Sasshō Line

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Sasshō Line
JR Hokkaido 201 series DMU 011.JPG
Sasshō Line KiHa 201 series DMU, January 2010
Overview
Other name(s) Gakuentoshi Line
Native name 札沼線
Locale Hokkaido
Termini Sōen
Shin-Totsukawa
Operation
Opened 1931
Owner JR Hokkaido
Technical
Number of tracks 2 (SōenAinosato-Kyōikudai)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 20 kV AC overhead line (SōenHokkaidō-Iryōdaigaku)
Route map
JR Sassho Line linemap.svg

The Sasshō Line (札沼線 Sasshō-sen?) is a railway line in Japan operated by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido), which connects Sōen in Sapporo and Shin-Totsukawa in Shintotsukawa, Hokkaido. Its name is made up of two characters from Sapporo (札幌?) and Ishikari-Numata (石狩沼田?), the latter of which was the terminus of the line until it was truncated at Shin-Totsukawa in 1972.

Stations[edit]

No. Name Japanese Between
(km)
Distance
(km)
Transfers Location
S02 Sōen 桑園 1.6 0.0 Hakodate Main Line Chūō-ku, Sapporo
G03 Hachiken 八軒 2.2 2.2   Nishi-ku, Sapporo
G04 Shinkawa 新川 1.5 3.7   Kita-ku, Sapporo
G05 Shin-Kotoni 新琴似 1.9 5.6 Namboku Line (Asabu) (N01)
G06 Taihei 太平 1.7 7.3  
G07 Yurigahara 百合が原 1.3 8.6  
G08 Shinoro 篠路 1.6 10.2  
G09 Takuhoku 拓北 2.0 12.2  
G10 Ainosato-Kyōikudai あいの里教育大 1.4 13.6  
G11 Ainosato-kōen あいの里公園 1.5 15.1  
G12 Ishikari-Futomi 石狩太美 4.2 19.3   Tōbetsu,
Ishikari District
G13 Ishikari-Tōbetsu 石狩当別 6.6 25.9  
G14 Hokkaidō-Iryōdaigaku 北海道医療大学 3.0 28.9  
  Ishikari-Kanazawa 石狩金沢 2.2 31.1  
  Moto-Nakagoya 本中小屋 4.5 35.6  
  Nakagoya 中小屋 3.2 38.8  
  Tsukigaoka 月ヶ岡 2.8 41.6   Tsukigata,
Kabato District
  Chiraiotsu 知来乙 2.6 44.2  
  Ishikari-Tsukigata 石狩月形 2.1 46.3  
  Toyogaoka 豊ヶ岡 4.7 51.0  
  Sappinai 札比内 2.5 53.5  
  Osokinai 晩生内 4.5 58.0   Urausu,
Kabato District
  Satteki 札的 2.9 60.9  
  Urausu 浦臼 1.8 62.7  
  Tsurunuma 鶴沼 3.4 66.1  
  Osatsunai 於札内 1.8 67.9  
  Minami-Shimotoppu 南下徳富 1.5 69.4   Shintotsukawa,
Kabato District
  Shimotoppu 下徳富 2.1 71.5  
  Shin-Totsukawa 新十津川 5.0 76.5  

Rolling stock[edit]

As of the revised timetable introduced on 27 October 2012, the following electric multiple unit (EMU) rolling stock is used on the Sasshō Line.[1]

Former rolling stock[edit]

Prior to the 27 October 2012 timetable revision, the following diesel multiple unit (DMU) rolling stock was used on the Sasshō Line.[2]

History[edit]

The first part of the line to open was the northern (and now closed) section between Ishikari-Numata (on the Rumoi Main Line) to Nakatoppu (present-day Shin-Totsukawa). This opened on 10 October 1931, and was initially named the Sasshō North Line (札沼北線 Sasshō-hoku-sen?).[3] This line was extended southward from Nakatoppu to Urausu on 10 October 1934, and the Soen to Ishikari-Tobetsu section, initially named Sasshō South Line (札沼南線 Sasshō-nan-sen?), opened on 20 November 1934.[3] The section between Urausu and Ishikari-Tobetsu opened on 3 October 1935, linking the north and south lines, which were unified as the "Sasshō Line".[3]

Nakatoppu Station was renamed Shin-Totsukawa in 1953.[citation needed]

The section between Shin-Totsukawa and Ishikari-Numata was closed on 1 April 1972.[3]

With the privatization of JNR on 1 April 1987, ownership of line was transferred to JR Hokkaido.[3]

The section between Hachiken and Ainosato-Kyoikudai was double-tracked between 1995 and 2000.[citation needed]

Electrification[edit]

The line was electrified over the 28.9 km section from Sōen Station to Hokkaidō-Iryōdaigaku Station in 2012, with engineering work completed by March 2012. New 733 series EMUs were introduced from June 2012,[4] with all trains operated using EMUs from the start of the revised timetable on 27 October 2012.[1]

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Shinkotoni Station: A 11 km horse-drawn 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge line operated from Sapporo north west to Kawabata, opening in 1911 and crossing the Sassho Line near Shinkotoni. Petrol locomotives were introduced in 1922. The line was replaced by buses in 1943.
  • Tobetsu Station: A 31 km 762 mm gauge line was opened to Obukuro in sections between 1949 and 1952. Typhoon Marie (1954) caused significant damage to the line, and repair was considered impractical. The line was formally closed in 1958. An 11 km 762 mm gauge line operated to Ebetsu, on the Hakodate Main Line, although at each terminus, the 762 mm gauge stations were on the opposite banks of the Tobetsugawa and Ishikarigawa rivers (respectively) to the JR stations.

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ a b c "札幌圏の電車運用と札沼線用気動車の去就" [Sapporo area EMU rosters and Sassho Line DMU retirement]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 53 no. 622 (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.). February 2013. pp. 76–81. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "JR北海道 2012(平成24)年6月1日に札幌~北海道医療大学間が電化開業" [Electric services to commence between Sapporo and Hokkaidō-Iryōdaigaku from 1 June 2012]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Vol. 41 no. 337 (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun). May 2012. p. 68. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Ishino, Tetsu, ed. (1998). 停車場変遷大辞典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] I. Japan: JTB. pp. 126–127. ISBN 4-533-02980-9. 
  4. ^ "臨時列車運転情報" [Non-scheduled train operation information]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Vol. 41 no. 334 (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun). February 2012. p. 97. 

External links[edit]