Saraswathi Gora

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Saraswathi Gora
Born 28 September 1912
Died 19 August 2006(2006-08-19) (aged 93)
Vijayawada, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Social worker
Known for Co-founder of the Atheist Centre
Spouse(s) Gora
Children Lavanam
Chennupati Vidya
Relatives Hemalatha Lavanam (daughter-in-law)
Awards Jamnalal Bajaj Award (1999)

Saraswathi Gora (28 September 1912 – 19 August 2006) was an Indian social activist. Notable as the leader of the Atheist Centre for many years, she campaigned against untouchability and the caste system.


Along with her husband Gora, Saraswathi Gora established the Atheist Center in 1940. Their goal was to promote human values based on atheism, rationalism and Gandhism.

A political activist of India's freedom movement, she was imprisoned during the Quit India movement. She went to jail carrying her two-and-half-year old son, Niyanta.

Private life[edit]

Born on 28 September 1912 in Vizianagaram in today's Andhra Pradesh, she got married at the age of ten to Goparaju Ramachandra Rao. Together, they had nine children: Manorama, Lavanam, Mythri, Vidya, Vijayam, Dr.Samaram, Niyanta, Dr.Maru and Nauv.[citation needed]

The wedding of her eldest daughter Manorama's inter-caste marriage with Arjun Rao, who belonged to a Dalit caste was performed in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1960.

Her autobiography My Life With Gora was published (in Telugu) in 2012. She died of lung infection on 19 August 2006 at Vijayawada.[1]

Awards and recognition[edit]

In 2001, she was selected for the Basava Puraskar, conferred by the Karnataka Government. She is also the recipient of the G.D.Birla International Award for Humanism ; the Jamnalal Bajaj Award (1999);[2] the Janaki Devi Bajaj Award;[3] and the Potti Sriramulu Telugu University Award.[4]


  1. ^ "Saraswathi Gora passes away". The Hindu. 20 August 2006. 
  2. ^ "Jamnalal Bajaj Awards Archive". Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation. 
  3. ^ "Veteran freedom fighter Saraswathi Gora dies". Oneindia. 19 August 2006. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "The Hindu : Saraswathi Gora selected for Basava Puraskar". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 

External links[edit]