Sarocladium oryzae

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Sarocladium oryzae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Subclass: Incertae sedis
Order: Incertae sedis
Family: Incertae sedis
Genus: Sarocladium
Species: S. oryzae
Binomial name
Sarocladium oryzae
(Sawada) W. Gams & D. Hawksw., (1976)
Synonyms

Acrocylindrium oryzae Sawada, (1922)
Sarocladium attenuatum W. Gams & D. Hawksw., (1976)

Sarocladium oryzae (Sawada) is a plant pathogen causing the sheath rot disease of rice. In culture it produces 0.3–0.627 micrograms of helvolic acid and 0.9–4.8 micrograms of cerulenin per milliliter of culture medium.[1] The level of helvolic acid correlated with a higher incidence of sheath rot disease. Rice grains from infected plants were found to contain 2.2 micrograms helvolic acid and 1.75 micrograms of cerulein per gram of infected seeds, which induce chlorosis and reduce the seed viability and seedling health.[2] S. oryzae has also been known as Acrocylindrium oryzae (Sawada). For forty years prior to 2005, a common industrial fungal strain used to manufacture cerulenin was known under the invalidly published designation "Cephalosporium caerulens", but an isolate of the original C. caerulens strain KF-140 was subsequently shown to be conspecific with S. oryzae.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayyadurai N; Kirubakaran SI; Srisha S; Sakthivel N (June 2005). "Biological and molecular variability of Sarocladium oryzae, the sheath rot pathogen of rice (Oryza sativa L.)". Curr. Microbiol. 50 (6): 319–23. doi:10.1007/s00284-005-4509-6. PMID 15968500. 
  2. ^ Ghosh MK; Amudha R; Jayachandran S; Sakthivel N (2002). "Detection and quantification of phytotoxic metabolites of Sarocladium oryzae in sheath rot-infected grains of rice". Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 34 (6): 398–401. doi:10.1046/j.1472-765X.2002.01111.x. PMID 12028418. 
  3. ^ Bills GF; Platas G; Gams W (November 2004). "Conspecificity of the cerulenin and helvolic acid producing 'Cephalosporium caerulens', and the hypocrealean fungus Sarocladium oryzae". Mycol. Res. 108 (Pt 11): 1291–300. doi:10.1017/S0953756204001297. PMID 15587062. 

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