|Full name||Football Association of Sarawak|
|2016||Liga Super, 8th|
|Website||Club home page|
Sarawak competes in the Liga Super, the top-flight competition in Malaysian football, after being promoted as undefeated champions of 2010 Liga Premier. Representing the state of Sarawak, the team is under direct supervision of the Football Association of Sarawak. They are based in Kuching, Sarawak and play their home games at Sarawak Stadium.
Sarawak FA has won the Liga Perdana in 1997, the Piala FA (1992) and the Piala Sumbangsih (1998). In 1999, the team advanced to the second phase of the Asian Cup Winners Cup, crashing out to Tentera Darat of Liga FAM. In 2013, the team won the Liga Premier undefeated; their first domestic trophy in 12 years.
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Crest and colours
- 4 Ownership and finances
- 5 Players
- 6 Head coaches
- 7 Management team
- 8 Club honours
- 9 Club record
- 10 Individual player awards
- 11 Coach history
- 12 Piala Malaysia records
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Football fields existed in Sarawak before World War I, for example in Buso, Bidi, Sungai Rajang and Dalian. The teams were composed of European assistants and Asian staff. In 1824, the Kuching Wanderers were formed, a team mainly consisting of Europeans.
On 16 January 1928, the Wanderers were formed into the Kuching Football Club and from that date until 1956, the Europeans of Kuching were able to field two teams and played regularly twice a week, and additionally played for the James Brooke Cup, named after James Brooke, the first White Rajah of Sarawak. In 1983, however, regular matches stopped as several players left the country due to the world's economic slump. Nonetheless, in 1934, the Kuching Football Association, predecessor of the current association, was founded.
During the 1970s, Sarawak football was in decline and the management went bankrupt. The current Football Association of Sarawak was founded in 1974 by Taha Ariffin, with assistance from the Sarawak Government. Taha and his compatriots established the association, rewrote the constitution, and made a major overhaul of the old management. With the establishment of the Piala Sarawak (Sarawak Cup), the association progressed greatly, and later organised the Piala Borneo (Borneo Cup) to provide training and experience to the newly formed team.
After the success of the Piala Sarawak and the Piala Borneo, Sarawak FA sent their first team for the Malaysia President Cup (formerly known as Burnley Cup), before participating in the Piala Malaysia competition, the most prestigious football event in the country, in 1979.
After another decade of slow progress, in 1988, new coach Awang Mahyan Awang Mohamad introduced the slogan Ngap Sayot and brought the team to its first Piala Malaysia semi-final, defeating several teams deemed to be stronger than Sarawak FA, for example the state teams of Selangor FA, Kedah FA, Kuala Lumpur FA and Pahang FA. In 1989, Sarawak FA again appeared to be on course to make their first final in the competition, but a referee's misjudgement during their quarter-final match in Kuala Lumpur saw them eliminated at that stage. The incident strained national integration and caused the FAS to withdraw its affiliation from the Football Association of Malaysia (FAM) for a short while.
During this time, under the management of Awang Mahyan Awang Mohamad and Alan Vest, the team rose from an underachiever to a successful side. Following the addition of foreign players in the early 1990s, Sarawak FA won the Piala FA, the Liga Super and the Piala Sumbangsih. They also reached their first ever Piala Malaysia final in 1999, losing 2–1 to Brunei. They were also relegated from the Liga Super by placing bottom during the 2007–08 season, but they managed to get back into the league during the 2014 season.
Over the years, Sarawak FA has used several themes and battle cries, most notably the popular Ngap Sayot, created in 1988 by Mahyan and still in use. Other themes emerged later, among them are Ngap Ajak and Tebang Bala Sidak. Recently, the Semangat 88 (Spirit of 88) theme is used alongside Ngap Sayot to emulate the success of the 1980s team.
Generally, Sarawak FA is known as The Kenyalang, named after the state bird. In the 1980s, the Black Cats was chosen as the team's pseudonym; however, following series of notorious crocodile attacks at heavily-infested rivers in the state during the 1990s, the nick Bujang Senang is chosen to represent Sarawak's chivalric and ferocious play. The name is chosen after a legendary and notorious man-eating crocodile, Bujang Senang, who is believed to reside at the Batang Lupar river in the Sri Aman Division.
The Encang Sarawak Encang Era (1992–2003)
The success of Sarawak during this era was powered by Alan Vest and Abdul Jalil Rambli.
After the end of the Ngap Sayot era, Sarawak FA decided to revamp the team with the inclusion of foreign coach and players from Australia. Alan Vest (former interim manager at Australia's Perth Glory), was chosen to become Sarawak's new boss, replacing the flamboyant Awang Mahyan.
