Sarno (river)

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Affresco romano - Pompei - Casa dei triclini - triclinio c fiume sarno.JPG
Personification of Sarno in Pompei
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationAbove Sarno
 ⁃ elevation30 m (98 ft)
MouthTyrrhenian Sea
 ⁃ location
Bay of Naples, near Pompeii
 ⁃ coordinates
40°43′43″N 14°28′09″E / 40.7285°N 14.4692°E / 40.7285; 14.4692Coordinates: 40°43′43″N 14°28′09″E / 40.7285°N 14.4692°E / 40.7285; 14.4692
Length24 km (15 mi)
Basin size500 km2 (190 sq mi)
 ⁃ average13 m3/s (460 cu ft/s)

The Sarno, known as Sarnus to the Romans, is a stream that passes through Pompeii to the south of the Italian city of Naples.[1] It is considered the most polluted river in Europe,[2] as a result of industrial waste. It flows about 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the base of Mt. Sarno to the Bay of Naples collecting water from the Solofrana and Cavaiola tributaries during the course of its flow.

It is still partially used for irrigation, as well as the transportation of goods and fishing. It is part of the Sarno river basin, which covers about 500 square kilometres (190 sq mi).[3]

The Sarno is the most polluted river in Italy due to the agricultural waste and waste water from the tanning factories around the town of Solofra.

There are about 500 small industries in the area which still pollute. Water treatment plants have been installed, however, they do not work to full capacity. The mouth of the river continues to make bathing in the sea impossible, despite numerous protests.


  1. ^ Purcell, N., R. Talbert, S. Gillies, T. Elliott, J. Becker. "Places: 433102 (Sarnus (river))". Pleiades. Retrieved March 21, 2015.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Water Pollution Facts
  3. ^ Albanese, S; Iavazzo, P; Adamo, P; Lima, A; De Vivo, B. "Assessment of the environmental conditions of the Sarno river basin (south Italy): a stream sediment approach". Environ Geochem Health. 35: 283–97. doi:10.1007/s10653-012-9483-x. PMID 23053925.

External links[edit]

  • [1] Sarno River: Italy

SOURCE: National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA