Sarmatic mixed forests

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Sarmatic mixed forests
Haanja Upland.jpg
Deciduous trees mixed with conifers
Ecoregion PA0436.png
Ecoregion PA0436
Biometemperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Area846,100 km2 (326,700 sq mi)
Coordinates56°43′N 27°27′E / 56.717°N 27.450°E / 56.717; 27.450Coordinates: 56°43′N 27°27′E / 56.717°N 27.450°E / 56.717; 27.450
Protected84,571 km² (10%)[1]

The Sarmatic mixed forests constitute an ecoregion within the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature classification (ecoregion PA0436).[2][3] The term comes from the word "Sarmatia".


This ecoregion is situated in Europe between boreal forests/taiga in the north and the broadleaf belt in the south and occupies about 846,100 km² (326,700 mi²) in southernmost Norway, southern Sweden (except southernmost), southwesternmost Finland, northern Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, northern Belarus and the central part of European Russia.[4]

It is bordered by the ecoregions of Scandinavian and Russian taiga (north), Urals montane tundra and taiga (east), East European forest steppe (southeast), Central European mixed forests (southwest) and Baltic mixed forests (west), as well as by the Baltic Sea.


The ecoregion consists of mixed forests dominated by Quercus robur (which only occasionally occurs farther north), Picea abies (which disappears further south due to insufficient moisture) and Pinus sylvestris (in drier locations). Geobotanically, it is divided between the Central European and Eastern European floristic provinces of the Circumboreal Region of the Holarctic Kingdom.


  1. ^ Eric Dinerstein, David Olson, et al. (2017). An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm, BioScience, Volume 67, Issue 6, June 2017, Pages 534–545; Supplemental material 2 table S1b. [1]
  2. ^ "Sarmatic mixed forests". World Wildlife Federation. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  3. ^ "Sarmatic mixed forests". Encyclopedia of the Earth. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
  4. ^ "Sarmatic mixed forests". Digital Observatory for Protected Areas. Retrieved October 19, 2020.

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