|Location||de facto: Martakert Region, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
de jure: Tartar District, Azerbaijan
|Primary inflows||Tartar river|
|Primary outflows||Tartar river|
|Basin countries||De jure: Azerbaijan
De facto: Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan
|Surface area||14.2 km2 (5.5 sq mi)|
|Water volume||560 million cubic metres (450,000 acre·ft)|
The Sarsang Reservoir (Armenian: Սարսանգի ջրամբար; Azerbaijani: Sərsəng su anbarı) is a large reservoir located in the Martakert Region of the unrecognised Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (de jure part of Azerbaijan), formed by a hydroelectric dam.
Sarsang Reservoir was built on Tartar River under Azerbaijani authority in 1976. The area of the reservoir is 14.2 km2 (5.5 sq mi). The overall volume of the reservoir is 575 million m3. The height of the dam at the reservoir is 125 m (410 ft). The reservoir has the tallest dam out of all dams in Azerbaijan. Since opening, the reservoir has provided irrigation water for 100,000 ha (250,000 acres) of agricultural lands in Tartar, Agdam, Barda, Goranboy, Yevlakh and Aghjabadi Districts of Azerbaijan. The Sarsang Hydro Power Plant with capacity of 50 megawatt has been based on the reservoir since its opening.
In November 1992, in the midst of the Nagorno-Karabakh War, the region of Mardakert came under effective Armenian control. The power plant, now operated by Artsakh HEK OJSC, has become the main source of electric energy for Nagorno-Karabakh (40–60%). Local authorities have expressed hopes for the reservoir to turn to a major tourism site in the long run.
Azerbaijan has maintained that the Sarsang Reservoir, due to poor maintenance, poses a threat to nearly 400,000 people living in the Karabakh lowlands which remain under Azerbaijani control. The country has taken measures to minimise potential damage that water evacuation could cause. In addition, the exploitation of the reservoir by the Armenian side deprived farmers from seven Azerbaijani villages in the Tartar District from accessing water regularly.
In 2014, Bosnian member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) Milica Marković prepared a report in which she outlined environmental risks brought upon by the lack of regular maintenance of the dam, as well as a possibility of the frontier regions of Azerbaijan being deprived of water supply as a result of intensive farming, industrial activities, climate change and consumer habits, but also policy mistakes on the part of the Nagorno-Karabakh authorities. On 26 January 2016, PACE (of which both Armenia and Azerbaijan are members) adopted Resolution 2085, whereby it deplored "the fact that the occupation by Armenia of Nagorno-Karabakh and other adjacent areas of Azerbaijan creates similar humanitarian and environmental problems for the citizens of Azerbaijan living in the Lower Karabakh valley" and requested the immediate withdrawal of Armenian armed forces from the region in order to allow independent engineers access to carry out an on-the-spot survey. The Assembly also recommended that the Armenian side stopped using water resources as tools of political influence or an instrument of pressure benefiting only one of the parties to the conflict.
In June 2016, the White House formally responded to a petition signed by over 330,000 people regarding the status of Nagorno-Karabakh and dangers posed by the Sarsang Reservoir. In the response, the Obama administration expressed its support of the PACE Resolution 2085 and said it would welcome a meeting between technical experts to discuss water management and dam inspections at the reservoir.
- Hakobyan, Tatul (2005-12-13). "SARSANG RESERVOIR A REST ZONE". Azg Daily. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- Ministry of Ecology of Azerbaijan: Su anbarları
- Geographical names supplied by National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency: Sərsəng Su Anbarı, Azerbaijan Retrieved on 25 October 2010
- Mehmet Fatih Oztarsu, Disputed Water, Region Plus, http://www.regionplus.az/en/articles/view/1696
- NAGORNO KARABAKH IN FIGURES 2010 (PDF). Stepanakert: The National Statistical Service of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. 2010. p. 7. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI MELİORASİYA VƏ SU TƏSƏRRÜFATI AÇIQ SƏHMDAR CƏMİYYƏTİ: SU ANBARLARI
- Artsakh HEK and ArmenBrok. "IPO Investment Memorandum" (PDF). Armenbrok CJSC. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- Mediamax (2009-03-03). ""Artsakh Hydroelectric Power Plant" realizes the first IPO in Armenia". Banks.am. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
- Arpi Harutyunyan (2006-10-27). "More than War: Tourism business building to show another side of Karabakh". ArmeniaNow. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- Tereza Pultarova. Azerbaijan Sarsang Reservoir dam threatens to burst. Engineering and Technology Magazine. 11 June 2013.
- Azerbaijan ends building a dam to protect against damage from Sarsang reservoir water evacuation by Armenian invaders. Azerbaijan Business Centre. 16 August 2016.
- Массовая акция протеста в Тертере. Haqqin.az. 13 August 2013.
- Milica Marković. Inhabitants of frontier regions of Azerbaijan are deliberately deprived of water. PACE Committee on Social Affairs, Health and Sustainable Development.
- PACE Resolution 2085 (2016). Inhabitants of frontier regions of Azerbaijan are deliberately deprived of water. 26 January 2016.
- L'Azerbaïdjan souligne l'importance de la pétition lancée sur le site de la Maison Blanche. TRT. 31 May 2016.
- Marianna Mkrtchyan. White House officially replies to Azerbaijani petition on Nagorno-Karabakh and Sarsang dam. Arminfo. 13 June 2016.
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