Saskatchewan general election, 1960

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Saskatchewan general election, 1960
Saskatchewan
← 1956 June 8, 1960 (1960-06-08) 1964 →

54 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan
28 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  TommyDouglas-c1971-crop.jpg
LIB
Leader Tommy Douglas Ross Thatcher
Party Co-operative Commonwealth Liberal
Leader since July 17, 1942 September 24, 1959
Last election 36 14
Seats won 37 17
Seat change Increase1 Increase3
Popular vote 276,846 221,932
Percentage 40.8% 32.7%
Swing Decrease4.5pp Increase2.3pp

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Martin Pederson Martin Kelln
Party Progressive Conservative Social Credit
Last election 0 3
Seats won 0 0
Seat change ±0 Decrease3
Popular vote 94,737 83,895
Percentage 14.0% 12.4%
Swing Increase12.0pp Decrease9.1pp

Premier before election

Tommy Douglas
Co-operative Commonwealth

Premier-designate

Tommy Douglas
Co-operative Commonwealth

The Saskatchewan general election of 1960 was the fourteenth provincial election held in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It was held on June 8, 1960, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan.

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation of Thomas C. Douglas campaigned promising a Medicare, a public medical plan for all of Saskatchewan, and it was re-elected with a slightly increased majority. The CCF won despite opposition from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, which told voters that Medicare would take freedom of choice away from patients and would cause doctors to leave the province.

A year later, Douglas passed legislation making Saskatchewan the first province in Canada to have Medicare. The same year, Douglas resigned as leader of the CCF to become leader of the federal New Democratic Party.

Campaigns[edit]

In addition to the elections campaigns led by the four main political parties, the College of Physicians and Surgeons launched a full-scale campaign against Medicare.

CCF[edit]

The Saskatechewan CCF, led by Douglas, proposed "a province-wide medical care program." Douglas assured voters that the only thing that would change about the medical system would be that the doctor would bill the medical care plan instead of billing the patient. The CCF won the election, with 37 seats, one more than in the previous election in 1956.

Progressive Conservatives[edit]

The Progressive Party of Saskatchewan, led by Martin Pederson, a 38-year-old farmer, won considerable support in the cities (Regina and Saskatoon), but they were not able to win any seats in the legislature. The 15 federal Progressive Conservative Members of Parliament from Saskatchewan campaigned for the provincial party. The main issue for the party was not Medicare but farm prosperity. It promised farmers grant of a $1 per acre ($247/km²) from the province, with a maximum of $100. It claimed that this program would be made possible by assistance from the federal government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, from Saskatchewan himself and a former leader of the Saskatchewan PCs. On Medicare, it only proposed a Royal Commission.

Liberals[edit]

The Liberal Party of Saskatchewan, led by Ross Thatcher of Moose Jaw, claimed that Pederson's promise of land payments was tantamount to bribery. It won 17 seats, and formed the official opposition. Thatcher, a former member of the CCF, was concerned about the economic problems in the province. He was neutral on Medicare and stated that it would be up to the people of Saskatchewan to decide whether or not the province would implement it. The party wad also in favour of pre-paid medical insurance.

The Liberals were concerned that the economic development of Saskatchewan had lagged behind the rest of Canada during the Douglas era. They were also concerned about the proposed merger of the CCF and the Canadian Labour Congress, which later led to the formation of the New Democratic Party.

Social Credit[edit]

The Social Credit Party of Saskatchewan was led by the 38-year-old Martin Kelln, who had strong views about monetary reform and the social credit movement, and was viewed by many as a serious threat to the ruling CCF government. However, the party was unable to win any seats. It was the only party openly opposed to Medicare.

College of Physicians and Surgeons[edit]

The College of Physisicans and Surgeons ran a campaign against Medicare. Almost all doctors in Saskatchewan were against it, and many had pamphlets available in their offices. The College paid for anti-Medicare ads in newspapers and on television. The College used scare tactics to frighten the public by claiming, for example, that patients would just be numbers and that patients would be assigned new doctors based on their names or that the government would be able to pass on medical secrets of patients.

Results[edit]

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1956 Elected % Change # % % Change
  Co-operative Commonwealth Tommy Douglas 55 36 37 +2.8% 276,846 40.76% -4.49%
  Liberal Ross Thatcher 55 14 17 +21.4% 221,932 32.67% +2.33%
  Progressive Conservative Martin Pederson 55 94,737 13.95% +11.97%
  Social Credit Martin Kelln 55 3 -3 83,895 12.35% -9.13%
  Independent 3 1,417 0.21% -0.64%
Communist1 2 380 0.06% -0.04%
Total 225 53 542 +1.9% 679,207 100%  
Source: Elections Saskatchewan

Notes:

1Compared to Labor-Progressive Party in 1956 election.

2One seat declared void.

See also[edit]