Saskatchewan Legislative Building

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Saskatchewan Legislative Building
Saskatchewan Legislative Building and Grounds National Historic Site of Canada-1534691.jpg
Saskatchewan Legislative Building and grounds
Record height
Tallest in Regina, Saskatchewan from 1912 to 1927[I]
General information
Architectural style Beaux-Arts
Town or city Regina, Saskatchewan
Country Canada
Construction started August 31, 1908
Completed January 25, 1912
Cost $1.75 million
Client Government of Saskatchewan
Owner Government of Saskatchewan
Design and construction
Architect Edward and William Sutherland Maxwell
Official name Saskatchewan Legislative Building and Grounds National Historic Site of Canada
Designated 2005
Type Provincial Heritage Property
Designated 1978

The Saskatchewan Legislative Building is located in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, and houses the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan.

History[edit]

The Saskatchewan Legislative Building being constructed

The Saskatchewan Legislative Building was built between 1908 and 1912 in the Beaux Arts style to a design by Edward and William Sutherland Maxwell of Montreal. The Maxwells also supervised construction of the building by the Montreal company P. Lyall & Sons, who later built the Centre Block of the federal Parliament Building in Ottawa after the 1866 Parliament Building was destroyed by fire in 1916. Piles began to be drilled for the foundations during the autumn of 1908 and in 1909 the Governor General of Canada, the Earl Grey, laid the cornerstone. In 1912, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, by then the serving governor general, inaugurated the building.[1][2]

People enjoying a boat race on Wascana Lake north of the Legislative Building circa 1910.

The design contemplates expansion of the building by the addition of wings extending south from the east and west ends and coming together to form a courtyard. The plans originally called for the exterior of the building to be red brick but after construction had begun and red bricks were already on the site, Premier Walter Scott decided that Manitoba Tyndall stone would give the building greater grandeur and the plans were adjusted with the substitution increasing the building cost by $50,000.[3] The total cost of construction came to $1.75 million by the time of its opening in October 1912, ten months after the assembly had begun meeting in the yet-uncompleted building.

Characteristics[edit]

The legislative chamber inside the Saskatchewan Legislative Building with its original red carpet

Diverging from parliamentary tradition, the carpet in the legislative chamber was red until 2012. Traditionally, red carpet is used for houses of unelected members, such as the Senate of Canada, and houses of elected members are given blue or green carpet. Walter Scott preferred red carpet, and for a century the Saskatchewan Legislative Building stood as one of only two in Canada to feature red carpet in its legislative chamber (British Columbia's being the other). The red carpet was replaced by green carpet in the summer of 2012.[4]

Walter Scott anticipated that the building might "for a century yet be credible enough to form the main building on the Capital grounds",[5] the general assumption of the time being that Saskatchewan's population would grow to several million. That century has now almost elapsed; the provincial legislative building remains the main building on the "Capital grounds", but indeed, continues to be the most imposing structure in a city smaller than its founders envisioned.

Such planning is evident in the legislative chamber itself, designed to accommodate 125 members. The assembly has never expanded beyond 66 MLAs (and has been fixed at 58 members since 1995). As a result, even after those elections which yielded massive majorities (such as those held in 1982 and 1991) there has been plenty of space to seat all government members to the speaker's right.

The Institute for stained glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at Saskatchewan Legislature.[6]

The Saskatchewan Legislative Building is located at 2405 Legislative Drive, Regina, overlooking Wascana Lake. Free tours of the facility are offered throughout the week.

Significance[edit]

The legislative building and its grounds were designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2005.[7] It is also a Provincial Heritage Property under the Heritage Property Act.[8]

Of historical significance, the table that was used during the meeting of the Fathers of Confederation in Quebec City in 1864 resides in the building's library, albeit with six feet of it removed. Lieutenant-Governor Edgar Dewdney of the North-West Territories brought the table to Regina, which was the capital of the territory at the time. It was used in the offices of the Indian commissioner for Manitoba and the North-West Territories until 1896. Six feet of the table length was removed from the middle so that it could fit within the limited confines of the Prince Edward Building, the temporary home of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan while the Saskatchewan Legislative Building was under construction.

Statues at Legislature[edit]

Statue of Queen Elizabeth II north of the building

There is an equestrian statue of Queen Elizabeth II unveiled in 2005 at the renamed Queen Elizabeth II Gardens fronting the legislative building.[9] It was designed by Susan Velder.[10] A Louis Riel sculpture designed by John Nugent in the 1960s was located on the grounds of the legislature but it removed two decades later due to objections by First Nations people to the design and depiction of Riel.[11]

On the eastern side of the building there is a fountain, one of two brought from London's Trafalgar Square, the other having been taken to Ottawa (and now located at Confederation Park). The Peterhead granite fountain was designed by McDonald and Leslie and were relocated before the mid 1930s when Trafalgar Square obtained new fountains designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, Michael D. (1990), "Royal Visits", in Cottrell, Michael, The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan, Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, retrieved 30 June 2009 
  2. ^ "Departments > City Clerk's Office > City Archives > Image Galleries > A View From Above > Downtown III: Spadina Crescent to the Bessborough > Note 45". City of Saskatoon. Retrieved 30 June 2009. 
  3. ^ Waiser, Bill (2016-07-19). "History Matters: Driving force behind Legislative Building missed opening". The StarPhoenix. Retrieved 2016-07-19. 
  4. ^ "Saskatchewan assembly goes green, in carpet colour". CBC News. October 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  5. ^ Barnhart, Gordon L. (2002). Building for the Future: A Photo Journal of Saskatchewan's Legislative Building. Regina, Saskatchewan: Canadian Plains Research Centre. ISBN 0-88977-145-6. 
  6. ^ Stained glass at Saskatchewan Legislature http://stainedglasscanada.ca/site.php?site=174
  7. ^ Saskatchewan Legislative Building and Grounds National Historic Site of Canada. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  8. ^ Saskatchewan Legislative Building and Grounds. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Royals reign in rainy Regina". CBC News. May 18, 2005. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  10. ^ https://www.saskatchewan.ca/government/news-and-media/2004/february/04/queens-statue-maquettes-presented-to-donors.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ http://www.artsask.ca/en/collections/themes/homelands/john_nugent/design_for_louis_riel_memorial_sculpture_of_the_louis_riel_memorial

Further reading[edit]

  • Barnhart, Gordon L., Building for the Future: A Photo Journal of Saskatchewan's Legislative Building (Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, 2002). ISBN 0-88977-145-6.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°25′57″N 104°36′54″W / 50.432426°N 104.615099°W / 50.432426; -104.615099

Preceded by
Tallest Building in Regina
1912-1927
53 m
Succeeded by
Hotel Saskatchewan