Saratoga Race Course
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Gate A entrance to the race course
|Location||Saratoga Springs, New York, U.S.|
|Owned by||State of New York|
|Operated by||New York Racing Association|
|Date opened||August 3, 1863|
|Notable races||Travers Stakes (G1)
Whitney Handicap (G1)
Alabama Stakes (G1)
Woodward Stakes (G1)
Saratoga Race Course is a thoroughbred horse racing track in Saratoga Springs, New York, United States, with a capacity of 50,000. Opened in 1863, it is the third oldest racetrack in the US (after 2nd oldest Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack & oldest Freehold Raceway), though it is often considered to be the oldest sporting venue of any kind in the country.
Saratoga Springs was the site of standardbred racing as early as 1847. On August 3, 1863, casino operator and future congressman John Morrissey organized the first thoroughbred race card on the track previously used for harness racing (and now the location of the Oklahoma Training Track). The current course was opened across the street from the old standardbred track the following year. Among those instrumental to the creation of the Saratoga Race Course were John Hunter (later the first chairman of The Jockey Club), William R. Travers, John Morrissey, and Cornelius Vanderbilt.
The Saratoga meet originally lasted only four days. The meet has been lengthened gradually since that time; for many decades, the meet lasted four weeks and began in late July or early August. The meet today lasts a total of 40 racing days, with races held six days per week, and traditionally ends on Labor Day.
Saratoga Race Course has been in use almost every year since 1864, with only a handful of exceptions. The course was closed in 1896 due to increasing competition among thoroughbred tracks, making the meet at Saratoga not viable that season. Anti-gambling legislation, which had passed in New York, resulted in a cessation in all thoroughbred racing in that state during 1911 and 1912. The track's first parimutuel betting machines were installed in 1940. From 1943 to 1945, racing was curtailed at Saratoga due to travel restrictions during World War II. During those years, the stakes races usually held at Saratoga Race Course were instead contested at Belmont Park.
The late 1800s were a period of decline for the Race Course. In 1892 it was purchased by notorious gambler Gottfried "Dutch Fred" Waldbaum, the operator of the notorious Guttenberg racetrack in North Bergen, New Jersey. Finally it was purchased in 1901 by a group of investors led by William Collins Whitney, who made major improvements and restored its reputation.
In the 1960s, the grandstand was extended, doubling the track's seating capacity.
In 1999, Saratoga Race Course was rated as Sports Illustrated's #10 sports venue of the 20th Century.
Saratoga Race Course has several nicknames: The Spa (for the nearby mineral springs), the House of Upsets, and the Graveyard of Champions. Famous race horses to lose at the track:
- Man o' War suffered his only defeat in twenty-one starts while racing at Saratoga Race Course, losing to Upset in the 1919 Sanford Stakes;
- Gallant Fox, the 1930 Triple Crown winner, was beaten by the 100-1 longshot Jim Dandy in the 1930 Travers Stakes;
- Secretariat, the 1973 Triple Crown winner, was defeated by Onion in the 1973 Whitney Handicap;
- Rachel Alexandra, the 2009 Horse of the Year, was beaten in the 2010 Personal Ensign Stakes by Persistently, who closed a length and a half in the final 1/16 mile;
- American Pharoah, the 2015 Triple Crown winner and a 1-5 favorite, was upset in the 2015 Travers Stakes by Keen Ice for his second career loss.
Physical attributes and races
- a main (dirt) track, which, like that at Aqueduct, has a 1 1⁄8-mile (9-furlong or 1,811 m) circumference;
- a 1-mile (8-furlong) turf track, known officially as the Mellon Turf Course in honor of the Mellon family, whose members include prominent thoroughbred owner/breeder Paul Mellon and his father Andrew Mellon, a former United States Treasury Secretary; and
- an inner turf track, the circumference of which is 7 furlongs (1,408 m).
Steeplechase races are also run at Saratoga Race Course and take place on the inner turf course.
The Oklahoma Training Track, which is across Union Avenue from the main course (was originally named Horse Haven), is used for warmups and training. The Oklahoma Training Track site was the location of the track used for racing at the inaugural meet in 1863; the main grandstand was opened at the current site the following year. On August 3, 2013, the new Whitney Viewing Stand opened at the Oklahoma Track. It allows public viewing of workouts at the track, replicating a former stand from the 19th century.
A former distinctive feature of Saratoga Race Course's dirt track was the Wilson Mile chute, which branched off from the clubhouse (first) turn at a 90-degree angle. After the 1971 meeting, its use was suspended; following a brief resumption during the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was dismantled, leaving no distance available for dirt races at one mile. A similarly-designed chute is still in use at Ellis Park Racecourse, a racetrack in Kentucky, and is the only such chute of its kind that can be found at any North American track today.
