Types of hijab

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This table of types of hijab describes terminologically distinguished styles of Islamic clothing commonly associated with the word hijab.

The Arabic word hijāb can be translated as "cover, wrap, curtain, veil, screen, partition", among other meanings.[1] In the Quran it refers to notions of separation, protection and covering in both literal and metaphorical senses.[2] Subsequently, the word has evolved in meaning and now usually denotes a Muslim woman's veil or the notion of separation between the sexes.[2] In English, the term refers predominantly to the Islamic head covering for women and its underlying religious precepts.[3][4]

Abaya Islamic Clothing Abaya.jpg Full-length, robe-like outer garment that covers the whole body except the head, feet, and hands. Usually worn with a headscarf or (especially in Saudi Arabia) gloves and niqab.
Al-amira IraqiSchoolGirl01b.jpg A two-piece veil. It consists of a close fitting cap, usually made from cotton or polyester, and an accompanying tube-like scarf.
Bushiyya حجاب البوشية.jpg A veil that is tied on at the forehead and falls to cover the entire face but has no cut-out for the eyes; instead, the fabric is sheer enough to be seen through.
Bukhnuk بخنق Amirah style Hijab.jpg This is similar to khimār 2 (see below) but comes down just to the bosom. Sometimes called "Amira hijab" if it has embroidery at the edge.
Eastern Arabia Batula برقع شرق الجزيرة العربية Bandari battula.jpg Women wear it in United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar and Arabs of Southern Iran. This tradition has almost died out in the newer generations. Older women usually not younger than 50, and those living in rural areas can still be seen wearing them.
Burqa or chadari چادری Burqa Afghanistan 01.jpg Traditional Central Asian[citation needed] style outer garment that covers the entire body and has a grille over the face that the woman looks through. Very similar in style and function to other Central Asian styles such as the paranja.
Chador 2009 Herat Afghanistan 4112231650.jpg An Iranian traditional outer garment (also worn in other countries) that covers the head and body and is a full-length semicircle of fabric but comes down to the ground. Does not have slits for the hands and is held shut with the hands, teeth or simply wrapped under the arms.
Dupatta Jaipur-India n001.jpg Common Pakistani, Punjabi and Indian garment, a large colored cloth made of a lightweight fabric that covers the head and shoulders. Usually sold in a three-piece set with colors or patterns matching the pants and shirts of a Salwar kameez. Worn by Hindus as well.
Elechek Kurmandjan.jpg White turban traditionally worn by Kyrgyz women, currently reserved for special occasions.[5][6]
Hijāb حجاب Female hijab in Islam.jpg May refer to any head covering. See Hijab
Jilbāb (1) جلباب generic The term used in the Qur'an (Suratu l-Ahzāb, āya 59) to refer to the outer garment. In Indonesia, the term jilbab refers exclusively to the head-covering.
Jilbāb (2) Jilbab.gif A type of outer garment that looks like a long raincoat or trenchcoat.
Kerudung Indonesian midwives.jpg Although similar to the Malaysian tudong (below), the modern Indonesian kerudung usually includes a stiff visor above the eyes.
Khimār (1) خمار generic The term used in the Qur'an (Suratu n-Nūr, āya 31) to refer to the headscarf; the word "hijāb" is more commonly used with this meaning.
Khimār (2) Most commonly, a circular head covering with a hole cut out for the face, which usually comes down to the waist. Note the variations buknuk and chador above, which are the same style but different lengths.
Kimeshek (kk:Кимешек) Kazakh women.jpg Traditional headgear of married woman in Kazakhstan, Karakalpakstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Mukena Suharto and wife after hajj.jpg An Indonesian hijab worn almost exclusively for praying. It is fastened around the head with two strings. Colours are usually white or pastel.
Niqaab نقاب Muslim woman in Yemen.jpg A veil that covers the face and entire head but with a place cut out for the eyes.
Niqaab (2) EFatima in UAE with niqab.jpg A veil that is tied on at the bridge of the nose and falls to cover the lower face. Also called "half niqab".
Paranja Uzbek paranja2.jpg A Central Asian traditional outer garment that covers the head and body, heavy in weight and made from horsehair. Once prevalent in Uzbek and Tajik societies.
Selendang Megawati Sukarnoputri in hijab (cropped).png In Indonesia, a multi-purpose shoulder sash that can be tied around the shoulders to carry infants and groceries, or draped over the head.
Shayla Shayla Scarf.jpg Long, rectangular scarf, wrapped around the head and tucked or pinned in place at the shoulders. Popular in the Gulf region.[7]
Tudung or Kerudung Schaheeramalaysiantudung(2).jpg Headscarf worn in Malaysia and Indonesia. In Indonesia, the term kerudung is much more common.
Türban Emine Erdoğan.jpg Turkish term for a headscarf pinned neatly at the sides.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ El Guindi, Fadwa; Sherifa Zahur (2009). "Hijab". The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. (subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ a b Siddiqui, Mona (2006). "Veil". In Jane Dammen McAuliffe. Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān. Brill. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Hijab in Merriam-Webster
  4. ^ Hijab at Oxford Dictionaries
  5. ^ BBC Trending (13 August 2016). "Kyrgyzstan president: 'Women in mini skirts don't become suicide bombers'". BBC. 
  6. ^ Bradley Mayhew, Greg Bloom, Paul Clammer, Michael Kohn (2010). Central Asia. Lonely Planet. p. 63. 
  7. ^ BBC, In graphics: Muslim veils
  8. ^ Rainsford, Sarah (November 7, 2006). "Headscarf issue challenges Turkey". BBC News. 

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