Sarenga, Bankura (community development block)

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Sarenga
সারেঙ্গা
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Sarenga is located in West Bengal
Sarenga
Sarenga
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°46′00″N 87°02′00″E / 22.7667°N 87.0333°E / 22.7667; 87.0333Coordinates: 22°46′00″N 87°02′00″E / 22.7667°N 87.0333°E / 22.7667; 87.0333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 228.07 km2 (88.06 sq mi)
Elevation 79 m (259 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,06,808
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722150 (Sarenga)
Telephone/STD code 03243
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 74.25%
Lok Sabha constituency Bankura
Vidhan Sabha constituency Raipur
Website bankurasarengablock.org

Sarenga is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Red corridor[edit]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there had been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[2]

The CPI (Maoist) extremism which started in the district in the mid-nineties was mainly concentrated in five police station areas of Khatra subdivision – Sarenga, Barikul, Ranibandh, Raipur and Simlapal. They also functioned across the adjoining areas of Paschim Medinipur and Purulia districts.[3]

The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[4] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Sarenga is located at 22°46′00″N 87°02′00″E / 22.7667°N 87.0333°E / 22.7667; 87.0333.

Sarenga CD Block is located in the south-eastern part of the district and belongs to the hard rock area.[6]

Sarenga CD Block is bounded by Simlapal CD Block on the north, Garhbeta II CD Block, in Paschim Medinipur district, on the east, Binpur I and Binpur II CD Blocks, in Paschim Medinipur, on the south and Raipur CD Block on the west.[7][8]

It is located 60 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[7]

Sarenga CD Block has an area of 223.78 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 80 gram sansads (village councils), 166 mouzas and 153 inhabited villages. Sarenga police station serves this block.[9] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Sarenga.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Sarenga block are: Sarenga, Bikrampur, Chiltore, Gargaria, Goalbari and Neturpur.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Sarenga CD Block had a total population of 106,808, all of which were rural. There were 54,168 (51%) males and 52,640 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 12,408. Scheduled Castes numbered 31,194 (29.21%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 20,407 (19.11%). [11]

As per 2001 census, Sarenga block had a total population of 95,095, out of which 48,752 were males and 46,343 were females. Sarenga block registered a negative population growth of -11.88 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 13.79 per cent.[12] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[13]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Sarenga CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Sarenga (5,888).[11]

Other villages in Sarenga CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Goalbari (1,752), Neturpur (1,151), Chiltor (1,011), Bikrampur (1,688) and Garagrya (1,922).[11]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Sarenga CD Block was 70,096 (74.25% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 40,427 (84.63% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 29,669 (63.62%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 21.01%.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[7]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by around 10% of the population in the district. Some people also speak Mundari.[14]

Religion in Sarenga CD Block
Hindu
  
78.21%
Christian
  
1.29%
Muslim
  
0.46%
Others
  
20.04%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 83,534 and formed 78.21% of the population in Sarenga CD Block. Christians numbered 1,382 and formed 1.29% of the population. Muslims numbered 489 and formed 0.46% of the population. Others numbered 21,403 and formed 20.04% of the population.[15] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[16] and other religious communities.[15]

BPL families[edit]

In Sarenga CD Block 41.57% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[17]

Migration has been observed in the following CD Blocks of Bankura district: Bankura I, Chhatna, Saltora, Indpur, Ranibandh, Hirbandh, Khatra, Raipur and Sarenga. Although authentic figures are not available, a sample survey has been done. According to the sample survey, around 54.5% to 85.4% of the families on an average migrate from these blocks. Another study shows that around 23% of the people from the under-privileged blocks in the western and southern Bankura migrate. Those migrating belong mostly to the SC or ST population. They migrate for periods varying from 15 days to 6/8 months. Most people migrate to meet their food deficit and go to Bardhaman and Hooghly districts but some go to Gujarat and Maharashtra as construction labour.[17]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

151 or 91% of mouzas in Sarenga CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[18]

153 mouzas in Sarenga CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 51 fertiliser depots, 8 seed stores and 39 fair price shops in the CD Block.[18]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Sarenga CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 2.91%, patta (document) holders 9.07%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 9.31%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 27.36% and agricultural labourers 51.35%.[18]

In 2003-04 net area sown Sarenga CD Block was 12,947 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 10,601 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Sarenga CD Block was 15,370 hectares, out of which 9,723 hectares was by canal water, 950 hectares by tank water, 700 hectares by river lift irrigation, 2,905 hectares by shallow tubewell, 17 hectares by open dug wells and 1,075 hectares by other methods.[18]

In 2013-14, Sarenga CD Block produced 102,823 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 36,541 hectares, 308 tonnes of wheat from 142 hectares and 22,557,000 tonnes of potatoes from 1,310 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[18]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Sarenga CD Block had 305 looms in operation.[20]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. The terracotta and decorative items include horse, elephant, tiger, ox, flower vase, Mansa Saj, ash-tray and other items of religious use. These are produced in the following CD Blocks: Taldangra, Sonamukhi, Sarenga, Bankura I and Bankura II. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 107 families were involved in Sarenga CD Block.[21]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Sarenga CD Block had offices of 3 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[18]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Sarenga CD Block had 6 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway railway station is 38 km from the CD Block headquarters.[18]

State Highway 4 (West Bengal) running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Digha foreshore (in Purba Medinipur district) and State Highway 9 (West Bengal), running from Durgapur to Nayagram, pass through this CD Block.[22]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Sarenga CD Block had 115 primary schools with 9,179 students, 7 middle schools with 1,219 students, 3 high schools with 1,434 students and 13 higher secondary schools with 10,469 students. Sarenga CD Block had 1 general college with 3,410 students, 2 professional/ technical institutions with 116 students and 111 institutions for special and non-formal education with 4,418 students.[23]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Sarenga CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 1 prmary health centres with total 202 beds and 6 doctors. It had 17 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 6,011 patients were treated indoor and 114,455 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Bankura District Police". Bankura Police District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "Kishenji's death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "Sarenga". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura by L.S.S.O'Malley, first published 1908, reprint 1995" (PDF). Language p. 51-52. Bankura District Administration. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  24. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.