Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
|Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
|18th Sarawak State Legislative Assembly|
|Founded||8 September 1867|
Yang di-Pertua Negeri
Abdul Taib Mahmud
Since 1 March 2014
Sharifah Shazzea Wan Akil
Since 8 March 2017
Simple majority: 42
Two-thirds majority: 55
|Plurality: First-past-the-post (82 single-member constituencies)|
|7 May 2016|
|on or before 7 September 2021|
|New Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak|
The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak) is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 71 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart
The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri in 1903. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.
It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to form the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.
The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.
The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances. The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet. Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.
Speakers Roll of Honour
The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1963:
|No.||Speaker||Term start||Term end|
|2||William Tan Ho Choon||1968||1973|
|3||Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng||1973||1976|
|4||Abang Abu Bakar Abang Mustapha||1976||1981|
|5||Celestine Ujang Jilan||1981||1987|
|6||Robert Jacob Ridu||1987||1994|
|7||Wong Soon Koh||1994||1996|
|8||Song Swee Guan||1996||2000|
|9||Mohamad Asfia Awang Nasar||2000||Incumbent|
The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:
- Selection and Standing Order Committee
- Public Accounts Committee
- House Committee
- Public Petitions Committee
- Privileges Committee
- Events Committee
Sarawak state election, 2016
- "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak". BH Online. Berita Harian. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
- Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010