Sat Sri Akaal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sat Sri Akal (Gurumukhi ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ), pronounced [sət̪ sɾiː əkɑːl]) is a greeting used by the followers of the Sikh religion. Sat means "truth", sri is an honorific word and Akaal (or Akal) means "the timeless being, God"; thus the phrase can roughly be translated as "True is the name of God".

Sat Shri Akaal is exclusively used by Sikhs to greet each other, as their tenth master gave them the jaikara, "Bole So Nihal, Sat Shri Akaal". The saying implies that the one will be blessed eternally who says that God is the ultimate truth.[1] In contrast, Punjabi Muslims living in the Pakistani Punjab use the Muslim greeting "As-salamu alaykum", and Punjabi Hindus use "Namaskar" or Namaste".[citation needed]

"Sat Shri Akal" is used by Sikhs throughout the world when greeting other Sikhs, regardless of their native language.[citation needed] For instance, two members of the Sikh Diaspora who exclusively speak English may still greet each other with this blessing, although this is not universal. The saying is also the only formal greeting in Sikhism.[citation needed]

The usage of Sat Shri Akal as a greeting, although used by the majority of people who identify themselves as being Sikh, is regarded as incorrect usage by "Amritdhari" or Dalit Sikhs (who are low caste converts to Sikhism), as the term is historically the second half of the Sikh war cry, "Bolay So Nihal, Sat Shri Akal", and is still used in the same way. As per the Sikh Rehat Maryada, or Code of Conduct, Amritdhari Sikhs greet each other with "Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh", meaning "The Khalsa belongs to the Lord God! so the victory belongs to God!".[citation needed]

Defence battle cry[edit]

Three regiments of the Indian Army – the Punjab Regiment, Sikh Regiment, and Sikh Light Infantry – use it as their battle cry.[2]

Their origin is Sikh in character, and the battle cry is often portrayed in Bollywood films. By far Sat Shri Akal remains one of the most portrayed battle cry of Sikhs serving in the army.[original research?]


  1. ^ "First Gurpurab of Guru Nanak at White House in Washington". Punjab Newsline. 15 November 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Indian Army Battle Cries". Retrieved 19 May 2012.