|Born||23 April 1923|
Madras, Madras Presidency, British India
|Died||20 April 2002 (aged 78)|
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Notable awards||Padma Vibhushan, 1999 (for his contribution to Indian history)|
|Spouse||Kaveri/Indira Ramaswami (1949)|
Early life and education
Sarvepalli Gopal was born in Madras, India, on 23 April 1923 into a Telugu family. He was the only son of S. Radhakrishnan, the first vice-president and second president of independent India, and Sivakamu. Besides him, the couple had five daughters.
Gopal was educated at Mill Hill School in London and at the Madras Christian College. He was an undergraduate student of history at Balliol College, Oxford, where he won the Curzon Prize. He continued as a student at Balliol earning his DPhil on the vice-royalty of Lord Ripon in 1951.
Subsequently, he was appointed as a Director in the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, in the 1950s, where he worked closely with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. In the 1960s, he was a Reader in Indian History at St Antony's College, Oxford. When the new Jawaharlal Nehru University was founded by the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, he was appointed as a Professor of History at the Centre for Historical Studies, which he helped in setting up. In the 1970s, he was a Chairman of the National Book Trust, New Delhi.
- History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Development, Vol. 7: The Twentieth Century, (Paris: UNESCO, Routledge, 2008) (co-author Tichvinskii, Sergei Leonidovich)
- Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography, (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004)
- The Essential Writings of Jawaharlal Nehru, (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003) (co-author Uma Iyengar)
- Anatomy of Confrontation: The Babri Masjid Ramjanmabhumi Issue, (New Delhi: Viking, 1991)
- Radhakrishnan: A Biography, (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992)
- Economy, Society and Development: Essays and Reflections in Honour of Malcolm Adesheshiah, (New Delhi: Sage, 1991) (co-authors Kurien, C.T., E.R. Prabhakar)
- Jawaharlal Nehru: An Anthology, (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983)
- Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1972–82) (co-authors Chalapatti Rau, M., Sharada Prasad, H.Y., Nanda, B.R.)
- British Policy in India, 1858-1905, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965)
- Modern India, (London: Historical Association, 1967)
- The Viceroyalty of Lord Irwin, 1926-1931, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957)
- The Viceroyalty of Lord Ripon, 1880-1884, (London: Oxford University Press, 1957)
- The Permanent Settlement in Bengal and its Result, (London, G.Allen and Unwin, 1949)
- "Ministry of Home Affairs—Civilian Awards announced on January 26, 1999". Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2006-11-03.
- Raychaudhuri, Tapan (Oct 2008). "Gopal, Sarvepalli (1923–2002)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 November 2015. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Ramachandra Guha (April 27, 2003). "Remembering Sarvepalli Gopal". The Hindu. Retrieved 2006-11-03.
- K. N. Panikkar (April 27 – May 12, 2002). "A great historian: Sarvepalli Gopal, 1923-2002". Frontline. 19 (9). Retrieved 2006-11-03.