Sarcoscypha austriaca

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Sarcoscypha austriaca
Sarcoscypha austriaca 81949.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Sarcoscyphaceae
Genus: Sarcoscypha
Species: S. austriaca
Binomial name
Sarcoscypha austriaca
(O. Beck ex Sacc.) Boud.
Synonyms

Lachnea austriaca (Beck) Sacc.
Peziza austriaca Beck

Sarcoscypha austriaca
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Mycological characteristics
smooth hymenium
no distinct cap
hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable
stipe is bare
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Sarcoscypha austriaca is a saprobic fungus in the Sarcoscyphaceae family in the Pezizales order of Ascomycota. It is commonly known as the scarlet elfcup, pézize écarlate and scharlachroter kelchbecherling.[1] The species name means "from Austria".

Distribution[edit]

This species is found in Europe and the Northeast of North America where it can be separated from Sarcoscypha dudleyi on spore characteristics.[1][2]

Description[edit]

This species is found growing on fallen pieces of dead hardwood among mosses and leaf litter in damp habitats in winter and early spring. The fruiting body is cup-shaped with a scarlet smooth, shiny interior. The exterior is covered with a felted mass of short hairs in varying shades of white and pink and a stubby stem. The flesh is white and rubbery with a thin red layer lining the cup. The spore print is white and the spores are ellipsoidal with flattened ends and containing several oil droplets. On the outside of the cup the hairs are curly or corkscrew shaped. These features distinguishes this species from the rather similar Sarcoscypha coccinea and Sarcoscypha jurana[3] It is reported to grow on the dead wood of such hosts as Alnus incana, species of Salix, Acer and Robinia.[4] It is part of a complex of species which includes Sarcoscypha coccinea and Sarcoscypha dudleyi.

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