Sarawak surili

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Sarawak surili[1]
Presbytis chrysomelas.png
1 - female, 2 - male.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Presbytis
Species: P. chrysomelas
Binomial name
Presbytis chrysomelas
(Müller & Schlegel, 1838)
Sarawak Surili area.png
Sarawak surili range

The Sarawak surili (Presbytis chrysomelas) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is endemic to the southeast Asian island of Borneo,[1] where it is distributed north of the Kapuas River in Kalimantan, Indonesia, the Malaysia states of Sarawak and Sabah, and in Brunei. Its taxonomy is complex and disputed,[3] and it has been considered a subspecies of P. femoralis or P. melalophos.[1] The Sarawak surili was formerly considered common, but has declined drastically due to persecution and habitat loss, and as of 2008 is only known from five sites with a combined population of 200–500 individuals.[2] Consequently, it is believed to be one of the rarest primates in the world, and has been rated as critically endangered by IUCN.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 170. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Nijman, V.; Hon, J. & Richardson, M. (2008). "Presbytis chrysomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  3. ^ Brandon-Jones, D., Eudey, A. A., Geissmann, T., Groves, C. P., Melnick, D. J., Morales, J. C., Shekelle, M. and Stewart, C.-B. 2004. Asian primate classification. International Journal of Primatology 25(1): 97-164.