Sarma cave

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Sarma Cave
Map showing the location of Sarma Cave
Map showing the location of Sarma Cave
Map showing the location of Sarma Cave
Map showing the location of Sarma Cave
LocationAbkhazia,[note 1] Georgia
Coordinates43°24′N 40°21′E / 43.400°N 40.350°E / 43.400; 40.350
Depth1,830 m (6,000 ft)[1]
GeologyLimestone

Sarma Cave (Georgian: სარმის მღვიმე), located in Gagra District of Abkhazia,[note 1] a breakaway region of Georgia, is the third deepest recorded cave in the world. Its current depth (1830 m) was measured in 2012 by a team led by Pavel Rudko.[2]

Fauna[edit]

Two species of stygobiont amphipods have been found: Zenkevitchia sandroruffoi[3] living at depths of no more than -350 m and found in other caves of eastern Arabika Massif, in Troika Cave (at -30 m) and in Eagle's Nest Cave (-75 m), and Adaugammarus pilosus[4] inhabiting aquatic biotopes in the deep part of the cave (elevations -1270 m and -1700 m).[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The political status of Abkhazia is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Georgia in 1992, Abkhazia is formally recognised as an independent state by 5 UN member states (two other states recognised it but then withdrew their recognition), while Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own territory, designating it as Russian-occupied territory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Great Caves of the World". Portalul Speologilor din Romania. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  2. ^ Klimchouk, Alexander (28 Aug 2012). "The second deepest cave in the World became deeper". Speleogenesis. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  3. ^ Zenkevitchia sandroruffoi COPEPEDIA
  4. ^ Adaugammarus pilosus COPEPEDIA
  5. ^ Sidorov, Dmitry A.; Gontcharov, Andrey A.; Sharina, Svetlana N. (2015-12-24). "A new genus and two new species of cavernicolous amphipods (Crustacea: Typhlogammaridae) from the Western Caucasus". European Journal of Taxonomy (168). doi:10.5852/ejt.2015.168. ISSN 2118-9773.