The grounds at Saratoga Race Course contain several unique features. Prior to each race, a bell is hand rung at exactly 17 minutes prior to scheduled post time for each race to call the jockeys to the paddock. Patrons can get close up views of the horses being led to the paddock as the path from the stables runs through the picnic grounds. There is a mineral spring called the Big Red Spring in the picnic grounds where patrons can partake of the water that made Saratoga Springs famous. A gazebo is a prominent feature on the infield, and a stylized version of the gazebo is part of Saratoga Race Course logo.
Saratoga Race Course is home to several of the most important races in North America. Since 1864, the track has been the site of the Travers Stakes, the oldest major thoroughbred horse race in the United States. Like the Kentucky Derby, the Travers Stakes is contested on dirt and is open only to three-year-olds. A lake in the middle of the track contains a canoe that is painted annually in the colors of the winning stable for that year's Travers Stakes winner. Several other major stakes races are held at Saratoga each year as well, including the Alabama Stakes (for three-year-old fillies), the Hopeful Stakes for two-year-olds, and the Whitney Handicap for open competition (a Breeders' Cup Classic "Win and You're In" qualifier).
- Grade I Stakes races:
- Grade II Stakes races:
- Grade III Stakes races:
- Ungraded stakes
Buried at Clare Court Jogging Track are Fourstardave, Mourjane (IRE) and A Phenomenon. Champion filly Go For Wand, who suffered a fatal injury during the stretch run of the 1990 Breeders Cup Distaff, is buried in the Saratoga Race Course infield.
In popular culture
The racetrack is referenced in the song "Adelaide's Lament" from the 1950 play Guys and Dolls in the line "When they get on that train to Niagara and she can hear church bells chime, the compartment is air conditioned and the mood sublime...then they get off at Saratoga for the fourteenth time!"
- Olmsted, Larry (29 May 2013). "Nation's "Oldest Racetrack" Turns 150 And Plans Summer Of Fun". Forbes. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Hotaling, Edward (1995). They're Off! Horse Racing at Saratoga. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. p. 28. ISBN 0-8156-0350-9.
- Blood-Horse Magazine. July 20, 2013, issue p. 14.
- Hotaling, p. 53–54.
- Hotaling, p. 43.
- Silver, Dan (October 7, 2009). "NYRA Expands 2010 Saratoga Meet by Four Days". New York Racing Association. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- Hoteling, p. 158
- Kinney, Jim (August 3, 2006). "Too hot to trot at race course". The Record. Troy. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- "Saratoga 150: First betting Machines at Race Track". The Saratogian. 21st Century Media. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Louisa Leombruno, Rebecca Longley. "Saratoga 150: Track renovated in the 1960s". The Saratogian. 21st Century Media. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- "Century's Best - SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century". Sports Illustrated. June 7, 1999. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
- "History of Saratoga". New York Racing Association. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- Vosburgh, W.S.; Racing in America, 1866-1921 http://kdl.kyvl.org/catalog/xt7n2z12nx9t_33?
- Post, Paul (August 1, 2013). "Whitney viewing stand to open Saturday at Saratoga Race Course's Oklahoma training track". The Saratogian. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "History of Saratoga Race Course, One of the Oldest Race Tracks In America". www.saratogaracetrack.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- "Big Red Spring- Mineral Spring in Saratoga Race Track". Saratoga.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- Staff, Web (2015-08-29). "The Travers Stakes: A rich history". NEWS10 ABC. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- "Frequently Asked Questions about the Saratoga Racetrack". SaratogaRacetrack.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "Saratoga Race Course Timeline". Saratoga.com. Mannix Marketing. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "Saratoga 2012" (webpage). Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- "Grave Matters: Turf Hallmarks". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- Ian Robinson (2013-12-12), CARLY SIMON - YOU'RE SO VAIN Lyrics, retrieved 2016-08-01
- "Adelaide's Lament Lyrics - Guys and Dolls Soundtrack Lyrics". Lyrics On Demand. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saratoga Race Course.|
- NYRA Saratoga Page
- Article about Opening Day at Saratoga, 1907
- Saratoga Opening Day, 1919
- Saratoga: Horse Racing's Heart - slideshow by Life magazine
- Saratoga Track Guide at Hello Race Fans!
- Saratoga Race Track Guide
- Heller, Bill. Saratoga Tales: Great Horses, Fearless Jockeys, Shocking Upsets and Incredible Blunders at America's Legendary Race Track (2004). Whitston Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-87875-551-6.