Sargodha District

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ضِلع سرگودها
Sargodha District
Location of Sargodha district in West Punjab
Location of Sargodha district in West Punjab
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Headquarters Sargodha
 • Total 5,864 km2 (2,264 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 2,665,979
 • Density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 7

Sargodha District (Urdu: ضِلع سرگودها‎), is a district of Punjab, Pakistan. The capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region is also famous for citrus fruit; kino is a newly developed variety. The district has an area of 5,864 km2.[1]

Administration and Tehsils[edit]

Sargodha District is administratively divided into Seven Tehsils, which contain a total of 161 Union Councils,[2] population according to the 1998 census of Pakistan:[3]

Tehsil Population (1998) No. of Unions
Bhera 100,000 15
Bhalwal 820,000 16
Kot Momin 420,000 30
Sahiwal 236,000 14
Sargodha 1,081,000 62
Shahpur 274,000 16
Silanwali 255,000 16


The population of Sargodha grew rapidly with the arrival of Muslim refugees from northern India, fleeing from the religious violence that followed the partition of India and the independence of Pakistan in 1947. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 2,665,979 of which 27.96% lived in urban settlements.[4]


It is believed that there was an old pond in the middle of the town where an old Hindu monk or sadhu (godha) used to live. The Hindi word for pond is "ser".[5] Since the town had a modest population, people would refer the place as sergodha, the place where that famous Sadhu resided next to the pond.[6]


The Sargodha District was an agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus migrated here, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000.[citation needed] The Sargodha was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.[citation needed]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region.[citation needed] The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to conversions patronized by Muslim kings effected both forcefully and by missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.[citation needed]

There is a market at the place where Gool Khuuh used to exist and a grand mosque above the market and it is known as "Goal Chowk", which is the center of downtown Sargodha today.[5][6]

Local media[edit]


  1. ^ District Wise – Sargodha[dead link]
  2. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha – Government of Pakistan. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  3. ^ 1998 Census figures.
  4. ^ Urban Resource Centre.
  5. ^ a b Portrait of Pakistan. Ferozsons. Retrieved 2007-12-31. The district derives its name for the headquarters town of Sargodha, which is a combination of "Sar" and "Godha". "Sar" is a Hindi word which denotes a water... 
  6. ^ a b Pakistan tourism directory. Holiday Weekly. Retrieved 2007-12-31. Sargodha is a colony town established in 1903, but its origins are older. Sargodha is a combination of the words "Sar" meaning a pond and "Godha"... 


Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°30′E / 32.167°N 72.500°E / 32.167; 72.500