Sargodha

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Sargodha
سرگودها
City
Mainentry Sargodha public school.jpg
Nickname(s): City of Eagles[1]
Sargodha is located in Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Division[2] Sargodha Division
Area
 • City 5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population (January 2015)[3]
 • Rank 11th (Pakistan)[4]
 • Urban 710,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 048
Number of towns 59
Number of union councils 22

Sargodha (Punjabi, Urdu: سرگودها‎) is a city and the administrative centre of the Sargodha Division located in the Punjab province, Pakistan. It is the 11th most populous metropolitan area of Pakistan[4] and also known as "City of Eagles".[5]

History

The origins of this city are quite old but the proper town was established by the British in 1903.[6] Although it was a small town in the beginning, the British Royal Air Force built an airport here due to its strategic location.[7]

Geography

Sargodha is located in the Sargodha District, 172  km west of Lahore and roughly 94 km northwest of Faisalabad. It is located mainly on flat plains although there are a few small hills on the Sargodha-Faisalabad Road. [8]

Climate

The city has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.

Climate data for Sargodha (1960–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
32
(90)
38
(100)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
18.8
(65.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
36
(1.42)
24
(0.94)
13
(0.51)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
82
(3.23)
87
(3.43)
43
(1.69)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
12
(0.47)
400
(15.74)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 5 4 3 3 7 7 4 1 1 1 45
Source: Weather2,[9]

Demographics

Total population of the city was 458,440[4] according to the 1998 census. The majority of the people in the city speak Punjabi.[7]

Administration

Sargodha is the capital of Sargodha Tehsil. As of October 2012, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored and Sargodha became the divisional headquarters of districts Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. The city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 union councils.[10]

Local features

Sargodha lies about 30 miles from the M-2 motorway which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is also connected to Faisalabad by a highway. Daewoo Bus Service drives regular routes from Sargodha to the rest of the country.[11] Sargodha is also connected by the rest of the country through the rail.[12] Sargodha Junction railway station is located on Shorkot-Lala Musa branch railway line. Sargodha is home to the Sargodha Cricket Stadium.[13]

Mushaf Air Base

Pakistan's largest [14] airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School.[15]

Educational institutions

Notable people

References