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Temporal range: Pleistocene - recent
Tasdevil large.jpg
The Tasmanian devil is the only living species from Sarcophilus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Dasyuromorphia
Family: Dasyuridae
Tribe: Dasyurini
Genus: Sarcophilus
F.G. Cuvier, 1837
Type species
Sarcophilus laniarius
Owen, 1838

Sarcophilus is a genus of carnivorous marsupial best known for its only living member, the Tasmanian devil.

There are four species of Sarcophilus. S. laniarius and S. moornaensis are only known from fossils from the Pleistocene. S. laniarius was larger than the contemporary, and only surviving, species S. harrisii, weighing up to 10 kilograms more. The relationship between the four species is unclear; while some have proposed that S. harrisii may be a dwarf version of S. laniarius, others argue that it is a completely different species and that the two may have coexisted during the Pleistocene.


  • Long, J., Archer, M., Flannery, T. and Hand, S. 2002. Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp 55. ISBN 0-8018-7223-5.