 masl Area km²: 566.44 Population: 24 331

    • Towns:
  • Bambuzal
  • Cerro Negro (parte)
  • Colonia Bambú
  • Colonia Colegio
  • Colonia Esperanza
  • Colonia Huetar
  • Colonia Nazareth
  • Colonia Victoria
  • Colonia Villalobos
  • Cubujuquí
  • Chiripa
  • Fátima
  • Finca Agua
  • Finca Zona Siete
  • Finca Zona Ocho
  • Finca Zona Diez
  • Finca Zona Once
  • Isla
  • Isla Grande
  • Isla de Israel
  • La Conquista
  • La Chávez
  • Las Flaminias
  • La Vuelta
  • Rambla
  • Pedernales
  • Platanera
  • Río Frío
  • San Bernardino
  • San Luis
  • Santa Clara
  • Tapa Viento
  • Ticarí
  • Tigre
  • Villa Isabel
  • Villa Nueva

Llanuras del Gaspar: Aldea (village)[edit]

Latitude: 10 ° 39'00 "N Length: 83 ° 51'00 "W Elevation: 20 meters Area km²: 266.21 Population: 1 160

    • Towns:
  • Caño San Luis
  • Chimurria
  • Chirriposito
  • Delta Costa Rica
  • Gaspar
  • Lagunilla
  • La Lucha
  • Tigra (Fátima)

Cureña: Golfito (village)[edit]

Latitude: 10 ° 37'10 "N Length: 84 ° 05 '07 "W Elevation: 30 meters Area km²: 367.51 Population: 951

    • Towns:
  • Caño Tambor
  • Copalchí
  • Cureña
  • Paloseco
  • Remolinito
  • Tambor
  • Tierrabuena
  • Trinidad (Boca Sarapiquí)
  • Unión del Toro
  • Vuelta Cabo de Hornos
  • Los Angeles del Río

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Geographic Institute". IGN.
  2. ^ "2011 Census Population Report" (pdf). INEC.

Coordinates: 10°27′28″N 84°00′23″W / 10.45778°N 84.00639°W / 10.45778; -84.00639