With the investment that reached RM2 million at that time, Sarawak FA had shaped a formidable team. The most memorable glory was in 1992 when Sarawak FA won the Piala FA by defeating their main rival at that time, Kuala Lumpur AFC. Other glorious moments include the champions of Liga Premier in 1997, champions of the Charity Shield in 1998 and marched to the finals of the Piala FA (1996, 2001) and, their greatest achievement so far by reaching the final of the prestigious Piala Malaysia in 1999.
Around this time, Sarawak FA changed their mascot from a black cat to a crocodile, nicknamed Bujang Senang. The team itself is generally known as The Crocs.
The most popular foreign players in the team was John Hunter , known as John "Kerbau (Buffalo)" Hunter. David Evans, an Australian, holds the record as the tallest player ever in the league's history, as well as the longest serving foreign player. Other players such as Billy Bone, Alistair Edwards, Doug Ithier as well as Neathan Gibson were also popular with fans.
This era also witnessed a significant change of venue in 1997. After the end of the 1997 FIFA World Youth Cup, Sarawak moved to its current home, the Sarawak Stadium, which is adjacent to the old stadium (although the team re-used the old Stadium Negeri for several home matches afterwards). The new stadium was regarded quite unfortunate as the old one, but throughout the time the new stadium becomes an identity for the team itself. The new stadium has hosted several international matches, such the AFC Champions League second round match between Sarawak and Kashima Antlers of Japan, and other friendlies with clubs from Singapore, Australia and Germany.
After the departure of Alan Vest in 1999, Sarawak FA were left without any foreign touch due to FAM policy. With the coming of Vest's apprentice and also an ex-captain of Sarawak, Abdul Jalil Rambli, Sarawak FA has managed to reach the Piala Malaysia final and the Piala FA final in 2001.
The spirit of Encang Sarawak Encang also upheld Sarawak as one the elite teams in the Malaysian League, as well as the least conceded team. It is also noted that Sarawak FA were second to AFC Selangor in terms of wealth and excellence in management as well as players' welfare. Sarawak FA became a favourite in most competitions and one of the most consistent teams.
"The Invincibles" (2013)
In Malaysia football, "The Invincibles" has been used to refer to the Sarawak FA team of the 2013 managed by Robert Alberts. Sarawak FA completed the 2013 Liga Premier campaign unbeaten. Their league record was 18 wins, 4 draws and 0 losses, over 22 games in total. Sarawak FA coach Robert Alberts has done a remarkable job in getting the locals to combine with the foreign signings Bosnian striker Muamer Salibašić and Cameroon centreback Guy Bwele.
The Liga Premier commissioned a special gold version of the Liga Premier trophy to commemorate Sarawak FA achievement.
Sarawak FA's venture in the domestic cups ended in the quarter-finals; losing both legs against Kelantan in the Piala FA, 4–1 on aggregate, and lost 2–4 on aggregate against Pahang in the Piala Malaysia semi-final match.
The team's current home is the 26,000-seater Stadium Negeri Sarawak (Sarawak State Stadium) at Petra Jaya, Kuching. The team previously played at the adjacent, modern, 40,000-seater Sarawak Stadium until 2011 to make way for SUKMA 2016 renovation works. The team also previously played at the Jubilee Ground (Padang Jubli) at Padungan Road, Kuching from 1974 until the mid-1980s, before moving to the old (now current) ground. Following facilities upgrade in 1989 for SUKMA 1990, the stadium remained as their base until 1997 when they moved to the new stadium after the 1997 FIFA World Youth Championship concluded.
Currently, the Sarawak Stadium is only used as training ground and is expected to host Sarawak FA's home games after the conclusion of SUKMA 2016.
Crest and colours
The flag of Sarawak has always been an inspiration for kit colour schemes. Historically, the home shirt is red and black, augmented by black shorts and red socks. However, colours for both shorts and socks may occasionally change to either red or white, according to season's preference. Certain seasons have seen yellow, orange and even white kits worn as first choice kits. Owing to team's success mostly dressed in red and black, the team is sometimes colloquially known as Merah Hitam (the Red and Blacks).
Similarly, the away kit is always blue and black; akin to its home kit, colours for both shorts and socks may occasionally change to either blue or white, according to season's preference. Certain seasons have seen white, yellow and navy blue kits worn as change kits. For current season, these colours are set as their "third" kit as the team prefers yellow shirt, black shorts and red socks as their away kit.
Sarawak's first known kit manufacturer is Puma, followed by Diadora. Since 1991, the team has worn Lotto kits, which have witnessed tremendous success and fame before switching to local brand Rossi in September 2001. After nine years, Adidas became the kit of choice for one season prior to the appointment of another local brand, Starsport to supply kits for the team until at least 2016.
