Sarina, Queensland

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Sarina
Queensland
Sarina, Queensland (iii).jpg
Plane Creek Sugar Mill
Sarina is located in Queensland
Sarina
Sarina
Coordinates21°25′21″S 149°13′03″E / 21.4225°S 149.2175°E / -21.4225; 149.2175 (Sarina)
Population5,522 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density22.026/km2 (57.048/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4737
Area250.7 km2 (96.8 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)Mackay Region
State electorate(s)Mirani
Federal Division(s)Capricornia
Localities around Sarina:
Sunnyside Munburra
Alligator Creek
Grasstree Beach
Sarina Beach
Blue Mountain Sarina Freshwater Point
Armstrong Beach
Sarina Range Koumala Coral Sea

Sarina /səˈrnə/[2] is a rural town and coastal locality in the Mackay Region, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] In the 2016 census, Sarina had a population of 5,522 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Sarina lies just inland of the east coast of Queensland, 34 kilometres (21 mi) south of the city of Mackay, and approximately 300 kilometres (190 mi) north of the city of Rockhampton. The Bruce Highway passes through the locality from south to north, as does the North Coast railway line.[5]

The town of Sarina is located on Plane Creek, which flows into the Coral Sea, but most of the urban development is on the northern side of the creek. The Bruce Highway and the railway line pass through the town, which is served by the Sarina railway station.[5]

Plane Creek West (previously known as Plane Creek Upper) is a neighbourhood within the locality (21°25′00″S 149°10′00″E / 21.4167°S 149.1667°E / -21.4167; 149.1667 (Plane Creek West (neighbourhood))), approximately 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) west of the town of Sarina.[6]

The neighbourhood of Oonooie lies 6.8 km south of the town (21°28′00″S 149°13′59″E / 21.46667°S 149.23306°E / -21.46667; 149.23306 (Oonoie (neighbourhood))) and is the name of a former railway station on the North Coast line, which was named on 29 April 1915, reportedly after a principal clanswoman of that area.[5][7]

The neighbourhood of Mount Convenient lies 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) north of the town (21°24′00″S 149°12′00″E / 21.40000°S 149.20000°E / -21.40000; 149.20000 (Mount Convenient (neighbourhood))) and is the name of a former railway station on the North Coast line, which was named on 30 October 1913 after a nearby peak, Mount Convenient.[5][8]

The neighbourhood of Swayneville lies 9.9 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-west of the town (21°28′00″S 149°09′00″E / 21.46667°S 149.15000°E / -21.46667; 149.15000 (Swayneville (neighbourhood))).[9]

The Goonyella railway line passes along the eastern boundary of the locality towards the Hay Point coal terminal.[5]

Mount Chelona (204 metres (669 ft) above sea level) is located in the north of the locality near where the Bruce Highway exits the locality north to Alligator Creek.[10]

History[edit]

Yuwibara (also known as Yuibera, Yuri, Juipera, Yuwiburra) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Yuwibara country. It is closely related to the Biri languages/dialects. The Yuwibara language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Mackay Region.[11]

Sarina was originally known as Plane Creek, but took its present name from the Sarina Inlet which was in turn named after Sarina, the Greek mythological enchantress, by William Charles Borlase Wilson, a surveyor, some time before 1882.[3][12][13]

Plane Creek Provisional School opened on 5 August 1897. In 1907 it became Plane Creek State School. In 1912 it was renamed Sarina State School. On 31 January 1956 a secondary department was added to the school, which operated until January 1964, when Sarina State High School opened.[14]

Plane Creek Upper Provisional School opened on 1900 and closed on 1969. On 1 January 1909 it became Plane Creek Upper State School. In 1928 it was renamed Plane Creek West State School. It closed in 1969.[14]

Hillside State School opened in 1909 and closed on circa 1926.[14]

Middle Creek Provisional School opened in 1915. In 1916 it was renamed Laburnum Grove Provisional School. It closed circa 1941.[14]

St Anne's Catholic Primary School was officially opened on 23 May 1925 by the Sisters of Mercy.[14][15]

Mount Chelona State School opened on 4 September 1933 and closed circa 1941.[14]

Swayneville State School opened on 26 August 1935.[14]

