Saser Kangri

Coordinates: 34°51′54″N 77°45′09″E / 34.86500°N 77.75250°E / 34.86500; 77.75250
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Saser Kangri
Saser Kangri III and II.jpg
Saser Kangri III (left), Saser Kangri II (right)
Highest point
Elevation7,672 m (25,171 ft)[1]
Ranked 35th
Prominence2,304 m (7,559 ft)[1]
Coordinates34°51′54″N 77°45′09″E / 34.86500°N 77.75250°E / 34.86500; 77.75250[1]
English translationYellow Snow Mountain[2]
Language of nameLadakhi
Saser Kangri is located in Ladakh
Saser Kangri
Saser Kangri
Location in Ladakh
Saser Kangri is located in India
Saser Kangri
Saser Kangri
Saser Kangri (India)
LocationLadakh, India[3]
(disputed by Pakistan as part of the Kashmir conflict)
Parent rangeSaser Muztagh, Karakoram
First ascent5 June 1973 by Dawa Norbu, Da Tenzing, Nima Tenzing, Thondup[2]
Easiest routesnow/ice climb
Saser Kangri
Simplified Chinese莎瑟峰

Saser Kangri (or Sasir Kangri) is a mountain in India. It is the highest peak in the Saser Muztagh, the easternmost subrange of the Karakoram range.[3] Sasir Kangri is located within Ladakh, the northernmost union territory in India.

Saser Kangri massif[edit]

The Saser Kangri massif consists of six named peaks:

Saser Kangri I 7,672 m (25,171 ft) Ranked 35th, Prominence = 2,304 m (7,559 ft) 34°52′00″N 77°45′09″E / 34.86667°N 77.75250°E / 34.86667; 77.75250
Saser Kangri II East 7,518 m (24,665 ft) Ranked 49th, Prominence = 1,450 m (4,757 ft) 34°48′15″N 77°48′18″E / 34.80417°N 77.80500°E / 34.80417; 77.80500
Saser Kangri II West 7,500 m (24,600 ft)
Saser Kangri III 7,495 m (24,590 ft) Ranked 51st, Prominence = 850 m (2,789 ft) 34°50′44″N 77°47′06″E / 34.84556°N 77.78500°E / 34.84556; 77.78500
Saser Kangri IV 7,416 m (24,331 ft)
Plateau Peak 7,287 m (23,907 ft)

This massif lies toward the northwestern end of the Saser Muztagh, at the head of the North Shukpa Kunchang Glacier, a major glacier which drains the eastern slopes of the group. The Sakang and Pukpoche Glaciers head on the western side of the group, and drain into the Nubra River.

Climbing history[edit]

Early exploration and climbing attempts of Saser Kangri occurred on the western side, from the Nubra Valley; this is lower, more populated, and hence more easily accessible than the eastern side, which faces the Tibetan Plateau. Early European exploration included a visit in 1909 by explorer T. G. Longstaff, along with Arthur Neve and A. M. Slingsby. However, visits and failed climbing attempts by multiple groups on the western side over the period 1922-1970 showed that the western side was surprisingly difficult.

In 1973, an expedition of members of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police finally succeeded in making the first ascent of the peak, by a very different route. They approached the peak from the southeast, via the upper Shyok Valley and the North Shukpa Kunchang Glacier, a long and difficult journey.[2] Only in 1987 did climbers succeed in ascending this peak from the western side: an Indian-British team led by V.Pandey and LS successfully climbed the peak in conjunction with the first ascent of Saser Kangri IV.[4]

Saser Kangri II West was first climbed in 1984 by an Indo-Japanese team, who at the time, had believed the peak to be higher than Saser Kangri II East and only subsequently was it determined to be the lower of the two. Saser Kangri II East was first climbed by Mark Richey, Steve Swenson, and Freddie Wilkinson on August 24, 2011.[5] Until then it was the world's second highest unclimbed mountain after Gangkhar Puensum, and the they won a 2012 Piolet d'Or for their ascent.[6]

Saser Kangri III was first climbed by an Indo-Tibetan Border Police expedition in 1986 using an eastern approach. The summit party consisted of the climbers: Budhiman, Neema Dorjee, Sher Singh, Tajwer Singh, Phurba Sherpa and Chhewang Somanla.[7]

Accident on Saser Kangri IV (2018)

Pemba Sherpa (45) of Darjeeling, India went missing after falling down into a crevasse on Saser Kangri IV on 13 July 2018. He was climbing the peak Saser Kangri IV (7416m) with a team of climbers led by Basanta Singha Roy from West Bengal and another team from Pune, India. On his way down from summit, Pemba fell down into a crevasse before reaching Camp-1 at an altitude of 5750m. No rescue effort has yielded any results; he remains inside the crevasse.[8][9]

Recovery Attempt: A sustained effort of recovery process was carried out by Indian Armed Forces composed of soldiers from the ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police) and Siachen Battle School between 15 July and 31 July. Indian Army from SBS reached the site on 24 July. Despite interruptions due to inclement weather, they did manage to go down as far as possible until the crevasse became too narrow to negotiate. Their efforts proved unsuccessful and they did not find any trace of Pemba Sherpa, but they did manage to recover his loaded rucksack weighing about 35 kg.[10]

See also[edit]


†.^ Saser Kangri II West, Saser Kangri IV and Plateau Peak lack sufficient prominence to be included or ranked in most lists of highest mountains.


  1. ^ a b c "The Karakoram, Pakistan Himalaya and India Himalaya Ultra-Prominences". Retrieved 2012-01-20.
  2. ^ a b c Singh, Jogindar (1975). "Saser Kangri". Climbs And Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. American Alpine Club. 20 (1): 65. Retrieved 2015-04-14.
  3. ^ a b Saser Kangri lies on the eastern side of the Line of Control.
  4. ^ Khullar, D.K. (1988). "Asia, India—Eastern Karakoram, Saser Kangri I, West Ridge, and Saser IV". Climbs And Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. American Alpine Club. 30 (62): 240. Retrieved 2015-04-14.
  5. ^ "First Ascent of Saser Kangri II". American Alpine Club. 2011. Archived from the original on 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2015-04-14.
  6. ^ >"Piolets d'Or 2012, the videos of the ascents". PlanetMountain. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2023.
  7. ^ Chamoli, S.P. (1987). "Saser Kangri III 1986". The Himalayan Journal. The Himalayan Club. 43. Retrieved 2015-04-14.
  8. ^ "Still there is some hope remains alive: Search operation will resume tomorrow morning for Pemba Sherpa". 14 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Basanta Singha Roy opens up about the unfortunate demise of Pemba Sherpa". 31 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Belongings recovered, Glacier keeps its secrets, Pemba remains untraced". 14 August 2018.
  • Wala, Jerzy (1990). Orographical Sketch Map of the Karakoram. Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research.
  • Neate, Jill (1989). High Asia: An illustrated history of the 7,000 metre peaks. The Mountaineers. ISBN 978-0-89886-238-6.

External links[edit]