Sarlat-la-Canéda

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Sarlat-la-Canéda
Subprefecture and commune
1 sarlat la caneda 2016.jpg
Coat of arms of Sarlat-la-Canéda
Coat of arms
Sarlat-la-Canéda is located in France
Sarlat-la-Canéda
Sarlat-la-Canéda
Location within Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
Sarlat-la-Canéda is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Sarlat-la-Canéda
Sarlat-la-Canéda
Coordinates: 44°53′34″N 1°12′55″E / 44.8928°N 01.2153°E / 44.8928; 01.2153Coordinates: 44°53′34″N 1°12′55″E / 44.8928°N 01.2153°E / 44.8928; 01.2153
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Sarlat-la-Canéda
Canton Sarlat-la-Canéda
Intercommunality Sarladais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Jacques de Peretti
Area1 47.13 km2 (18.20 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 9,331
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sarladais, Sarladaises
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 24520 /24200
Elevation 102–319 m (335–1,047 ft)
(avg. 189 m or 620 ft)
Website www.sarlat.fr

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sarlat-la-Canéda (French: [saʁ.la.la.ka.ne.da] ; Occitan: Sarlat e La Canedat), or simply Sarlat, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

The town of Sarlat is in a region known in France as the Périgord Noir (the Black Périgord, as opposed to the Green Périgord, the White Périgord, and the Purple Périgord).

History[edit]

Sarlat is a medieval town that developed around a large Benedictine abbey of Carolingian origin. The medieval Sarlat Cathedral is dedicated to Saint Sacerdos.

Because modern history has largely passed it by, Sarlat has remained preserved and one of the towns most representative of 14th century France. It owes its current status on France's Tentative List for future nomination as a UNESCO World Heritage site to the enthusiasm of writer, resistance fighter and politician André Malraux, who, as Minister of Culture (1960–1969), restored the town and many other sites of historic significance throughout France. The centre of the old town consists of impeccably restored stone buildings and is largely car-free.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19688,801—    
19759,765+11.0%
19829,670−1.0%
19909,909+2.5%
19999,751−1.6%
20089,331−4.3%

Economy[edit]

  • Agriculture: Agriculture has long been of importance in the Dordogne area around Sarlat. Tobacco has been grown around Sarlat since 1857 and has historically been a major commodity for the area, although it is on the wane. Other agricultural commodities include corn, hay, walnuts, walnut oil, cheeses, wine, cèpes (a species of wild mushroom) and truffles.
  • Tourism: Numerous visitors—especially from northern Europe (the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, etc.)—come on holiday to Sarlat and the region surrounding it and some have settled there permanently. The months of July and August are traditionally the haute saison (high season) for visitors, as is true in much of France outside Paris.
  • Foie gras: There are several large foie gras factories as well as a number of small producers of geese and ducks in the region that make foie gras and other products (confits, pâté, etc.) from these birds.

A film festival has been held there every November since 1991

Transport[edit]

Notable inhabitants[edit]

Cimetière Sarlat

Sarlat was the birthplace of:

  • Étienne de La Boétie (1530–1563), judge, writer, and philosopher, friend of Montaigne
  • François Fournier-Sarlovèze (1773-1827), French general of the Napoleonic Wars
  • Gauthier de Costes, seigneur de la Calprenède (c.1610-1663), novelist and dramatist
  • Gabriel Tarde, judge and sociologist (1843–1904)
  • André Malraux, a square and a gallery of paintings bear the name of the former Minister of Culture. This is explained by the fact that it is considered by many Sarladais as the savior of the historical district of the city. While visiting Sarlat, he realized that the city was in danger of ruins in certain neighborhoods and that some monuments were being destroyed. The Saved Areas Act was drafted to save the city.

Cultural references[edit]

The town and region have featured in two major Hollywood films: Ridley Scott's The Duellists (1978) based on Joseph Conrad's Napoleonic tale; and more recently Timeline (2003) adapted from Michael Crichton's time-travel novel, set in 14th century France.

In the cemetery of Sarlat one can admire the pyramid or rests François Fournier-Sarlovèze

Other movies partly shot in Sarlat include:

The city also appears in the first instalments of French author Robert Merle's saga Fortune de France, which tells the story of a fictitious Huguenot, Pierre de Siorac, during the 16th and 17th century in France.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]