|Motto: Ritritem'mon Kayung|
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of Sarrat
|Region||Ilocos (Region I)|
|• Mayor||Edito Alberto G. Balintona|
|• Total||57.39 km2 (22.16 sq mi)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||4th class; Partially Urban|
Sarrat is a fourth class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. It is situated geographically just southeast of Laoag City, the capital of the province. Sarrat is bounded by the cities and municipalities of Batac to the southwest, San Nicolas to the west, Laoag to the northwest, Piddig to the northeast, Dingras to the east, the town of Marcos to the southeast, and a small portion of Banna to the south. The town is traversed and divided into two by the Padsan River, creating a north and south areas that are connected by the Sarrat Bridge. According to the last census of May 2010, Sarrat has a population of 24,770 people in 5,339 households.
The town is known as the birthplace of Ferdinand Marcos, the 10th President of the Philippines and for Sarrat Church, the largest church in the province and an Important Cultural Property of the Philippines.
Cabayugan was how the people called Sarrat by its first settlers led by the village chief Minagel (Maingel) Bang'at and his wife Sarrah, before the arrival of the Spaniards on the latter part of the 16th century. Sarrat is a compound of the couple's names and is believed to be coined by their son Garo.
After the colonization of the Spaniards, the town was renamed to San Miguel when the Augustinians erected a parish coinciding with the gaining of its township status on September 29, 1724. Two former senators, Santiago Fonacier and Isabelo delos Reyes, eventually created the bill that changed the town's name from San Miguel to Sarrat in 1916.
The Sarrat Heroes monument erected at the town plaza symbolizes the heroism and bravery of all Sarrateños. "Ritritem'mon Kayong" was their war cry that still echoes on the true-blooded Sarrateños.
|Brgy No.||Brgy Name||Population
|10||San Miguel||1730||formerly known as San Nicolas|
|Population census of Sarrat|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Places of interest
Santa Monica Parish Church
The Santa Monica Parish Church, commonly known as the Sarrat Church, is the largest church in Ilocos Norte and the most visited place by tourists in Sarrat. The church has one of the longest nave in the country and was declared an Important Cultural Property of the Philippines in September 2009.
Santa Monica Parish Museum
The Santa Monica Parish Museum is a repository of artifacts and memorabilia that dates back to the construction of the church edifice in 1779. It was established in 1993 on the initiative of its parish priest, Rev. Msgr. Jacinto A. Jose and Rev. Edmundo M. Abaya, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Laoag.
It was completed and put in its present form in 1997 with the help of the Kannawidan Foundation Inc., The iloko Foundation for Arts and Culture. This organization is dedicated to the preservation of the cultural and historical heritage of the people of Ilocos Norte under the following officers and directors. Francis Ablan, Maximino J. Edralin, Rosie Mata Castro, Georgia Balmaceda Alviar, Lita Marcos Roque, Amparo Javier Araullo, Rolando P. Dela Cuesta, Wenceslao Agnir Jr., Caesar Agnir, Roxanne A. De la Cuesta, Arnold Segundo and Guia M. Valenciano
Nipa hut cottages
The nipa hut cottages along the banks of the Padsan River are another visitor attraction in the town. It is located at barangay San Joaquin (Barrio Uno) and is maintained by private entrepreneurs from the same barangay. These nipa huts are seasonal: built around December purposely for the summer season and are dismantled at the start of the rainy season. The nipa huts not only offer shade and comfort to the visitors but are equipped with Videoke system to complete the entertainment.
List of Cultural Properties of Sarrat
|Sarrat Central Elementary School||Rebuilt in 1904||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Brgy. 6, San Leandro||
|Unknown House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Osmena corner Agor Street|
|Villa Ver||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Agor Street||
|Unknown House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#41 Agor Street corner Quevedo|
|Unknown House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Quirino corner Magsaysay Street||
|E. Carriaga Ver House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#46 Magsaysay Street||
|Unknown House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#199 Rizal Street corner Magsaysay, Brgy 5. San Vicente||
|Jose Ver-Balicanta House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#149, Brgy 3 Santa Barbara||
|#124 Magsaysay St House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat|
|Victoria Valmonte House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#163 Brgy. Santa Barbara||
|Scout Albano Monument and Park||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Albano Park||
|Laoag Diocesan Museum||Formerly known as Casa del Palacio Real, used as church convent||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Santa Monica Parish Complex||
|Sarrat Church||Parish Church of Santa Monica||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Santa Monica Parish Complex||
|Bell tower of Sarrat Church||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Santa Monica Parish Complex||
|Rit-ritemon Kaayong Uprising Monument||A monument in honor of Don Jamias Ver, leader of the people of Sarrat against the American invasion of the town. Named after the battle cry of the people of Sarrat, "Rit-ritemon Cayong" or "Rip it apart, brother."||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Sarrat Municipal Grounds||
|Vistuario de Sarrat||Built from 1928 to 1931||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Sarrat Municipal Park||
|Rizal Monument||Donated by the youth of Iglesia Filipina Independiente||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Sarrat Municipal Park||
|Fabian Ver House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Rizal Street, Brgy. 2 San Agustin||
|Ver House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#153 Rizal Street, Brgy. 2 San Agustin||
|Dela Cuesta House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||
|Old Sarrat Town Hall||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||
|Palafox House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||#157 Marcos Avenue, Brgy. 2, San Agustin|
|Gabriel House||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Marcos Avenue, Brgy. 2, San Agustin|
|New Sarrat Presidencia||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Marcos Avenue, Brgy. 2, San Agustin||
|Edralin House||also known as Marcos Museum||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||Marcos Avenue||
|Abogada Corazon Abad Ruins||Ilocos Norte||Sarrat||
Public primary educations are held on the following schools scattered all over the town:
- Binaratan Elementary School
- South Central Elementary School
- North Central Elementary School
- Cabuloan Elementary School
- Golgol Elementary School
- Pandan Elementary School
- Parang Elementary School
- Patad Elementary School
- Ruiz Elementary School
- Sagpatan Elementary School
- San Antonio Elementary School
- San Bernabe Elementary School
- Sarrat Central School
- Sarrat North Central School
- Sta Rosa Elementary School
- San Pedro Public School
- San Andres Public School
- Sarrat National High School
Going around the poblacion is served by the tricycles (Filipino: traysikel), a local term for a motorized transport made by pairing a motorcycle with a locally fabricated sidecar. These are also used to transport commuters to other remote barangays but usually through a special fare, the amount of which depends on what is agreed upon before the trip.
A regular and daily trip to neighboring Laoag City is provided by jeepneys, the main form of transportation. All jeepneys that ply the route are members of the Laoag-Sarrat Jeepney Operators and Drivers Association (LSJODA). Travel time takes around 15 minutes each way on a usual day.
- Ferdinand E. Marcos, the 10th President of the Republic of the Philippines.
- Fabian C. Ver, a former General and Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Province: ILOCOS NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Sarrat". Philippine Standard Geographic Code (RSGC) Interactive.
- Balingit, Roel (2012-08-23). "File:Ph fil ilocos norte.png". Wikimedia Commons. retrieved on 2013-08-04.
- "History of Sarrat, Ilocos Norte". Philippine History. Retrieved on 2013-08-04.
- "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- Dela Torre 2006, p. 249
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sarrat.|
- Municipality of Sarrat[dead link]
- Pasyalan Ilocos Norte
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Sta. Monica Church, Sarrat
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- "Results from the 2007 Census of Population". National Statistics Office.