Sarina State High School opened on 28 January 1964.[14][16] In 2014, the school celebrated its 50th anniversary.[17]

At the 2006 census, Sarina had a population of 3,285.[18]

In the 2011 census, Sarina had a population of 5,730 people.[19]

On 24 October 2014 the former Mount Pelion State School building was moved to Sarina from the Northview State School in Mount Pleasant (where it was relocated in 1987) to be restored as part of the Sarina Art and Craft Centre in Railway Square.[20][21][22]

In the 2016 census, Sarina had a population of 5,522 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Sarina has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Economy[edit]

Industries include sugar cane growing and milling, cattle grazing and agriculture. It is a major supplier of ethanol through Wilmar International's Plane Creek sugar mill (21°25′42″S 149°12′58″E / 21.4283°S 149.2162°E / -21.4283; 149.2162 (Plane Creek sugar mill)).[25][26]

Approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) north is the second largest export coal terminal in Australia,[27] and one of the biggest coal distribution terminals in the world, Hay Point.

Education[edit]

Sarina State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Broad Street (21°25′20″S 149°13′03″E / 21.4222°S 149.2174°E / -21.4222; 149.2174 (Sarina State School)).[28][29] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 465 students with 35 teachers (33 full-time equivalent) and 24 non-teaching staff (17 full-time equivalent).[30] It includes a special education program.[31]

Swayneville State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 952 Sarina Marlborough Road (21°28′21″S 149°08′38″E / 21.4726°S 149.1440°E / -21.4726; 149.1440 (Swayneville State School)).[28][32] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 112 students with 12 teachers (10 full-time equivalent) and 11 non-teaching staff (6 full-time equivalent).[30] It includes a special education program.[28]

St Anne's Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 3 Range Road (21°25′27″S 149°12′51″E / 21.4243°S 149.2143°E / -21.4243; 149.2143 (St Anne's Catholic Primary School)).[28][33] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 210 students with 20 teachers (17 full-time equivalent) and 15 non-teaching staff (7 full-time equivalent).[30]

Sarina State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Anzac Street (21°25′15″S 149°12′49″E / 21.4208°S 149.2136°E / -21.4208; 149.2136 (Sarina State High School)).[28][34] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 743 students with 64 teachers (61 full-time equivalent) and 43 non-teaching staff (27 full-time equivalent).[30] It includes a special education program.[28]

Amenities[edit]

The Mackay Regional Council operates a library at 65 Broad Street (21°25′17″S 149°13′00″E / 21.4213°S 149.2166°E / -21.4213; 149.2166 (Sarina Library)) and operates a mobile library service on a fortnightly schedule at Swayneville near the school.[35][36] The library facility opened in 1984 with a major refurbishment in 2013.[37]

The Sarina branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Hall at 2 Broad Street (21°25′33″S 149°13′07″E / 21.4257°S 149.2187°E / -21.4257; 149.2187 (QCWA Hall)).[38]

There are a number of churches in Sarina, including:

Sport[edit]

Sarina is home of the Sarina Crocodiles, a Rugby league club, producing Queensland representative players including Martin Bella, Dale Shearer, Kevin Campion, Daly Cherry-Evans and dual international Wendell Sailor.[50]

Attractions[edit]

Buffy, the Big Cane Toad

A large cane toad statue, called Buffy, is situated in the town centre on the Bruce Highway (21°25′21″S 149°13′02″E / 21.4226°S 149.2173°E / -21.4226; 149.2173 (Buffy the Cane Toad)) in honour of Sarina's cane farming history. Buffy was made from fibreglass in the early 1980s for a parade float for the Apex Sugar Festival. The name Buffy comes from the species name bufo marinus.[51] Buffy has been painted for the "state of origin" football game multiple times and has even been stolen. To try and deter further theft, buffy has been chained to the concrete slab on broad street where he resides, though this hasn't stopped people from decorating Buffy with "Queenslander" flags and state of origin banners.

