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Temporal range: 55–0 Ma
Early Eocene to Present [1]
Sargocentron coruscum - pone.0010676.g039.png
Sargocentron coruscum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Beryciformes
Family: Holocentridae
Genus: Sargocentron
Fowler, 1904
Type species
Holocentrum leo
G. Cuvier, 1829

Sargocentron is a genus of squirrelfish (family Holocentridae) found in tropical parts of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, with the greatest species diversity near reefs in the Indo-Pacific.[2] Being largely or entirely nocturnal, they have relatively large eyes. Red and silvery colours dominate. The preopercle spines (near the gill-opening) are venomous and can give painful wounds.[3][4] Most have a maximum length of 15–25 cm (6–10 in), but S. iota barely reaches 8 cm (3 in), and S. spiniferum can reach more than 50 cm (20 in).[2]


There are currently 33 recognized species in this genus:[2]


  1. ^ Sepkoski, J.J.Jr (2002): A Compendium of Fossil Marine Animal Genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 363: 1-560.
  2. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2016). Species of Sargocentron in FishBase. October 2016 version.
  3. ^ Allen, G. 1999. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and south-east Asia. ISBN 0-7309-8363-3
  4. ^ Debelius, H. 1993. Indian Ocean Tropical Fish Guide. ISBN 3-927991-01-5
  5. ^ Kotlyar, A.N. (2017): Holocentridae from Borodino Submarine Elevation (Philippine Sea). Journal of Ichthyology, 57 (1): 37–44.