Ownership and finances
Since the 1980s until 2010, all teams competing in Malaysian football leagues are sponsored by single sponsors, namely Dunhill (1980s–05) and TM (2006–10), apart from league sponsorship. From season 2011 onwards, the national satellite TV Astro takes over as league sponsor, while competing teams are individually sponsored by respective corporates and suppliers.
In addition, the Lea Group of Companies, a local company through their sporting wing, Lea Sports Centre has been Sarawak's shirt sponsor since the 1990s. Previous sponsors include Bank Utama, Power (a brand by Bata), Inai Kiara, Holiday Inn, AirAsia, Larsen Oil & Gas and Naim Holdings, and currently, the team is sponsored by Sarawak Energy, Shin Yang, Ibraco Berhad, Marina Parkcity, Titanium Management, DD Plantations, HSL, Rimbunan Hijau and Lea Sports Centre.
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
- As of 10 January 2017
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Mohamad Poasa Sahar||1979||1981|
|Wan Edrus Wan Alwi||1982||1982|
|Chow Kwai Lam||1984||1984|
|Mohamad Che Su||1985||1987|
|Awang Mahyan Awang Mohammad||1988||1989|
|Abdul Wahet Uji||1990||1991|
|Abdul Jalil Rambli||1999||2003|
|Abdul Wahet Uji||2005||2005|
|Abdul Jalil Rambli||2005||2006|
|Ahmad Fairuz Yunus||2008||2008|
|Haji Mohd Zaki Sheikh Ahmad||2009||2011|
|President||Dato Posa Majais|
|Deputy President||Tuan Haji Abdul Wahab Rahim|
|Head team coach||David Usop|
|Assistant coach||Pengiran Bala|
|Goalkeeping coach||Mohd Azley Abdullah|
|Fitness coach||Edward Jamid Unting|
|Physiotherapist||Mohd Khairul Nizam Suhaimi|
|Head of Youth Development||Ibrahim Mentali|
|U21 Manager||Duke Janteng|
|U21 Head Coach||S. Veloo|
|U21 Assistant Head Coach||Sulaiman Mustanir|
|U21 Goalkeeping coach||P. Mohana Sundram|
|U21 Fitness coach||Mat Zali Lazim|
|U21 Physiotherapist||Mohd Safuan Abdul Halim|
|Kit man||Hysham Adenan|
|Masseur||Wan Bujang Wan Othman|
|U19 Head Coach||Safri Amit|
|U19 Assistant Head coach||Jefry Lana|
|U19 Fitness Coach||Abu Bakar Amran|
|U19 Goalkeeping coach||Jahar Noh|
|U19 Physiotherapist||Carlvin Stakeith Gary|
- Piala Malaysia
- Runner-up (1): 1999
- Piala FA
- Piala Sumbangsih
- Borneo Cup
Update on 21 April 2017.
- P = Played, W = Win, D = Draw, L= Loss, F = Goal for, A = Goal against, Pts = Points, Pos = Position
1st or Champions 2nd or Runner-Up 3rd place Promotion Relegation
|2004||Liga Super||21||3||7||11||28||38||16||7th||–||1st round||Group stage||–||–|
|2005||Liga Premier||21||3||5||13||23||38||14||7th||–||1st round||Not qualified||–||–|
|2006–07||Liga Super||24||2||4||18||28||65||10||12th||–||1st round||Group stage||–||–|
|2007–08||Liga Super||24||4||2||18||25||67||14||13th||–||2nd round||Group stage||–||–|
|2009||Liga Premier||24||3||6||15||29||57||15||12th||–||2nd round||Group stage||–||–|
|2010||Liga Premier||22||11||4||7||42||34||37||6th||–||2nd round||Not qualified||–||–|
|2011||Liga Premier||22||15||3||4||51||16||48||2nd||–||1st round||Group stage||–||–|
|2012||Liga Super||26||8||6||12||28||32||30||11th||–||1st round||Group stage||–||–|
|2014||Liga Super||22||9||3||10||26||31||30||7th||–||Group stage||Quarter-finals||–||–|
|2015||Liga Super||18||3||5||10||21||33||14||10th||–||Quarter-finals||1st round||–||–|
|2016||Liga Super||22||6||6||10||32||40||24||8th||–||Group stage||2nd round||–||–|
Individual player awards
|2009||Joseph Kalang Tie||11|
The following coaches won at least one trophy when in charge of Sarawak:
|Alan Vest||1992–98||Liga Perdana, Piala FA, Piala Sumbangsih|
|Robert Alberts||2011–2015||Liga Premier|
Piala Malaysia records
Piala FA records