Sarno (river)

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Sarno
Affresco romano - Pompei - Casa dei triclini - triclinio c fiume sarno.JPG
Personification of Sarno in Pompei
Location
CountryItaly
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationAbove Sarno
 • elevation30 m (98 ft)
MouthTyrrhenian Sea
 • location
Bay of Naples, near Pompeii
 • coordinates
40°43′43″N 14°28′09″E / 40.7285°N 14.4692°E / 40.7285; 14.4692Coordinates: 40°43′43″N 14°28′09″E / 40.7285°N 14.4692°E / 40.7285; 14.4692
Length24 km (15 mi)[1]
Basin size715 km2 (276 sq mi)[2]
Discharge 
 • average10 m3/s (350 cu ft/s) at Scafati[1]

The Sarno, known as Sarnus to the Romans, is a stream that passes through Pompeii to the south of the Italian city of Naples.[3] It is considered the most polluted river in Europe,[4] as a result of industrial waste. It flows about 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the base of Mt. Sarno to the Bay of Naples collecting water from the Solofrana and Cavaiola tributaries during the course of its flow.

It is still partially used for irrigation, as well as the transportation of goods and fishing. It is part of the Sarno river basin, which covers about 715 square kilometres (276 sq mi).}[2][5]

The Sarno is one the most polluted river in Europe due to agricultural waste and insufficiently treated industrial waste water.[6][2]

There are about 500 small industries in the area which still pollute. Water treatment plants have been installed, however, they do not work to full capacity. The mouth of the river continues to make bathing in the sea impossible, despite numerous protests.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tommaso De Pippo, Carlo Donadio, Marco Guida, Carmela Petrosino: The case of Sarno River (Southern Italy): effects of geomorphology on the environmental impacts. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, Mai 2006 May, 13(3), S. 184-91, doi: 10.1065/espr2005.08.287
  2. ^ a b c P. Montuori, P. Lama, S. Aurino, D. Naviglio, M. Triassi: Metals loads into the Mediterranean Sea: estimate of Sarno River: inputs and ecological risk. Ecotoxicology, 2013, 22, S. 295–307, DOI 10.1007/s10646-012-1026-9
  3. ^ Purcell, N., R. Talbert, S. Gillies, T. Elliott, J. Becker. "Places: 433102 (Sarnus (river))". Pleiades. Retrieved March 21, 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Water Pollution Facts
  5. ^ Albanese, S; Iavazzo, P; Adamo, P; Lima, A; De Vivo, B. "Assessment of the environmental conditions of the Sarno river basin (south Italy): a stream sediment approach". Environ Geochem Health. 35: 283–97. doi:10.1007/s10653-012-9483-x. PMID 23053925.
  6. ^ Peter Greenberg: Don't Go There! The Travel Detective's Essential Guide to the Must-Miss Places of the World. St Martins Press, 2008, S. 27–28

External links[edit]

  • [1] Sarno River: Italy

SOURCE: National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA