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Saregama India
Industry Retail
Founded 13 August 1946 (The Gramophone Company), 3 November 2000 (Saregama)
Headquarters Kolkata and Mumbai, India
Area served
Key people
Vikram Mehra (MD)
Parent RPSG Group

Saregama India Ltd. is an India’s music label, film studio and a multi-language TV content producer.

The company started operations in 1901 and produced the first song recorded in India. Today it has owns sound recording and publishing copyrights of Indian music and video content across 14 different languages.

Saregama's head office is located in Mumbai, with other offices in Kolkata, Delhi and Chennai. It is listed on the NSE and BSE.



In 1901, operations started as the first overseas branch of Electrical & Musical Industries Limited, EMI London.

The company was incorporated on 13 August 1946 with the name of ‘The Gramophone Co. (India) Limited'. The name of the Company was subsequently changed to ‘The Gramophone Co. of India Limited' effective 1 April 1956. It was converted into a public company on 28 October 1968 and consequently the name of the company was changed to ‘The Gramophone Company of India Limited'.

RPG Group took over the company in 1985 from EMI when the company’s financial health was poor.

The name of the company was then changed from "The Gramophone Company of India" to ‘Saregama India Limited' on November 3, 2000. The name "Saregama" refers to the first four notes of the Indian musical scale.

In 2005, the remaining EMI stake was sold off to the parent company.

Saregama Carvaan, a multipurpose portable music player launched in May 2017.


For first 100 years, the company retailed its products (vinyls, cassettes, CDs) under the brand name HMV, and was synonymous with film music in India. From 2000 onwards, it started retailing its products under brand name Saregama.

Dum Dum Recording Studio[edit]

Saregama’s recording studio, called Dum Dum studio, was built in 1928 in Calcutta. It is one of the oldest studios in Southeast Asia. Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore had recorded his songs and poems in his own voice at this studio. Rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam's voice was also recorded here.

This studio also housed sprawling manufacturing facilities for production of Gramophone Records and thereafter Music Cassettes. With advent of digital formats, the physical formats progressively went out of consumers patronage and consequently, these manufacturing facilities were shut down.

Artistes who have recorded at this studio include K.C.Dey, Hemanta Mukherjee, Sandhya Mukherjee, Manna Dey, Kabir Suman, Suchitra Mitra, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Pandit Ravi Shankarand Ustad Bismillah Khan. Film director Satyajit Ray preferred to record his musical scores for his films at Dum Dum studio.