Sarychev Peak

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Sarychev Peak
Matua.jpg
Sarychev Peak on Matua Island, looking south from Raikoke.
Highest point
Elevation1,496 m (4,908 ft)
Prominence1,496 m (4,908 ft)
Coordinates48°05′31″N 153°12′00″E / 48.092°N 153.20°E / 48.092; 153.20Coordinates: 48°05′31″N 153°12′00″E / 48.092°N 153.20°E / 48.092; 153.20
Geography
Sarychev Peak is located in Far Eastern Federal District
Sarychev Peak
Sarychev Peak
Sarychev Peak in Russian Far East
LocationMatua, Kuril Islands, Russia
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption2021

Sarychev Peak (Russian: вулкан Пик Сарычева, Vulkan Sarycheva, variants: Japanese: 芙蓉山 Fuyō Mountain, [1] Fuyō-san, [2] Fuyō-yama, [3] Fuyo-zan, [4] Huyō San, Japanese: 松輪富士 Matsuwa-fuji)[5] is an active stratovolcano covering almost the entirety of Matua Island in the Kuril Islands, Russia. It is a young, highly symmetrical stratovolcanic cone. The height of the plume during the 2009 eruption was estimated at 12 to 18 kilometres (7.5 to 11.2 mi).[6]

History[edit]

The peak was named after admiral Gavril Sarychev of the Imperial Russian Navy.

2009 eruption[edit]

The volcano erupted June 11–21, 2009,[7][8] sending out ash plumes.[9] As the volcano is near some of the main air routes between East Asia and North America, there was some disruption to air traffic.[10]

Eruption video as seen from the International Space Station, June 12, 2009

During an early stage of the eruption, on June 12, 2009, the International Space Station passed overhead and astronauts photographed the event.[11] A hole in the overhead clouds, possibly caused by the shock wave from the explosion, allowed a clear view of the plume and pyroclastic flow down the sides of the mountain. A cap-like pileus cloud is visible atop the rising column.[11]

Sarychev Peak previously erupted in 1760, 1805, 1879, 1923, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1932, 1946, 1954, 1960, 1965, 1976, 1986 and 1989.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fuyō Mountain: Russia, in Geographic.org". Retrieved 2010-08-12.
  2. ^ "Fuyō-san: Russia, in Geographic.org". Retrieved 2010-08-12.
  3. ^ "Fuyō-yama: Russia, in Geographic.org". Retrieved 2010-08-12.
  4. ^ "Fuyō-zan: Russia in Geographic.org". Retrieved 2010-08-12.
  5. ^ "Huyō San: Russia in Geographic.org". Retrieved 2010-08-12.
  6. ^ "Sarychev Peak". www.volcanodiscovery.com. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  7. ^ a b "Sarychev Peak: Eruptive History". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  8. ^ "Sarychev Peak". www.volcanodiscovery.com. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  9. ^ "Activity at Sarychev Peak". NASA Earth Observatory.
  10. ^ Air Canada (2009-06-15). "Travel Advisory For Flights to and from Vancouver and Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong". Retrieved 2009-06-15.
  11. ^ a b "Sarychev Peak Eruption, Kuril Islands". NASA Earth Observatory. June 22, 2009.

External links[edit]