Sarawak State Legislative Assembly

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Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
17th Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded 8 September 1867
Leadership
Yang di-Pertuan Negeri
Abdul Taib MahmudBNPBB
Since 1 March 2014
Speaker
Mohamad Asfia Awang NassarBNPBB
Since 15 November 2000
Deputy Speaker
Roland Sagah Wee InnBNPBB
Since 30 September 2011
Chief Minister
Adenan SatemBNPBB
Since 1 March 2014
Opposition Leader
Chong Chieng JenDAP
Since 10 June 2013
Structure
Seats 71
Quorum: 24
Simple majority: 36
Two-thirds majority: 47
Sarawak Assembly seating plan.svg
Political groups

(As of 17 June 2015)
Government
‹See Tfm›     BN (45)

Opposition
‹See Tfm›     DAP (11)
‹See Tfm›     PKR (3)
‹See Tfm›     SWP (1)
‹See Tfm›     TERAS (10)

‹See Tfm›     Vacant (1)
Committees
Elections
First-past-the-post (71 seats)
Last election
16 April 2011
Next election
on or before 20 August 2016
Meeting place
Sarawak state assembly building.jpg
New Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak
Website
www.dun.sarawak.gov.my

The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 71 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart, separate from general elections unlike other states in Malaysia.

The State Legislative Assembly convenes at the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building in the state capital, Kuching.

Current composition[edit]

45 11 10 3 1 1
Barisan Nasional DAP TERAS PKR S
W
P
V
a
c
a
n
t

History[edit]

The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.[1]

It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to formed the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.[2]

The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.[3]

Role[edit]

The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances.[4] The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet.[5] Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.[6]

The Speaker presides over proceedings in the Assembly. He is appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Speaker can only vote to break a tie.[7]

Speakers Roll of Honor[edit]

The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Assembly Roll of Honor, since 1963:

  1. Datuk Dr.Sockalingam (1963–1968)
  2. Tan Sri Datuk William Tan (1968–1973)
  3. Datuk Haji Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng (1973–1976)
  4. Datuk Abang Haji Abu Bakar Bin Datu Abang Haji Mustapha (1976–1981)
  5. Datuk Celestine Ujang Jilan (1981–1987)
  6. Datuk Robert Jacob Ridu (1987–1994)
  7. Dato Sri Wong Soon Koh (1994–1996)
  8. Datuk Song Swee Guan (1996–2000)
  9. Datuk Amar Haji Mohammad Asfia Bin Awang Nassar (2000–present)

Cabinet[edit]

The Cabinet of Sarawak forms the executive branch of the state's government. It is led by the Chief Minister of Sarawak. The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor on the basis that he is able to command a majority in the Assembly. He then advises the Governor on the appointment of state ministers. The Chief Minister and his ministers constitute the state cabinet, and share collective responsibility to the Assembly.[8]

After the 2011 state election, the opposition Pakatan Rakyat coalition formed a shadow cabinet. The Speaker recognised the right of the opposition to form such a body, but nonetheless noted it had no constitutional status, unlike the Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet of the United Kingdom.[9]

The current State Cabinet was sworn in on 18 April 2011 after the state elections.[10] On 28 September 2001, the State Cabinet underwent a reshuffle, as a new ministry and seven new member were introduced.[11]

Upon the appointment of Tan Sri Adenan Satem as the fifth Chief Minister of Sarawak, the State Cabinet,formed in 2011 remained unchanged, with the exception of the position of Second Deputy Chief Minister,which still vacant.The position of the Minister with Special Functions also remains vacant, and he had announced that he will appoint a minister to fill the positions at the right time.[12]

Sarawak State Cabinet (Effective 3 March 2014)[13]
Portfolio Office bearers Party
Chief Minister
Minister of Finance
Minister of Resource Planning and Environment
Adenan Satem PBB
Deputy Chief Minister
Minister of Modernisation of Agriculture
Minister of Rural Development
Alfred Jabu Numpang PBB
Minister of Land Development James Jemut Masing PRS
Second Minister of Finance
Minister of Local Government and Community Development
Wong Soon Koh TERAS
Minister of Social Development William Mawan Ikom TERAS
Minister of Housing
Minister of Tourism
Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg PBB
Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications Michael Manyin PBB
Second Minister of Resource Planning and Environment
Minister of Public Utilities
Minister of Industrial Development
Awang Tengah Ali Hassan PBB
Minister of Welfare, Women and Family Development Fatimah Abdullah @ Ting Sai Ming PBB
Assistant Minister of Land Development
Assistant Minister of Tourism (Local Events and Products)
Gramong Juna PBB
Assistant Minister of Rural Development
Assistant Minister of Housing
Francis Harden Hollis SUPP
Assistant Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications (Communications)
Assistant Minister of Social Development (Sports)
Lee Kim Shin SUPP
Assistant Minister of Public Utilities (Water Supply)
Assistant Minister of Agriculture (Farmers’ Organisation)
Sylvester Entri Muran TERAS
Assistant Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications (Infrastructure Development)
Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Islamic Affairs)
Daud Abdul Rahman PBB
Assistant Minister of Resource Planning
Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Bumiputera Entrepreneur Development)
Mohd Naroden Majais PBB
Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Native Adat and Penan Affairs)
Assistant Minister of Local Government and Community Development (Local Government)
John Sikie Tayai PRS
Assistant Minister of Land Development Abdul Wahab Aziz PBB
Assistant Minister of Tourism Talib Zulpilip PBB
Assistant Minister of Industrial Development (Industrial Estate Development)
Assistant Minister of Local Government and Community Development (Community Services)
Peter Nansian Ngusie TERAS
Assistant Minister of Agriculture (Research & Marketing) Mong Dagang PRS
Assistant Minister of Public Utilities (Electricity and Telecommunication) Stephen Rundi Utom PBB
Assistant Minister of Industrial Development (Investment & Promotion)
Assistant Minister of Rural Development
Julaihi Narawi PBB
Assistant Minister of Youth Development (Urban)
Assistant Minister of Housing
Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah PBB
Assistant Minister of Public Health Jerip Susil TERAS
Assistant Minister of Culture and Heritage Liwan Lagang PRS
Assistant Minister of Early Childhood Education and Family Development Rosey Yunus TERAS
Assistant Minister of Welfare Robert Lawson Chuat PBB
Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Promotion of Technical Education)
Assistant Minister of Environment (Ministry of Resource Planning and Environment)
Len Talif Salleh PBB

