Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
|Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
|17th Sarawak State Legislative Assembly|
|Founded||8 September 1867|
Yang di-Pertuan Negeri
Simple majority: 36
Two-thirds majority: 47
|‹See Tfm› Vacant (1)|
|First-past-the-post (71 seats)|
|16 April 2011|
|on or before 20 August 2016|
|New Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak|
The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 71 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart, separate from general elections unlike other states in Malaysia.
The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.
It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to formed the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.
The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.
The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances. The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet. Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.
Speakers Roll of Honor
The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Assembly Roll of Honor, since 1963:
- Datuk Dr.Sockalingam (1963–1968)
- Tan Sri Datuk William Tan (1968–1973)
- Datuk Haji Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng (1973–1976)
- Datuk Abang Haji Abu Bakar Bin Datu Abang Haji Mustapha (1976–1981)
- Datuk Celestine Ujang Jilan (1981–1987)
- Datuk Robert Jacob Ridu (1987–1994)
- Dato Sri Wong Soon Koh (1994–1996)
- Datuk Song Swee Guan (1996–2000)
- Datuk Amar Haji Mohammad Asfia Bin Awang Nassar (2000–present)
The Cabinet of Sarawak forms the executive branch of the state's government. It is led by the Chief Minister of Sarawak. The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor on the basis that he is able to command a majority in the Assembly. He then advises the Governor on the appointment of state ministers. The Chief Minister and his ministers constitute the state cabinet, and share collective responsibility to the Assembly.
After the 2011 state election, the opposition Pakatan Rakyat coalition formed a shadow cabinet. The Speaker recognised the right of the opposition to form such a body, but nonetheless noted it had no constitutional status, unlike the Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet of the United Kingdom.
The current State Cabinet was sworn in on 18 April 2011 after the state elections. On 28 September 2001, the State Cabinet underwent a reshuffle, as a new ministry and seven new member were introduced.
Upon the appointment of Tan Sri Adenan Satem as the fifth Chief Minister of Sarawak, the State Cabinet,formed in 2011 remained unchanged, with the exception of the position of Second Deputy Chief Minister,which still vacant.The position of the Minister with Special Functions also remains vacant, and he had announced that he will appoint a minister to fill the positions at the right time.
Minister of Finance
Minister of Resource Planning and Environment
|Deputy Chief Minister
Minister of Modernisation of Agriculture
Minister of Rural Development
|Alfred Jabu Numpang||PBB|
|Minister of Land Development||James Jemut Masing||PRS|
|Second Minister of Finance
Minister of Local Government and Community Development
|Wong Soon Koh||TERAS|
|Minister of Social Development||William Mawan Ikom||TERAS|
|Minister of Housing
Minister of Tourism
|Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg||PBB|
|Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications||Michael Manyin||PBB|
|Second Minister of Resource Planning and Environment
Minister of Public Utilities
Minister of Industrial Development
|Awang Tengah Ali Hassan||PBB|
|Minister of Welfare, Women and Family Development||Fatimah Abdullah @ Ting Sai Ming||PBB|
|Assistant Minister of Land Development
Assistant Minister of Tourism (Local Events and Products)
|Assistant Minister of Rural Development
Assistant Minister of Housing
|Francis Harden Hollis||SUPP|
|Assistant Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications (Communications)
Assistant Minister of Social Development (Sports)
|Lee Kim Shin||SUPP|
|Assistant Minister of Public Utilities (Water Supply)
Assistant Minister of Agriculture (Farmers’ Organisation)
|Sylvester Entri Muran||TERAS|
|Assistant Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications (Infrastructure Development)
Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Islamic Affairs)
|Daud Abdul Rahman||PBB|
|Assistant Minister of Resource Planning
Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Bumiputera Entrepreneur Development)
|Mohd Naroden Majais||PBB|
|Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Native Adat and Penan Affairs)
Assistant Minister of Local Government and Community Development (Local Government)
|John Sikie Tayai||PRS|
|Assistant Minister of Land Development||Abdul Wahab Aziz||PBB|
|Assistant Minister of Tourism||Talib Zulpilip||PBB|
|Assistant Minister of Industrial Development (Industrial Estate Development)
Assistant Minister of Local Government and Community Development (Community Services)
|Peter Nansian Ngusie||TERAS|
|Assistant Minister of Agriculture (Research & Marketing)||Mong Dagang||PRS|
|Assistant Minister of Public Utilities (Electricity and Telecommunication)||Stephen Rundi Utom||PBB|
|Assistant Minister of Industrial Development (Investment & Promotion)
Assistant Minister of Rural Development
|Assistant Minister of Youth Development (Urban)
Assistant Minister of Housing
|Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah||PBB|
|Assistant Minister of Public Health||Jerip Susil||TERAS|
|Assistant Minister of Culture and Heritage||Liwan Lagang||PRS|
|Assistant Minister of Early Childhood Education and Family Development||Rosey Yunus||TERAS|
|Assistant Minister of Welfare||Robert Lawson Chuat||PBB|
|Assistant Minister in the Chief Minister's Office (Promotion of Technical Education)
Assistant Minister of Environment (Ministry of Resource Planning and Environment)
|Len Talif Salleh||PBB|
Ex officio members
|State Secretary||Mohamad Morshidi Abdul Ghani|
|Senior Federal Counsel||Muhamad Iskandar Ahmad|
|Sabah Federal Financial Officer||Jabidah Monseri|
|State Legislative Assembly Secretary||Supian Tarmizi Mohd Tazuddin|
The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:
- Rules of Proceedings and Elections Committee
- Public Accounts Committee
- Assembly Committee
- Public Petitions Committee
- Privileges Committee
- DUN Events Committee
Sarawak state election, 2011
|Political Party||Votes||% of vote||Seats||% of seats||+/–|
|National Front:||BN||372,379||55.36||55||77.46||8[nb 1]|
|United Traditional Bumiputera Party||PBB||192,785||28.66||35||49.30|
|Sarawak United Peoples' Party||SUPP||111,781||16.62||6||8.45||6|
|Sarawak People's Party||PRS||35,120||5.22||8||11.27|
|Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party||SPDP||32,693||4.86||6||8.45||2|
|People's Pact:||PR||277,329||41.23||15||21.13||8[nb 2]|
|Democratic Action Party||DAP||134,847||20.05||12||16.90||6|
|People's Justice Party||PKR||117,100||17.41||3||4.23||2|
|Sarawak National Party||SNAP||15,663||2.33||0||0.00|
|Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party||PAS||9,719||1.44||0||0.00|
|Love Malaysia Party||PCM||2,895||0.43||0||0.00||1|
Sarawak state election, 2006
|Political Party||Votes||% of vote||Seats||% of seats||+/–|
|National Front:||BN||341,587||61.8||62[nb 1]||88.7||2|
|United Traditional Bumiputera Party||PBB||160,331||29.0||35||49.3||5|
|Sarawak United Peoples' Party||SUPP||113,505||20.5||11||15.5||5|
|Sarawak People's Party||PRS||33,014||6.0||8||12.7||N/A[nb 2]|
|Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party||SPDP||34,737||6.3||8||11.3||N/A[nb 2]|
|Democratic Action Party||DAP||82,134||14.9||6||8.5||5|
|Barisan Bersatu Sarawak:||98,807||17.9||2||2.8||N/A[nb 2]|
|Sarawak National Party||SNAP[nb 3]||51,459||9.3||1||1.4||5|
|People's Justice Party||PKR||47,348||8.6||1||1.4||1|
|Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party||PAS||1,901||0.3||0||0.0|
Source: Election Commission.
- Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Kerajaan Eksekutif (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Saai, John K (4 May 2011). "Formation of shadow cabinet unconstitutional — DUN Speaker". Borneo Post. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Sarawk State Cabinet Sworn In". Bernama. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "New ministry, seven new faces in Sarawak cabinet reshuffle latest!". Borneo Post. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- "Sarawak cabinet remains unchanged". Borneo Post. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- Sarawak Cabinet
- Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- "Official results". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- "Sarawak Decides 2011: Results". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 22 April 2011.
- "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 23 June 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.