The Sarina Arts & Craft Centre is at 1 Railway Square (21°25′35″S 149°13′03″E / 21.4263°S 149.2175°E / -21.4263; 149.2175 (Sarina Arts & Craft Centre)) adjacent to the Mackay Region Visitor Information Centre.[52] It occupies three historic buildings: the old court house built in 1906, the old jail built circa 1906, and the former Mount Pelion State School building built 1926.[53]

Sarina Museum is also in Railway Square (21°25′36″S 149°13′03″E / 21.4267°S 149.2176°E / -21.4267; 149.2176 (Sarina Museum)) in the former Catholic presbytery relocated to this site in 2001.[54]

Also in Railway Square is the Sarina Sugar Shed (21°25′39″S 149°13′04″E / 21.4275°S 149.2177°E / -21.4275; 149.2177 (Sarina Sugar Shed)), an information centre about the sugar industry. It shows how sugar is grown and processed using a working miniature sugar mill into an array of products.[55]

Notable people from Sarina[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sarina (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ a b "Sarina – town in Mackay Region (entry 29962)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Sarina – locality in Mackay Region (entry 49372)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Plane Creek West – unbounded locality in the Mackay Region (entry 27050)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Oonooie – neighbourhood (entry 25483)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Mount Convenient – neighbourhood (entry 22996)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Swayneville (entry 32988)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  10. ^ "Mount Chelona – mountain in the Mackay Region (entry 6981)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  11. ^ CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yuwibara". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  12. ^ "Sara Inlet (entry 29968)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  13. ^ "The history of names: Mackay district". www.abc.net.au. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  15. ^ "Our History". St Anne's Catholic Primary School, Sarina. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  16. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Queensland school anniversaries". Education Queensland. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  18. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Sarina (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  19. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sarina". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 January 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  20. ^ Zakilew, D.C. (24 October 2014). "Old school building moves on". Mackay Daily Mercury. Archived from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  21. ^ "The perils of school at Pelion". Mackay Daily Mercury. 24 February 2018. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  22. ^ "The Sarina Arts & Crafts Centre". Mackay Regional Council. 12 May 2015. Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  23. ^ "Sarina Air Raid Shelter (former) (entry 650229)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  24. ^ "Sarina War Memorial (entry 601291)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  25. ^ Council, Mackay Regional (24 January 2011). "Overview". www.mackay.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  26. ^ "Mills - Wilmar Sugar". www.wilmarsugar-anz.com. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  27. ^ Coal in Australia#Major coal export ports
  28. ^ a b c d e f "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  29. ^ "Sarina State School". Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  30. ^ a b c d "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  31. ^ "Sarina SS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  32. ^ "Swayneville State School". Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  33. ^ "St Anne's Catholic Primary School". Archived from the original on 3 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  34. ^ "Sarina State High School". Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  35. ^ "Libraries: Contact/Opening Hours". Mackay Regional Council. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  36. ^ "Mobile Library Timetable 2017" (PDF). Mackay Regional Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  37. ^ "Queensland Public Library Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  38. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  39. ^ "St Anne's Catholic Church". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  40. ^ "Sarina". Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockhampton. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  41. ^ "St Luke's Anglican Church". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  42. ^ "Sarina". Ministry Units. Anglican Diocese of North Queensland. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  43. ^ "Sarina Uniting Church". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  44. ^ "The Wesleyan Methodist Church - Sarina". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  45. ^ "North Queensland". Wesleyan Methodist Church Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  46. ^ "Sarina Presbyterian Church". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  47. ^ "Details of Mackay Presbyterian Church". Presbyterian Church of Queensland. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  48. ^ "New Life Church". Churches Australia. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  49. ^ "NewLife Church". Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  50. ^ "Sarina Rugby League Club celebrates the past and the present". Daily Mercury. 10 June 2013. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  51. ^ "Sarina's iconic toad to be removed to get a 'facelift' 22nd Jan 2016 12:00 PM". Daily Mercury. 22 January 2016. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  52. ^ "Sarina Art & Craft". Sarina Field of Dreams Parklands, Mackay Region, Queensland. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  53. ^ "The Sarina Arts & Crafts Centre". Mackay Regional Council. 12 May 2015. Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  54. ^ "Sarina Museum". Mackay Regional Council. 2 November 2009. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  55. ^ "Sarina Sugar Shed". Mackay Regional Council. 16 February 2012. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Sarina". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.
  • "Map of Sarina". 1979.