Sarb Hind Shiromani Akali Dal

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Sarb Hind Shiromani Akali Dal
Leader Gurcharan Singh Tohra
Founded May 30, 1999
Dissolved 2003

The Sarb Hind Shiromani Akali Dal (SHSAD) was a Sikh political party in India, formed after a split in the Shiromani Akali Dal.[1] The party was led by Gurcharan Singh Tohra.[1]

SHSAD was founded by Tohra after he was expelled by the SAD Political Affairs Committee on May 14, 1999.[2] SHSAD was officially constituted on May 30, 1999.[3] The party contested the 1999 Lok Sabha election and won 4.15% of the vote in Punjab.[2] All in all the party had fielded 7 candidates in Punjab.[4]

SHSAD contested the 2002 Punjab Vidhan Sabha election as a constituent of the Panthic Morcha, an alliance of Sikh parties.[2]

Tohra reconciled with SAD in 2003.[5] A unity declaration between Tohra and the SAD leader Parkash Singh Badal was signed in Patiala on June 13, 2003.[6] Whilst SHSAD had been unsuccessful in winning seats in elections, the SAD-SHSAD split influenced elections by dividing the Akali vote and enabling the Indian National Congress of win elections in Punjab.[3][7] After the merger of SHSAD and SAD, SAD emerged victorious in the 2004 Lok Sabha election in Punjab.[2]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arnold P. Kaminsky; Roger D. Long (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d Lakhwinder Singh Sidhu; Gurpreet Singh Brar; Sumandeep Kaur Punia (1 January 2009). Politics in Punjab, 1966-2008. Unistar Books. pp. 180, 237, 287–288. ISBN 978-81-7142-667-6. 
  3. ^ a b Ramashray Roy; Paul Wallace (6 February 2007). India's 2004 Elections: Grass-Roots and National Perspectives. SAGE Publications. p. 129. ISBN 978-81-321-0110-9. 
  4. ^ Election Commission of India. List of Contestants of Sarb Hind Shiromani Akali Dal(SHSAD) (nationwide)
  5. ^ Jugdep S. Chima (24 March 2015). Ethnic Subnationalist Insurgencies in South Asia: Identities, Interests and Challenges to State Authority. Routledge. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-317-55706-7. 
  6. ^ The Tribune. Badal, Tohra factions unite - Loyalists not taken into confidence
  7. ^ M. R. Biju (2010). Developmental Issues in Contemporary India. Concept Publishing Company. p. 538. ISBN 978-81-8069-714-2.