Ex officio members[edit]

Portfolio Office bearers
State Secretary Mohamad Morshidi Abdul Ghani
Senior Federal Counsel Muhamad Iskandar Ahmad
Sabah Federal Financial Officer Jabidah Monseri
State Legislative Assembly Secretary Supian Tarmizi Mohd Tazuddin

Committees[edit]

The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:[14]

  • Rules of Proceedings and Elections Committee
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Assembly Committee
  • Public Petitions Committee
  • Privileges Committee
  • DUN Events Committee

Sarawak state election, 2011[edit]

e • d Summary of the 16 April 2011 Sarawak State Assembly election results
Political Party Votes % of vote Seats % of seats +/–
National Front: BN 372,379 55.36 55 77.46 Decrease8[nb 1]
United Traditional Bumiputera Party PBB 192,785 28.66 35 49.30 Steady
Sarawak United Peoples' Party SUPP 111,781 16.62 6 8.45 Decrease6
Sarawak People's Party PRS 35,120 5.22 8 11.27 Steady
Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party SPDP 32,693 4.86 6 8.45 Decrease2
People's Pact: PR 277,329 41.23 15 21.13 Increase8[nb 2]
Democratic Action Party DAP 134,847 20.05 12 16.90 Increase6
People's Justice Party PKR 117,100 17.41 3 4.23 Increase2
Sarawak National Party SNAP 15,663 2.33 0 0.00 Steady
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 9,719 1.44 0 0.00 Steady
Love Malaysia Party PCM 2,895 0.43 0 0.00 Decrease1
Independents IND 20,064 2.98 1 1.41 Increase1
Overall total 672,667 100.00 71 100.00 Steady

Source: Election Commission.[15] The Star (Malaysia).[16]

  1. ^ BN had an assemblyman (Larry Sng) who did not belong to any party. Sng did not contest the election and his seat (Pelagus) was won by an independent, counting as one additional loss for BN.
  2. ^ Coalition formed after previous election.

Sarawak state election, 2006[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 May 2006 Sarawak State Assembly election results
Political Party Votes % of vote Seats % of seats +/–
National Front: BN 341,587 61.8 62[nb 1] 88.7 Increase2
United Traditional Bumiputera Party PBB 160,331 29.0 35 49.3 Increase5
Sarawak United Peoples' Party SUPP 113,505 20.5 11 15.5 Decrease5
Sarawak People's Party PRS 33,014 6.0 8 12.7 N/A[nb 2]
Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party SPDP 34,737 6.3 8 11.3 N/A[nb 2]
Democratic Action Party DAP 82,134 14.9 6 8.5 Increase5
Barisan Bersatu Sarawak: 98,807 17.9 2 2.8 N/A[nb 2]
Sarawak National Party SNAP[nb 3] 51,459 9.3 1 1.4 Decrease5
People's Justice Party PKR 47,348 8.6 1 1.4 Increase1
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 1,901 0.3 0 0.0 Steady
Independents IND 18,535 3.4 1 1.4 Steady
Overall total 552,350 100 71 100 Increase10

Source: Election Commission.[17]

  1. ^ Including two seats won uncontested.
  2. ^ a b c Party or coalition established after previous state election.
  3. ^ Part of Barisan Nasional in previous election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  2. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  3. ^ "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  5. ^ Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  6. ^ Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  7. ^ Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  8. ^ Kerajaan Eksekutif (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  9. ^ Saai, John K (4 May 2011). "Formation of shadow cabinet unconstitutional — DUN Speaker". Borneo Post. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Sarawk State Cabinet Sworn In". Bernama. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "New ministry, seven new faces in Sarawak cabinet reshuffle latest!". Borneo Post. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Sarawak cabinet remains unchanged". Borneo Post. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Sarawak Cabinet
  14. ^ Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  15. ^ "Official results". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "Sarawak Decides 2011: Results". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  17. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 23 June 2010.  Percentage figures based on total turnout.

External links[edit]