Sarcophagus of Stilicho
The so-called Sarcophagus of Stilicho is a marble Early Christian sarcophagus used since before the 10th-century as the base for the pulpit of the church of Sant'Ambrogio in Milan, Italy. It appears to have been made between 387 and 390, two decades before the namesake general Stilicho's death, and is thus likely not associated with him. The sarcophagus probably does not contain the body of Stilicho.
The sarcophagus was carved from marble from quarries near Como, but appears to date stylistically from circa 390 and the reign of Theodosius the Great. The sarcophagus has solid and measured rhythms and a "greater sense of modeling." It is decorated and ornamented. The sarcophagus allows for a unified vision of Jesus and his apostles on the front side of the sarcophagus. Beneath a scene of Jesus teaching his apostles 12 sheep are depicted. The panels depict both New and Old Testament scenes including:
- Christ giving law to St Peter
- Christ among the Apostles
- Sacrifice of Isaac
The sarcophagus is made of Italian Carrara marble, and was probably manufactured in either Rome or Mediolanum (Milan). The cost of its carving technique has been estimated at 50,000 or up to 100,000 Diocletianic-era denarii.
Triumph with quadriga
- Early Christian and Byzantine Art, by John Beckwith, Richard Krautheimer, Slobodan Ćurčić; page 46.
- Hughes, Ian (2010-06-19). Stilicho: The Vandal Who Saved Rome. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-84884-910-5.
- Dijkstra, Roald (2016-01-28). The Apostles in Early Christian Art and Poetry. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-30974-6.
- DK Eyewitness Guide to Milan, page 86.
- Kiilerich, p. 205.
- Couzin, p. 282.
- Couzin, Robert (2014). "The Christian sarcophagus population of Rome". Journal of Roman Archaeology. 27: 275–303. doi:10.1017/S104775941400124X. S2CID 162418721.
- Kiilerich, Bente (1993). Late Fourth Century Classicism in the Plastic Arts: Studies in the So-called Theodosian Renaissance. Odense University Press. ISBN 87-7492-929-1.