Monadofilosa

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Monadofilosa
Cercomonas sp.jpg
Cercomonas
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): SAR
(unranked): Rhizaria
Phylum: Cercozoa
Subphylum: Filosa
Superclass: Monadofilosa
Cavalier-Smith, 1997

Monadofilosa is a grouping of Cercozoa.[1] (It is sometimes considered one of three, the other two being Phytomyxa and Reticulofilosa.)[citation needed] These organisms are single-celled amoeboid protists.

Classification[edit]

Monadofilosa includes the testaceans, which are testate filose amoeboids, and the cercomonads.

It is sometimes described as Testaceafilosia and Sarcomonadea.[2]

It has also been described as Sarcomonadea (Cercomonas, Heteromita, Bodomorpha, Proleptomonas, Allantion), Thecofilosea (Cryptodifflugia, Cryothecomonas), Spongomonadea (Spongomonas, Rhipidodendron), and Imbricatea (Thaumatomonas, Thaumatomastix, Allas, Gyromitus, Euglypha, Trinema, Paulinella).[3]

Monadofilosa is sometimes treated as a superclass rather than a subphylum.

Sainouron has been grouped in Monadofilosa.[4]

Phylogeny[edit]

Phylogeny based on Bass et al. 2009,[5] Howe et al. 2011[6] and Bass et al. 2016.[7]


Metromonadea

Metopiida



Metromonadida





Cercomonadida





Glissomonadida




Pansomonadida



Sainourida




Ventrifilosa
Thecofilosea
Tectosia

Tectofilosida


Phaeodaria

Eodarida



Opaloconchida




Eothecia

Cryomonadida




Matazida




Botuliformidae



Ebriida






Silicofilosea
Placoperla
Perlatia

Perlofilida



Spongomonadida



Placofila

Rotosphaerida



Thaumatomonadida




Placonuda

Discocelida




Discomonadida




Euglyphida


Nudisarca

Variglissida



Marimonadida











Taxonomy[edit]

  • Infraphylum Monadofilosa Cavalier-Smith 1997 stat. n. Cavalier-Smith & Oates 2012 [Eoglissa Cavalier-Smiths 2012]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cavalier-Smith T, Chao EE (October 2003). "Phylogeny and classification of phylum Cercozoa (Protozoa)". Protist. 154 (3-4): 341–58. doi:10.1078/143446103322454112. PMID 14658494. 
  2. ^ Wylezich C, Meisterfeld R, Meisterfeld S, Schlegel M (2002). "Phylogenetic analyses of small subunit ribosomal RNA coding regions reveal a monophyletic lineage of euglyphid testate amoebae (Order Euglyphida)". J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 49 (2): 108–18. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2002.tb00352.x. PMID 12043958. 
  3. ^ "www.nies.go.jp". Retrieved 2009-06-26. 
  4. ^ Cavalier-Smith T, Lewis R, Chao EE, Oates B, Bass D (October 2008). "Morphology and phylogeny of Sainouron acronematica sp. n. and the ultrastructural unity of Cercozoa". Protist. 159 (4): 591–620. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2008.04.002. PMID 18583188. 
  5. ^ Bass D, Chao EE, Nikolaev S, et al. (February 2009). "Phylogeny of Novel Naked Filose and Reticulose Cercozoa: Granofilosea cl. n. and Proteomyxidea Revised". Protist. 160 (1): 75–109. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2008.07.002. PMID 18952499. 
  6. ^ Howe; et al. (2011), "Novel Cultured Protists Identify Deep-branching Environmental DNA Clades of Cercozoa: New Genera Tremula, Micrometopion, Minimassisteria, Nudifila, Peregrinia", Protist, 162: 332–372, doi:10.1016/j.protis.2010.10.002 
  7. ^ Bass, et al. (2016). "Coprophilic amoebae and flagellates, including Guttulinopsis, Rosculus and Helkesimastix, characterise a divergent and diverse rhizarian radiation and contribute to a large diversity of faecal-associated protists". Environmental Microbiology. 18 (5): 1604–1619. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13235. 

External links[edit]