Sarapiquí (canton)

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Sarapiquí
Flag of Sarapiquí
Flag
Official seal of Sarapiquí
Seal
Sarapiquí canton
Sarapiquí canton location in Costa Rica
Sarapiquí canton location in Costa Rica
Sarapiquí
Sarapiquí canton location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 10°29′07″N 83°56′10″W / 10.4853128°N 83.9362°W / 10.4853128; -83.9362Coordinates: 10°29′07″N 83°56′10″W / 10.4853128°N 83.9362°W / 10.4853128; -83.9362
Country Costa Rica
ProvinceHeredia
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipalidad de Sarapiquí
Area
 • Total2,140.54 km2 (826.47 sq mi)
Elevation
68 m (223 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total57,147
 • Density27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−06:00
Canton code410
Websitesarapiqui.go.cr

Sarapiquí is the tenth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica.[1][2]

History[edit]

The canton was established by law on November 18, 1970.

The Sarapiquí River played a very important role in the defense of national sovereignty, because on 10 April 1856, the filibusters under the command of the American William Walker arrived in Costa Rica through the Sarapiquí River, where the battle of Sardinal was fought. This river and region allowed the export of goods to Europe.

Geography[edit]

Sarapiquí has an area of 2,140.54 km²[3] and a mean elevation of 68 metres.[1]

The canton includes the major portion of the Province of Heredia, and is named for its major waterway, the Sarapiquí River. The western half of the canton gives way to the San Carlos Plain. Heredia's provincial border with Alajuela, which runs through the middle of the San Carlos Plain, marks the canton's western limit. The southern boundary of the canton is established by La Virgen River.

Economy[edit]

The main agricultural activities in the region are: banana, pineapple, coffee, corn, cocoa, cardamom, citrus, palm, foliage, ornamental plants, fruit trees and livestock.

The tourism has had an important development in the last years, thanks to the recreational activities practiced in the Sarapiquí river.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
197312,618
198418,90949.9%
200045,435140.3%
201157,14725.8%

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos[4]
Centro Centroamericano de Población[5]

For the 2011 census, Sarapiquí had a population of 57,147 inhabitants.[6]

Districts[edit]

The canton of Sarapiqui is divided into five districts:

Transportation[edit]

Road transportation[edit]

The canton is covered by the following road routes:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Declara oficial para efectos administrativos, la aprobación de la División Territorial Administrativa de la República N°41548-MGP". Sistema Costarricense de Información Jurídica (in Spanish). 19 March 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ División Territorial Administrativa de la República de Costa Rica (PDF) (in Spanish). Editorial Digital de la Imprenta Nacional. 8 March 2017. ISBN 978-9977-58-477-5.
  3. ^ "Área en kilómetros cuadrados, según provincia, cantón y distrito administrativo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos" (in Spanish).
  5. ^ "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas". Centro Centroamericano de Población (in Spanish).
  6. ^ "Censo. 2011. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)