Sarcandra glabra

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Sarcandra glabra
Sarcandra glabra1.jpg
Sarcandra glabra
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Chloranthales
Family: Chloranthaceae
Genus: Sarcandra
Species: S. glabra
Binomial name
Sarcandra glabra
Synonyms[1]
  • Ascarina serrata Blume
  • Chloranthus brachystachys Blume
  • Chloranthus ceylanicus Miq.
  • Chloranthus denticulatus Cordem.
  • Chloranthus esquirolii H.Lév.
  • Chloranthus glaber (Thunb.) Makino
  • Chloranthus hainanensis C.Pei
  • Chloranthus monander R.Br.
  • Chloranthus montanus Siebold ex Miq.
  • Sarcandra hainanensis (C.Pei) Swamy & I.W.Bailey

Sarcandra glabra is an herb native to Southeast Asia. It is also known as herba sarcandrae or glabrous sarcandra herb.

Aromatic oils may be extracted from the leaves. The entire plant has anti-stress, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, detoxifying, blood activating, and anti-bacterial effects.[2][3]

Morphology[edit]

Leaf blade elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 6–17 × 2–6 cm, leathery, margin sharply coarsely-serrate. Stamen baculate to terete; thecae shorter than connective. Stigma subcapitate. Fruit globose or ovoid, 3–4 mm in diam.[4]

Distribution[edit]

Distributed in Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Cambodia, Malaysia, India, Japan, Korea, the Philippines and mainland China, Jiangxi, Anhui, Fujian, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangdong, Zhejiang and other places, growing at an altitude of 420 meters to 1,500 meters in area, often grown in wet slopes and valleys of the forest shade. It has not yet been cultivated by artificial introduction.

Common names[edit]

"Nine-knotted flower," "bone-knitted lotus."

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 7 January 2017
  2. ^ He, RR; Yao, XS; Li, HY; Dai, Y; Duan, YH; Li, YF; Kurihara, H (2009). "The anti-stress effects of Sarcandra glabra extract on restraint-evoked immunocompromise". Biol. Pharm. Bull. 32: 247–52. doi:10.1248/bpb.32.247. PMID 19182384.
  3. ^ http://www.tcmwiki.com/wiki/zhong-jie-feng
  4. ^ Nianhe Xia and Joël Jérémie (1999), "Sarcandra Gardner, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 6: 348. 1845", Flora of China, 4, pp. 132–138