Sargans Castle

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Sargans Castle
Schloss Sargans
Sargans
Sargans-001.jpg
Sargans Castle from the south-east
Sargans Castle is located in Canton of St. Gallen
Sargans Castle
Sargans Castle
Sargans Castle is located in Switzerland
Sargans Castle
Sargans Castle
Coordinates 47°03′01″N 9°26′14″E / 47.050194°N 9.437282°E / 47.050194; 9.437282Coordinates: 47°03′01″N 9°26′14″E / 47.050194°N 9.437282°E / 47.050194; 9.437282
Code CH-SG
Height 535 m above the sea
Site information
Condition museum
Site history
Built 12th century[1]

Sargans Castle is a castle in the municipality of Sargans of the Canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[2]

The castle dates back to 1282. Since 1899, it has been run by the local church and now houses the Sarganserland museum.[3]

History[edit]

Beginning in 982 the Sargans region was part of the lands of the Counts of Bregenz.[4] In 1160, the male line of the Counts of Bregenz died out. Count palatine Hugo of Türbingen inherited most of their lands, through his wife Elisabeth. His son, Hugo, inherited the Bregenz lands around Lake Constance, including Sargans. This Hugo, who adopted the name Montfort und Werdenberg built or expanded Sargans Castle before his death in 1228.[5] Excavations around the oldest part of the castle show that there was an earlier fort or castle, but nothing is known about that building.[6] Hugo built the large bergfried, expanded the walls to the west and may have built a palas on that side of the castle.

In the mid-13th century the Montfort und Werdenberg lands were divided between Hugo of Werdenberg-Heiligenberg and his brother Hartmann of Werdenberg-Sargans. Hartmann took up residence in the castle and probably expanded the palas. The castle was first mentioned in 1282. Over the following century the wealth and lands of the Counts of Werdenberg-Sargans were divided over and over again between descendants. By the last 14th century, Count Johann I ruled over a small and poor county under the Habsburgs. In the Battle of Näfels in 1388, the count commanded a wing of the Austrian army that was supposed to cross the Kerenzerberg Pass. However, when he saw the threatened destruction of the main Austrian army, he fled back over the pass. The cost of the war, as well as other expenses forced Johann I to sell the castle and village to Leopold of Austria.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Schloss Sargans". Sargans municipality. 
  2. ^ "Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance". A-Objects. Federal Office for Cultural Protection (BABS). 1 January 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  3. ^ "Ortsgemeinde Sargans". 
  4. ^ Sarganserland in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ "Schloss Sargans". www.swisscastles.ch. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Burg Sargans". www.burgenwelt.ch. Retrieved 28 September 2017.